to characterize the overall impression of a piece of writing Ex) Plain style- being brief and simple words Pompous style - words that are too fancy Official style in connection with variations in sentence structure, with the structural and punctuation choices that you as writer can use to your advantage. Ex) No commas- Talking and yelling and picking your nose. Only commas- Talking, yelling, picking your nose
This is the variation from the standard subject-verb-subject word order which is fairly common in poetry and prose. An example would be: Car, Sou has; gas money, Sou has not. Another example [that is common] is rearrangement that occurs when a clause as a direct object opens the sentence: Which of those girls is pretty, it is not possible to say. Each example puts an emphasis on the verb; has and is.
This is where part of the sentence is simply left out, or “understood,” usually for the purpose of avoiding repetition. An example: His character was stern, his manner [was] reserved and usually forbidding, his temper [was] Calvinistic, his mode of life [was] strict, frugal, austere. -Churchill
This deals with the pairs and series of sentences and sentence parts. To change the emphasis, we can entail a small variation from the usual way of using conjunctions. In a series of three or more structures, we generally use commas between the parts of the series, and use a conjunction before the final member. For example: At the wedding, I ate food, danced, and flirted with the cute guys. - This emphasizes each verb equally. Two variations are: At the wedding I ate food and danced and flirted with the cute guys. - This has an open-ended quality, like an incomplete list. At the wedding I ate food, danced, flirted with the cute guys. -This omits the conjunction and is strict in the style of writing.
This can be the sentence that opens with a series of noun phrases that act as appositives to the subject. An example: Constant nagging over small issues, superior thoughts, self-absorbed --younger siblings can be very annoying. - Note, the series does not include a conjunction before the last member.
This is when a sentence is written as a fragment deliberately rather than by error. It is used for noun and verb phrases that invariably call attention to themselves. For example: Dramatic effects. The lights dimmed, the music slowly started to play, and the curtain began to rise. -The emphasis is on the fragmented sentence.
The repeating of a word, words, or idea to add emphasis. It can be used in both a positive and negative sense. In a positive light, it gives sentences cohesion. In a negative manner, it has no purpose and when it gets in the reader’s way (redundancy). An example of negative repetition would be: The boy gets hurt, the boy starts to bleed, then the boy goes to the nurse. An example of positive repetition would be: “Fourscore and seven years ago,… government of the people, by the people, for the people.” -Abraham Lincoln -Without the repetition, it would no have the same effect. (Of, by, and for the people.)