Presentation on theme: "The Army Safety Program"— Presentation transcript:
1The Army Safety Program AR , The Army Safety ProgramDA Pam , Army Safety ProgramFM 5-19, Composite Risk ManagementNOTE: Use the following motivator, paraphrase it, or use one of your own. Ensure you impress on the students why The Army Safety Program is important and that it is a responsibility of all. Also emphasize the benefits of an effective program.Good morning/afternoon. I’m _______________________, the instructor and facilitator for this safety lesson titled, Army Safety Program.The primary references I’m using for this lesson are:AR , The Army Safety Program, 23 August 2007DA Pam , Army Safety Program , 23 May 2008FM 5-19, Composite Risk Management, 21 August 2006
2The Army Safety Program What are the Benefits of an Effective Safety Program?NOTE: Ask the students why the Army Safety Program is important and to name the benefits of having an effective program. Summarize their responses and state the “bottom line” purpose and discuss benefits that haven’t already been mentioned. The purpose of the Army Safety Program is to safeguard and preserve Army resources worldwide, to include Soldiers, Army civilians, and Army property against accidental loss. It provides for public safety incident to Army operations and activities. From the commander to the Soldier and civilian employee, accident prevention is everyone’s responsibility.
3Benefits of an Effective Safety Program The Army Safety ProgramBenefits of an Effective Safety ProgramInjury preventionManagement improvementMission protectionDamage controlStatutory complianceLiability limitationThere are numerous benefits when hazards are identified and controlled. For example:Injury prevention – protect our personnelManagement improvement – a unit that has a proactive, effective safety program has leaders that look for the problems before they become accidents.Mission protection – capability and readinessDamage control – prevent accidental loss of equipmentStatutory compliance – the Army operates on standards; many for safety come from national law. When we take a shortcut and don’t follow the established standard we set the stage for an accident as well as break the law.Liability limitation – the Army pays millions of dollars in claims annually for Army at fault accidents. Identify and fix safety problems before they become accidents.This lesson is designed to enhance your understanding of the Army Safety Program so that you can effectively integrate the principles outlined in this lesson into your unit’s Safety Program and profit from the benefits. Let’s look at the terminal learning objective…….
4Terminal Learning Objective The Army Safety ProgramTerminal Learning ObjectiveAction:Interpret the Army Safety Program requirements.Condition:Using references and notes.Standard:Interpretation must encompass statutory and regulatory standards.State the Terminal Learning Objective (TLO)
5The Army Safety Program Lesson DataClass Safety RequirementsLesson Risk AssessmentEnvironmental ConsiderationsEvaluation will be based on your participation during class discussions and answers to the Check-on-LearningLesson Data (ensure you inform the students of classroom specifics for each of the following)Safety Requirements: [specific to class location]Risk Assessment: Low [construct Risk Assessment Worksheet]Environmental Conditions [specific to class location]Evaluation Criteria: You will be evaluated based on your participation during class discussions and answers to the Checks-on-Learning.
6The Army Safety Program OverviewFoundations for the Army Safety Program and Program ApplicabilityResponsibilities of key personnelTailoring the structure of the safety organizationDuring this lesson, we will discuss the Army Safety Program to include:Who it applies to and the basis (foundations) for the programThe responsibilities for making the program successfulTailoring the structure of the safety organizationLet’s look at our first of three Enabling Learning Objectives (ELOs)
7Enabling Learning Objective A The Army Safety ProgramEnabling Learning Objective AAction:Describe the foundations of Army Safety.Condition:Provided a list of statutory and regulatory policies and procedures.Standard:Descriptions must entail the applicability and foundations of the Army Safety Program.Who does the Army Safety Program apply to in regard to AR and DA Pam ?
8Army Safety Program Applicability The Army Safety ProgramActive ArmyArmy National GuardU.S. Army ReserveArmy Civilian EmployeesArmy Corps of EngineersCivil WorksNote: The proponent, Army Chief of Staff, has the authority to approve exceptions or waiversAs detailed in the introduction page (page i), AR applies to:Active ArmyArmy National GuardU.S. Army ReserveArmy Civilian EmployeesArmy Corps of EngineersCivil Works activities and tenants and volunteers in accordance with Section 1588, Title 10, United States Code and AR 608–1.Proponent and exception authority. The proponent of this regulation is the Chief of Staff, Army. The proponent has the authority to approve exceptions or waivers to this regulation that are consistent with controlling law and regulations.We’ve talked about who the program applies to; now let’s look at the basis / foundation of our Army Safety Program.
