2“Liberty without obedience is confusion, and obedience without liberty is slavery.” William Penn The thinkers and writers were devoted to ideals of justice, liberty, and equality as the natural rights of man.
3“Know then thyself, presume not God to scan, The proper study of mankind is man.” Alexander Pope Emphasis on rationality rather than tradition.Scientific inquiry vs unquestioning religionRepresentative government instead of monarchy
4Change in BeliefsScience had discovered “laws that they did not see as hereticalNewtonWorld was an orderly system that humans could comprehendDid not look to the Bible for God, looked to the universe itselfThe universe is generous, harmoniousDeistsWith the application of intelligence, the human condition could be improved
5Change in Politics Revolt against British Control The Stamp Act 1764 Boston Massacre 1770Boston Tea Party 1773
6Born with moralityUniversal belief that we all possess the innate ability to decipher right and wrongMan’s right to Happiness on Earth
7Three prevalent American Themes Man’s reality of America vs the promise of America.Self-improvementSociety vs self
8Elements of Continuity Fondness for Puritan plain stylePursuit of moral perfection minus the idea of graceLingering providential view of AmericaPreoccupation of recording life in the New World