Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences A human intellectual competence must entail a set of skills of problem solving- enabling the individual to resolve genuine problems or difficulties that he or she encounters and when appropriate, to create an effective product—and must also entail the potential for finding or creating problems. From Frames of Mind by Gardner
Theoretical Basis for MI Theory Isolation as a Brain Function Prodigies, Idiot Savants and Exceptional Individuals A Set of Core Operations A Developmental History with an Expert "End State" Performance An Evolutionary History Supported Psychological Tasks Supported Psychometric Tasks Encoded into a Symbol System
Key Points of the Multiple Intelligences Each person possesses all eight intelligences Most people can develop each intelligence to an adequate level of competency Intelligences usually work together in complex ways There are many ways to be intelligent within each category. From Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom by T. Armstrong
Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives 1956 Benjamin Bloom’s taxonomy is a gauge of cognitive complexity. Armstrong states, “Bloom’s taxonomy provided a kind of quality-control mechanism through which you can judge how deeply student’s minds have been stirred by the multiple-intelligence curriculum.
Lorin Anderson in his editorial in Theory into Practice- Autumn 2002 Lorin Anderson,David Krathwohl and others began the task of revision of the original taxonomy. The revision has retained many important aspects but it has increased the usefulness and usability of the original. The original taxonomy provided a common language for learning goals, and ordered from simple to complex
Krathwohl stated In the new revised taxonomy, objectives that describe intended learning outcomes as the result of instruction are framed in terms of (a) some subject matter content and (b) a description of what is to be done with or to that content. Moving from the noun to verb aspects A change from the three subcategories of the Knowledge Dimension to the addition of meta-cognitive knowledge.
Original Terms New Terms Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Creating Evaluating Analyzing Applying Understanding Remembering (Based on Pohl, 2000, Learning to Think, Thinking to Learn, p. 8)
Blending the MI and the revised taxonomy Can assist teacher candidates to classify the instructional and learning activities used to achieve the objectives. Work toward including as many different intelligences as possible during the art instruction. Assess student achievement for successful art learning.
References Anderson,L. and Krathwohl, D., A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching and Assessing. Marzano, R. and Kendall,J., The new Taxonomy of Educational Objectives www.sc.edu/studentengagement/pdf/Lear ningOutcomes.pdf www.sc.edu/studentengagement/pdf/Lear ningOutcomes.pdf Based on Pohl, 2000, Learning to Think, Thinking to Learn, p. 8 http://rite.ed.qut.edu.au/oz- teachernet/training/bloom.html http://rite.ed.qut.edu.au/oz- teachernet/training/bloom.html