9The Army Safety Program Public Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960DODI 6055 SeriesARDA PamThe Army Safety Program is based on,Public Law that was passed by Congress on 29 December 1970Executive Order issued by the PresidentCode of Federal Regulations (CFR)Department of Defense InstructionsArmy Regulations and PamphletsLet’s discuss each one separately and how it governs our Army Safety Program, beginning with Public LawFOUNDATIONS
10The Army Safety Program Public Law (OSH Act of 1970)Assures safe and healthful working conditions for working men and womenThe Army Safety Program begins with Public Law , also known as the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970 that was passed by Congress on 29 December 1970.This law / OSH Act assures a safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by:Authorizing enforcement of the standards developed under the ActAssisting and encouraging the States in their efforts to assure safe and healthful working conditionsProviding for research, information, education, and training in the field of occupational safety and healthFOUNDATIONS
11The Army Safety Program Public Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 12196Occupational safety and health programs for Federal employees(Excluded Military Personnel)Executive Order directs the Secretary of Labor to coordinate and consult with all federal agencies and help them adopt safety and health programs.Provisions of EO are “By order of the President”FOUNDATIONS
12The Army Safety Program Public Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960Basic Program Elements for Federal Employees OSHAApplies EO12196 to the Military29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1960 Safety & Health Law assigns responsibilities to Management, Supervisors, and Employees. It also makes Executive order applicable to the military, except for military unique equipment.NOTE: The following is extracted and abbreviated from the Safety & Health Law.1960.1(e). Executive Order and these basic program elements apply to all agencies of the Executive Branch. They apply to all Federal employees. They apply to all working conditions of Federal employees except those involving uniquely military equipment, systems, and operations.FOUNDATIONS
13The Army Safety Program .1 Safety & Occupational Health.4 Traffic Safety.5 Industrial Hygiene.6 Fire and Emergency Services.7 Accident Investigation, Reporting , and Record Keeping.8 Radiation Protection Program.12 Hearing Conservation.15 Laser ProtectionPublic Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960DODI 6055 SeriesDepartment of Defense Instruction (DODI) defines DoD policy with regard to safety. The policy is to eliminate accidents, deaths, and occupational illnesses while reducing costs and eliminating unnecessary expenditures.Other instructions in the DODI 6055 series address specific safety functions, such as:Safety & Occupational HealthTraffic SafetyIndustrial HygieneFire and Emergency ServicesAccident Investigation, Reporting , and Record KeepingRadiation Protection ProgramHearing ConservationLaser ProtectionFOUNDATIONS
14The Army Safety Program Public Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960DODI 6055 SeriesARTHE ARMY SAFETY PROGRAMComply with OSHA and Investigate AccidentsARPrescribes the policy, responsibilities, and procedures for the Army Safety Program with special emphasis on responsibilities and organizational conceptsArmy’s primary safety regulation, supported by DA PamphletsEstablishes composite risk management (CRM) as the Army’s principal risk reduction methodologyAssures regulatory and statutory compliance as well as, provides for public safety incident to Army operations and activitiesFOUNDATIONS
15The Army Safety Program Mandatory guidance, functions, policies, proceduresPublic Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960DODI 6055 SeriesARDA PamDA Pam , Army Safety Program, establishes MANDATORY guidance, functions, policies and procedures for the Army’s Safety Program and gives specific instructions on how to implement ARLet’s focus now, specifically on AR and DA PamFOUNDATIONS
16The Army Safety Program DA PamPublic Law (OSH Act of 1970)Executive Order 1219629 CFR 1960DODI 6055 SeriesARAR and DA Pam go hand-in-hand.
