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Scott Krager and Kyle Leffel.  Our role: Fitness Trainer  Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs  The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming  Our role: Fitness.

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Presentation on theme: "Scott Krager and Kyle Leffel.  Our role: Fitness Trainer  Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs  The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming  Our role: Fitness."— Presentation transcript:

1 Scott Krager and Kyle Leffel

2  Our role: Fitness Trainer  Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs  The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming  Our role: Fitness Trainer  Our Clients: Older Adults, 75+ yrs  The 6 Steps of Exercise Programming

3  Determine Level of Function  Physically Dependent: Cannot execute the Basic Activities of Daily Living(BADL).  Physically Frail: Can perform BADL, but not living independently.  Physically Independent: Lives independently, but can have chronic disease/health problems.  Physically Fit: Benefit from exercising two times a week, with low risk of becoming physically frail.  Physically Elite: Daily exercise to compete in sports competitions  Determine Level of Function  Physically Dependent: Cannot execute the Basic Activities of Daily Living(BADL).  Physically Frail: Can perform BADL, but not living independently.  Physically Independent: Lives independently, but can have chronic disease/health problems.  Physically Fit: Benefit from exercising two times a week, with low risk of becoming physically frail.  Physically Elite: Daily exercise to compete in sports competitions

4  Pre-Exercise Screening  Paper work and waivers (to avoid malpractice lawsuits)  Level of need  Background information  Medical History and Clearance  Pre-Exercise Screening  Paper work and waivers (to avoid malpractice lawsuits)  Level of need  Background information  Medical History and Clearance

5  Physical Screening  Blood Pressure  Body Composition  RPE  Flexibility  Talk Test  Physical Screening  Blood Pressure  Body Composition  RPE  Flexibility  Talk Test ratingdescription 6 7Very, Very Light 8 9Very Light 10 11Fairly Light 12 13Somewhat Hard 14 15Hard 16 17Very Hard 18 19Very, Very Hard 20Maximal Exertion

6  Post-Assessment Report  A report conducted 1-3 days after the physical screening with the client.  Post-Assessment Report  A report conducted 1-3 days after the physical screening with the client.

7  Pre-Exercise Interview  Questions involve:  What do you do in your daily life?  Are you still working? If so, what does your job entail?  Do you face ladders, stairs, or lifting?  How do you spend your time away from work?  Do you participate in regular physical activity?  Do you experience pain during any movements?  Pre-Exercise Interview  Questions involve:  What do you do in your daily life?  Are you still working? If so, what does your job entail?  Do you face ladders, stairs, or lifting?  How do you spend your time away from work?  Do you participate in regular physical activity?  Do you experience pain during any movements?

8  Physical Assessment  The physical assessment is a gathering of all the information and test results that help set the stage for the exercise program design.  Helps decide the FITT principles that will be used in the clients exercise program.  Physical Assessment  The physical assessment is a gathering of all the information and test results that help set the stage for the exercise program design.  Helps decide the FITT principles that will be used in the clients exercise program.

9  Based on FITT Principle: Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type  Always begin with a Warm-Up activity  Blood flow  No heavy stretching!  Easy range of motion and gentle continuous movement  General static/preparatory stretching, comfortable stretching point  New movements are taught at this point to prevent future interruption during workout  Based on FITT Principle: Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type  Always begin with a Warm-Up activity  Blood flow  No heavy stretching!  Easy range of motion and gentle continuous movement  General static/preparatory stretching, comfortable stretching point  New movements are taught at this point to prevent future interruption during workout

10  Always End with a Cool Down Activity  Includes light activity to allow the muscles to recover  Static stretching to the point of discomfort  Stay positive, get excited for the next days workout!

11  Leveled Programming  Open to any person who is able to exercise without any requirements from physically dependent to physically elite  Land-Based Programming  Entry Level  Level II  Level III  Water-Based Programming:  Entry Level  Level II  Level III  Leveled Programming  Open to any person who is able to exercise without any requirements from physically dependent to physically elite  Land-Based Programming  Entry Level  Level II  Level III  Water-Based Programming:  Entry Level  Level II  Level III

12 Lowest 25% of trainers= $36,000 Middle 50%= $51,000 Highest 75%= $62,000

13 Krager and Leffel Have an awesome day!!!! Krager and Leffel Have an awesome day!!!!

14  Chen, Tiffany. (2008). Chi sequence with tiffany chen. Received January 17,  Douglas, Bill. (2008). Free tai chi lesson 1. Received January 17,  Green, Daniel J., & Bryant, Cedric X. (Eds.). (2005). Exercise for older adults. San Diego, CA: American Council on Exercise.  Nieman, David C. (2007). Exercise testing and prescription (6 th ed.). Dubuque, Iowa: Carlisle Publishing.  n.d. Rating of perceived exertion table. Retrieved January 17,  n.d. Salary wizard: Salaries of personal trainers. Retrieved January 17,  Van Norman, Kay A. (1995). Exercise programming for older adults. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.


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