Presentation on theme: "The Age of Enlightenment A Nation in Born. “Liberty without obedience is confusion, and obedience without liberty is slavery.” William Penn The thinkers."— Presentation transcript:
“Liberty without obedience is confusion, and obedience without liberty is slavery.” William Penn The thinkers and writers were devoted to ideals of justice, liberty, and equality as the natural rights of man.
“Know then thyself, presume not God to scan, The proper study of mankind is man.” Alexander Pope Emphasis on rationality rather than tradition. Scientific inquiry vs unquestioning religion Representative government instead of monarchy
Change in Beliefs Science had discovered “laws that they did not see as heretical Newton Newton World was an orderly system that humans could comprehend Did not look to the Bible for God, looked to the universe itself –The universe is generous, harmonious –Deists –With the application of intelligence, the human condition could be improved
Change in Politics Revolt against British Control –The Stamp Act 1764 –Boston Massacre 1770 –Boston Tea Party 1773
Born with morality Universal belief that we all possess the innate ability to decipher right and wrong Man’s right to Happiness on Earth
Three prevalent American Themes Man’s reality of America vs the promise of America. Self-improvement Society vs self
Elements of Continuity Fondness for Puritan plain style Pursuit of moral perfection minus the idea of grace Lingering providential view of America Preoccupation of recording life in the New World