17AR 385-10, The Army Safety Program Purpose Prescribe DA policy, responsibilities, and procedures to preserve Army resourcesEstablish composite risk management as the Army’s principal risk reduction methodologyProvide for public safety incident to Army operations and activitiesLet’s look at the purpose of The Army Safety Program Regulation.1–1. PurposeAR prescribes Department of the Army (DA) policy, responsibilities, and procedures to safeguard and preserve Army resources worldwide, to include Soldiers, Army civilians, and Army property against accidental loss.It establishes composite risk management (CRM) as the Army’s principal risk reduction methodology and assures regulatory and statutory compliance as well as, provides for public safety incident to Army operations and activities.Now let’s look at the specific responsibilities for the Army Safety Program……..
18DA Pam 385-10, Army Safety Program Purpose The Army Safety ProgramDA Pam , Army Safety Program PurposeMandatory guidance, functions, policies, and procedures for the compliance with safety requirements stated in:AR 385–10, The Army Safety Program (governing regulation)Other Army safety and occupational health regulationsLet’s look at the purpose of DA Pam , Army Safety Program, 23 May 20081–1. Introductiona. This pamphlet establishes mandatory guidance, functions, policies and procedures for the Army’s Safety Program. The goal of this pamphlet and subsequent programs is to reduce the risk of death or injury to Soldiers and civilians, and damage to vehicles, equipment and property due to accidents.b. This pamphlet also establishes requirements for safety and accident prevention programs on Army installations, provides guidance concerning public health and safety laws and regulations, and establishes procedures for compliance with the safety requirements of AR 385–10 and other Army safety and occupational health regulations. This pamphlet is compatible with other Army safety and occupational health pamphlets.c. This pamphlet is organized to provide detailed guidance for selected chapters of AR 385–10. Each section of this pamphlet corresponds with a similar section of the regulation. When a chapter of AR 385–10 is not included in this pamphlet, that chapter has a unique pamphlet that was written to specifically address that topic.
19Statutory/Regulatory Compliance The Army Safety ProgramStatutory/Regulatory ComplianceWhat if there is a conflict between the OSH Act and an Army Standard?The more stringent standard will applyWhen Army standards conflict with a legal standards, such as the OSH Act, or provide a lower degree of protection, the more stringent legal standard will apply.AR , 23 Aug 2007, paragraph 1-9, Conflict Resolution, states:a. When requirements in this regulation conflict with a legal standard such as the OSH Act, or provide a lower degree of protection, the more stringent legal standard will apply. When requirements in this regulation are equal to or exceed such requirements in providing workplace safety, the Army requirements will apply.There may be times when the safety requirements of AR conflict with mission accomplishment. In those cases, commanders may request approval from the Director, Army Safety to deviate from the specific requirements. b. At Joint–Service facilities and during Joint operations, when requirements in this regulation conflict with the workplace–safety standards of another Service’s regulations, or provide a lower degree of protection, the other Service’s regulations will apply. When requirements in this regulation are equal to or exceed the other Services’ requirements in providing workplace safety, the Army requirements will apply.
20Joint-Service Facilities Regulations Regarding Workplace Safety The Army Safety ProgramJoint-Service Facilities Regulations Regarding Workplace SafetyIf Army requirements are equal to (or exceeds) the other Services’ requirements, the Army requirements will applyIf not, the more stringent standard will applyAR , 23 Aug 2007, paragraph 1-9, Conflict Resolution, states:b. At Joint–Service facilities and during Joint operations, when requirements in this regulation conflict with the workplace–safety standards of another Service’s regulations, or provide a lower degree of protection, the other Service’s regulations will apply. When requirements in this regulation are equal to or exceed the other Services’ requirements in providing workplace safety, the Army requirements will apply.
21The Army Safety Program Check on LearningQ: When Army standards conflict with legal standards, such as the OSH Act, or provide a lower degree of protection, which standard will be followed? A: The more stringent legal standard will apply. Q: Under what circumstances can a commander waive the requirements of AR ? A: Commanders may not waive any requirement of AR ; the request must be sent to the proponent of the regulation, which is the Army Chief of Staff.
22The Army Safety Program What are some of the roles and responsibilities pertaining to the Army Safety Program?To ensure Soldiers and Army civilians adhere to and/or comply with safety laws, directives, regulations, etc., roles and responsibilities are specified in AR , Chapter 1, Section 2. We will discuss only a few of each.
