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DEMAND MANAGEMENT AND GRAZING IN THE GREAT BASIN Hillary M. Hoffmann Vermont Law School.

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Presentation on theme: "DEMAND MANAGEMENT AND GRAZING IN THE GREAT BASIN Hillary M. Hoffmann Vermont Law School."— Presentation transcript:

1 DEMAND MANAGEMENT AND GRAZING IN THE GREAT BASIN Hillary M. Hoffmann Vermont Law School

2 AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE CLIMATE CRISIS FACING FEDERAL RANGELANDS

3 The Great Basin -eastern side of Sierras to Wasatch Mtns -central Oregon to Mojave Desert

4 Why focus on the Great Basin? Why focus on the Great Basin to discuss climate change and the federal range?

5 The region will warm by 3.6-9° by 2101

6 As it warms, it will dry…

7 Known Climate Change Effects : Annual average temps will continue to warm for the indefinite future (3.6-9°F by 2101); Increase in evapotranspiration; Loss of snowpack; Increased winter precip. and decreased summer precip. ?

8 What that Means for Rangelands: Drier conditions across all allotments Less precipitation on all allotments Less forage on all allotments Hotter conditions during summer pasturing season

9 What does Demand Management entail, generally? Resource monitoring; Agency accountability for resource losses over a certain percentage per season; Resource use subject to quota; Policies to encourage research and development, user training; Resource conservation practices; Consequences for failure to comply.

10 What does Forage Demand Management entail? Forage monitoring; Agency accountability for forage losses over a certain percentage per season; Forage use subject to annual quota; Policies to encourage research and development, permittee training; Water conservancy practices; Consequences for failure to comply

11 What can Demand Management do for the Great Basin? It can accommodate the certainty of global climate change more easily than legislation. It dovetails with the existing regulatory structure – FLPMA planning process – TGA and GTA allotment-level planning process

12 How Does WDM fit within the current climate change strategy? Obama Exec Orders – – Managing risks associated with climate changes requires deliberate preparation, close cooperation, and coordinated planning by the federal Government, as well as by stakeholders…. – Feds must pursue “new strategies” to improve the Nation’s resilience and preparedness.

13 To that End… The Federal Government should – reform policies that may increase the vulnerability of natural or built systems, or natural resources, to climate change related risks…

14 References U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Managing Water in the West (2007); NASA, Earth Exchange Downscale Project; Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, U. of Colorado Law School (B. Udall, 2013); IPCC 4 th Assessment, USGCRP 2009 National Assessment.


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