23Enabling Learning Objective B The Army Safety ProgramEnabling Learning Objective BAction:Describe responsibilities of key personnel in the Army Safety Program.Condition:Given a list of key personnel.Standard:Descriptions will include specific and general responsibilities.State the Enabling Learning Objective (ELO)
24Army Safety Program Responsibilities The Army Safety ProgramArmy Safety Program ResponsibilitiesSpecificDirector of Army SafetyCommanders/DirectorsGeneralSoldiers and Army Civilians (all levels)Supervisory PersonnelLet’s look at a few of those with specific (as defined in Chapter 1, AR , page 3) responsibilities and a few general responsibilities (page 13).Let’s begin by looking at some of the responsibilities of the Director of Army Safety
25Director of Army Safety The Army Safety ProgramDirector of Army SafetyProvides staff supervision to . . .U.S. Army Combat Readiness /Safety Center (USACRC)Army Safety OfficeThese are a few of the responsibilities of the Director of Army Safety as specified in AR For the full list, review pages 3 and 4; the list begins with:j. Director of Army Safety. The Director of Army Safety will—(1) Provide staff supervision of the U.S. Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center (USACRC) and the Army Safety Office.
26Director of Army Safety The Army Safety ProgramDirector of Army SafetyContinuedIn support of the Army’s mission, establishes, coordinates, and disseminates policy, guidance, and procedures for the Army Safety Program based upon:Corporate policy developed by the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations & Environment (ASA(I&E))Statutory requirementsNational standards(2) Establish, coordinate, and disseminate policy, guidance, and procedures for the Army Safety Program based upon corporate policy developed by ASA(I&E), statutory requirements, and national standards, in support of the Army’s mission.
27Director of Army Safety The Army Safety ProgramDirector of Army SafetyContinuedImplements policies and develop procedures for implementing PL 91–596 (OSH Act)Establishes procedures for accident reporting and recording Army wideDetermines which accidents will be investigated by the USACRC(4) Implement policies and develop procedures for implementing the Act of 29 December 1970, PL 91–596 (OSH Act).(10) Establish procedures for accident reporting and recording Army wide.(11) Determine which accidents will be investigated by the USACRC under the centralized accident investigation (CAI) criteria.
28Director of Army Safety The Army Safety ProgramDirector of Army SafetyContinuedExecutes an effective and efficient Army Safety Program in accordance with AR and statutory requirementsPromotes the use of CRM during all phases of Army planningj. Director of Army Safety. The Director of Army Safety will—(5) Execute an effective and efficient Army Safety Program in accordance with this regulation and statutory requirements, which provides safe and healthful work environments, missions, operations, and reduces accidents.(6) Promote the use of CRM during all phases of Army planning.
29Commanders/Directors The Army Safety ProgramCommanders/DirectorsEstablish, emphasize, resource, evaluate, and ensure a vital, organization–wide safety programDesignate a qualified safety professional as the command safety directorEnsure that the command safety director has direct reporting responsibility to the commander and designation as a member of the special staffm. Commanders and directors of Army Commands (ACOMs), Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs), Direct Reporting Units DRUs, field operating agencies (FOAs), and Chief, National Guard Bureau (NGB) will—(1) Establish, emphasize, resource, evaluate, and ensure a vital, organization–wide safety program.(2) Designate a qualified safety professional as the command safety director.(3) Ensure that the command safety director has direct reporting responsibility to the commander and designation as a member of the special staff.
30Commanders/Directors The Army Safety ProgramCommanders/DirectorsContinuedAppoint and rate the aviation safety officers (ASOs) at regiment/brigade/group level and belowCommanders not authorized full–time safety personnel by will appoint an additional duty safety officer (ADSO)m. Commanders and directors of Army Commands (ACOMs), Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs), Direct Reporting Units DRUs, field operating agencies (FOAs), and Chief, National Guard Bureau (NGB) will—(4) Appoint and rate the aviation safety officers (ASOs) at regiment/brigade/group level and below.(a) Units that do not have table of organization and equipment (TOE)/table of distribution and allowance (TDA) authorized ASO positions will use the expertise of the next higher authorized ASO in the chain of command. Additionally, commanders not authorized full–time safety personnel by the TOE/TDA will appoint an additional duty safety officer (ADSO).(b) Commanders will support the resourcing of adequate computer equipment to allow ASOs to perform assigned duties more efficiently.
31Commanders/Directors The Army Safety ProgramCommanders/DirectorsContinuedDevelop training required by AR and AR 350-1, Army Training and Leader DevelopmentImplement the program elements of AR , CRM, and share best practicesResource Brigade Combat Team safety professionalsAdminister a safety program consisting of safety program elements listed in table 1–1 ARm. Commanders and directors of Army Commands (ACOMs), Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs), Direct Reporting Units DRUs, field operating agencies (FOAs), and Chief, National Guard Bureau (NGB) will—(6) Develop training required by this regulation (AR ) in accordance with AR 350–1.(7) Implement the program elements of this regulation, CRM, and share best practices as applicable.(8) Resource brigade combat team safety professionals to advise the commander on safety and occupational health and integrate CRM at the brigade level.(9) Administer a safety program consisting of the specific safety program elements listed in table 1–1 as core requirements, and those listed as mission dictated, as required.
32Commanders’ Safety Assets The Army Safety ProgramCommanders’ Safety AssetsUSACRC – direct communication is authorizedSafety staff within the chain of command up to the Army Command levelUnit safety officerUnit safety NCOSafety councilsUnit, Battalion, BrigadeEnlistedHere are a list of the assets the commander has at his disposal to help him manage his safety programUS Army Combat Readiness/Safety Center - Direct communication is authorized. (AR 10-88)Safety Manager and staff within the chain of command up to the ACOM level.Unit safety officer.Unit safety NCO.Unit, BN, BDE safety councils.Enlisted safety councils.
33Additional Duty Safety Officer (ADSO) The Army Safety ProgramAdditional Duty Safety Officer (ADSO)May also be referred to as Collateral Duty Safety OfficerWill be of sufficient rank to perform the dutiesCommissioned officer/warrant officer at Battalion or higher unit levelsStaff sergeant at company or detachment levelsDepartment of the Army (DA) civilian as neededDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 5, paragraph 3–3f. In addition to the standard safety organization structure identified in figure 3–1 , there is also a requirement for activity safety personnel who perform the safety duty as “other duty as assigned role.” This individual should be referred to as the Additional Duty Safety Officer (ADSO) or Collateral Duty Safety Officer (CDSO). This usually occurs in activities where the table of organization and equipment/table of distribution and allowance/modified table of organization and equipment (TOE/TDA/MTOE) based on required functions/task does not support a full time safety officer. The person designated as the ADSO/CDSO will be of sufficient rank to perform these duties normally a commissioned officer/warrant officer at Battalion or higher unit levels; staff sergeant at company or detachment levels; or a Department of the Army (DA) civilian as needed.
34Additional Duty Safety Officer (ADSO) The Army Safety ProgramAdditional Duty Safety Officer (ADSO)ContinuedMust have at least 12 months remaining with the unit after appointmentWill be confirmed in orders, by name, as the unit safety officerMust receive required training as soon as possible after being appointedAdditional Duty Safety CourseSupplemental, installation specific trainingDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 5, paragraph 3–3f.The person selected must have at least 12 months remaining with the unit after appointment. The appointment will be confirmed in orders designating the unit safety officer by name. The unit safety officer will have received, or will receive training for this position as soon as possible, but no later than 3 months after being appointed the specific area.AR , 23 Aug 2007, paragraph 10–8. Additional duty safety personnela. Additional duty safety personnel are required to complete an online ADSC. The course focuses on additional duty safety personnel from company through brigade level. The ADSC course establishes the Army standard for trained and qualified additional duty safety personnel. Course completion will also satisfy the requirements for completing a local unit safety officer course. The course will require approximately 16 hours to complete.b. Local safety offices should provide supplemental, installation specific training for ADSOs where needed.c. Additional duty safety personnel on active duty are required to complete the ADSC within 30 days of appointment. Non–active duty guard and reserve personnel are afforded 90 days to complete the course. The new ADSC is hosted on the USACRC learning management system. The USACRC course certificates and resource CDs are provided to users upon successful completion of the course.
35Soldiers and Army Civilians The Army Safety ProgramSoldiers and Army CiviliansAre responsible for:Working safelyBeing aware of others safe/unsafe work practicesEmploying Composite Risk ManagementComplying with OSH Act, regulations, SOPs, etc.Reporting hazards and accident risksEmployees are an important component of the Army Safety Program. It is the responsibility of every employee to report hazards and accident risks associated with his or her duties and work environment. Employees must know procedures to control risks and work safely.Employees must also know their rights and responsibilities regarding accident prevention.They should also be aware of the safety responsibilities of their leaders and supervisors.AR , Page 131–5. General Army Safety Program responsibilitiesa. Soldiers and Army civilians at all levels. Soldiers and Army civilians at all levels will—(1) Stop unsafe acts detrimental to Army operations.(2) Be responsible for accident prevention through the application of the mishap risk management component of CRM.(3) Comply with this regulation, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act), safety regulations, the Army Occupational Health Program, work practices, and standing operating procedures (SOPs).(4) Use all personal protective equipment (PPE) and protective clothing provided, including seatbelts, in accordance with training, hazard analyses, work instructions, and as required by the task at hand.(5) Report Army accidents, near misses, and hazards in their workplace as soon as possible to their supervisor or leader.(6) Employ CRM in managing risk.
36Supervisory Personnel The Army Safety ProgramSupervisory PersonnelAre responsible for:Preventing accidentsProviding safe work environmentsEnsuring employees obey all rules and regulationsCorrecting hazardous situationsUsing composite risk management during all planning phasesConducting safety meetingsSupervisors are just as responsible for accident prevention as they are for carrying out their assigned duties. They need to provide a safe workplace and ensure that employees observe all safety and occupational health rules and regulations. Supervisors also need to take prompt action to correct dangerous situations and use composite risk management during all phases of any activity which they are responsible for.AR , 23 Aug 2007, page 13, states: b. Supervisory and operating personnel who direct or affect the actions of others. Supervisory and operating personnel who direct or affect the actions of others will—(This is a partial listing.)(1) Maintain a safe and healthful workplace.(2) Inspect the work area for hazards.(3) Promptly evaluate and take action as required to correct hazards.(4) Be responsible for use of CRM during planning, preparation, and execution of all operations.(5) Be responsible for accident prevention to the same extent that they are responsible for production, service, and mission accomplishment.(6) Be held accountable for accidents and property damage, occurring in operations under their direct supervision and control.(7) Ensure that Soldiers and Army civilians are trained and competent to perform their work safely, efficiently, and effectively
37Army Leaders at All Levels The Army Safety ProgramArmy Leaders at All LevelsProvide leadership to their activity / units’ safety and occupational health program and accident reduction initiativesImplement safety and occupational health policiesIntegrate CRM into their mission activitiesc. Army leaders at all levels. Army leaders at all levels will—(1) Provide leadership to their activity / units’ safety and occupational health program and accident reduction initiatives.(2) Protect personnel, equipment, and facilities under their commands.(3) Periodically review their activity/units’ safety and occupational health program and accident reduction initiatives.(4) Provide adequate resources for an effective safety and occupational health program, compliant with Army policy and program requirements.(5) Establish accountability for safety and occupational health through the performance evaluation system and performance counseling sessions.(6) Implement safety and occupational health policies.(7) Integrate CRM into their mission activities.(8) Execute system safety responsibilities as defined in this regulation when purchasing materiel, software, or equipment for all Army operations.(9) Coordinate modifications of all Army systems, including software, with all appropriate program executive officers or program/product/project managers.(10) Prohibit visitors from operating any military vessel, aircraft or vehicle which causes or perceives to cause an increase in risk.(11) Provide equipment improvement recommendations or quality deficiency reports for deficiencies, malfunctions, or failures that create unsafe conditions or hazards in accordance with DA Pam 738–751.(12) Ensure range safety responsibilities and procedures are implemented in accordance with AR 385–63.
38The Army Safety Program Check on LearningQ: Once appointed an ADSO how long does the ADSO have to complete the ADSC A: Additional duty safety personnel on active duty are required to complete the ADSC within 30 days of appointment. Non–active duty guard and reserve personnel are afforded 90 days to complete the course Q: When placed on orders, how many months remaining in a unit must an ADSO have? A: 12 months
39Enabling Learning Objective C The Army Safety ProgramEnabling Learning Objective CAction:Describe the Army Safety Program Structure.Condition:Using notes and references.Standard:Descriptions must include the five functions and sub functions as defined in DA Pam , Chapter 3 and Appendix J.
40Army Safety Program Structure The Army Safety ProgramArmy Safety Program StructureSafety organizations at all levels must be structured for the best support of the Army Safety ProgramProvide guidance and emphasis necessary to ensure Army operates safe and efficientlyApply Composite Risk Management (CRM) and formal Occupational Safety and Health ProgramsAR , 23 Aug 2007, page 16, paragraph 2–4. IntroductionThe Army Safety Program is designed to provide the guidance and emphasis necessary to ensure that the Army operates in as safe and efficient an environment as is possible. This is achieved through the application of the mishap risk management component of CRM and the formal Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) programs directed at the individual Soldier and Army civilian. Therefore, it is important that safety organizations at all levels support the Army Safety Program. Each organization’s goals and objectives are aligned to execute the Army Safety Program in the most effective manner possible appointment as an ADSO.DA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 3, paragraph 3–1. IntroductionAn effective safety program requires a safety organizational structure that is capable of implementing Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), ACOMs, installation level, and organizational safety and occupational health (SOH) standards as well as any other requirements to reduce accidental risk to our resources. While each command must organize their safety program to suit the requirements of that command, each safety organization must meet the requirements of this pamphlet [DA Pam ].
41Safety Office Organizational Structure The Army Safety ProgramSafety Office Organizational StructureDA PamDA Pam , 23 May 2008, paragraph 3–3. Tailoring the safety organizationa. The safety organization functions are an extension of the commander in the area of Safety and Occupational Health (SOH).b. The safety organization will include a qualified SOH Director and safety staffs that meet the requirements of CFR 29, 1960 Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Program.c. The safety organization is responsible for five core safety functional and sub-functional areas (see app J for detailed task of each sub-function) to assist commanders in mission sustainment.(1) Safety program management.(a) Workplace safety (Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)).(b) System safety.(c) Radiation safety.(d) Range safety.(e) Tactical safety.(f) Explosive safety.(g) Chemical agent safety.(h) Doctrine and leadership development.(2) Inspection/assessments.(3) Accident investigation/reporting.(4) Promotion and awareness.(5) Hazard analysis and countermeasures.d. Each functional area is administered by a qualified SOH professional qualified in the functional and sub-functional area. In smaller commands/organizations the safety office may have fewer personnel. In these offices, the formal structure must reflect the multiple duties that are performed by each individual.
42Safety Program Management The Army Safety ProgramSafety Program ManagementEnsuring compliance with statutory and regulatory standardsDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 3Ensuring compliance with statutory and regulatory standardsDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include:Develop, justify, manage, plan, organize, and implement a safety program to manage compliance with statutory and regulatory standards. This sub-function includes the following programs: leader consultation, human and fiscal resources, policy, and guidance, councils, and records management..
43Safety Program Management The Army Safety ProgramSafety Program ManagementWorkplace safetySystem safetyRadiation safetyRange safetyTactical safetyExplosive safetyChemical agent safetyDoctrine and leadership developmentDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 3Ensuring compliance with statutory and regulatory standardsDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include:Develop, justify, manage, plan, organize, and implement a safety program to manage compliance with statutory and regulatory standards. This sub-function includes the following programs: leader consultation, human and fiscal resources, policy, and guidance, councils, and records management.
44Inspections and Assessments The Army Safety ProgramInspections and AssessmentsInspect, survey, and assess for safety issues/concernsProgramsProjectsEventsWorkplace and facilitiesTraining sitesDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include:Establish and execute a program for the conduct of inspections, surveys and assessments of programs, projects, events, workplaces and facilities and training sites.
45Investigations and Reporting The Army Safety ProgramInvestigations and ReportingIdentifies and helps reduce hazardous conditionsAssists in preventing mishap recurrenceDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include:Identify mishap casual factors and potentially unsafe practices or conditions, and recommendations for corrective actions to prevent mishap recurrence and reduce hazardous conditions. The sub- function includes the following elements: mishap screening, accident feeder reports, notifications, investigation, report reviews/coordination, report processing, mishap log, board appointments, command level reviews, countermeasure development, malfunction recording for components, OSHA recordkeeping.
46The Army Safety Program Promotion / AwarenessIncludes:EducationTrainingPromotional and special interest campaignsDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include: Design, conduct, develop, and execute safety awareness, statutory and regulatory training, promotional and special emphasis campaigns and programs to enhance safety awareness throughout the command.AR , 23 Aug 2007, Chapter 10 – Training RequirementsAll Army personnel will be provided Composite Risk Management (CRM) training in those areas needed for a safe and efficient execution of their task to include—The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) required.General safety requirements particular to the operation.Risk mitigation techniques and controls.Special safety requirements.Lessons learned from previous operations.Procedures for reporting and responding to accidents.Identification of all known and perceived hazards.Installations are to ensure that the CRM process is incorporated into training plans.Safety and occupational health training will be in accordance with 29 CFR 1960.Commanders are required to complete the Command Safety Course (CSC).Additional training is available for supervisors (The Supervisor’s Safety Course) and managers (The Manager’s Safety Course) at the Combat Readiness UniversitySafety education and promotional materials such as posters, films, technical publications, pamphlets, incentive items, and related materials are proven cost-effective safety awareness tools and therefore will be budgeted for and used at all levels of the Army to promote safety. The USACRC will provide educational material upon request.
47Hazard Analysis / Countermeasures The Army Safety ProgramHazard Analysis / CountermeasuresIdentifyTrendsSystemic DeficienciesProfilesDevelop and manage countermeasuresDA Pam , 23 May 2008, page 75Tasks include: Collect, review, and analyze data from various sources to identify trends, systemic deficiencies and profiles for use in establishing program initiatives and priorities. Develop, implement and manage a countermeasure program.AR , 23 Aug 2007, Section III, discusses performance indicators, use of metrics, program audits, and Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspections.Metrics will be developed for each safety program in accordance with guidance provided in DA Pam 385–10 and will include both quantitative and qualitative measures that will provide the proponent of the program, as well as outside agencies, a means of evaluating the program.--Examples of metrics that may be applied to safety are rate of accident occurrence, severity and cost, compliance with reporting requirements, corrective action tracking mechanism, regular worksite walk–through inspections for safety, employee training program, management solicitation, and use of and feedback of employee comments.Program audit – each safety office will be audited for its execution and integration of the Army Safety Program into its organization’s mission, both internally and by its higher commands on a periodic basis in accordance with guidance in DA Pam 385–10.--Each organization will conduct and document an annual programmatic audit of their program execution using their performance indicators and matrices.Occupational Safety and Health Administration inspections – in accordance with the provisions of Executive Order (EO 12196), DODI , and within the scope of OSH Act, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health officials, acting as representatives of the Secretary of Labor, are authorized to conduct announced or unannounced inspections of all Army civilian workplaces except those identified as military–unique workplaces.
48The Army Safety Program Check on LearningQ: Name at least two of the five safety sub-functional areas?Safety program managementInspections/assessmentsInvestigation/reportingPromotion/ awarenessHazard analysis and countermeasures
49The Army Safety Program Check on LearningQ: What is the Army’s principal risk reduction method? A: Composite Risk Management (CRM)
50The Army Safety Program SummaryFoundations for the Army Safety Program and Program ApplicabilityResponsibilities of key personnelTailoring the structure of the safety organizationDuring this lesson we discussed the Army Safety Program to include:Who it applies to and The basis for the programThe responsibilities for making the program successfulTailoring the structure of the safety organization
51The Army Safety Program In ConclusionEffective safety program management “makes good sense.” Help protect Army assets.The benefits are manyInjury prevention.Mission protectionDamage controlStatutory complianceLiability limitation