Presentation on theme: "Apostolic Church Apostolic Fathers Church Councils Church History Ca. 30AD590 AD1517 AD Golden Age of Church Fathers Reformation & Counter Reformation."— Presentation transcript:
Apostolic Church Apostolic Fathers Church Councils Church History Ca. 30AD590 AD1517 AD Golden Age of Church Fathers Reformation & Counter Reformation Rationalism, Revivalism, & Denominationalism Revivalism, Missions, & Modernism ? Ancient Church HistoryMedieval Church HistoryModern Church History The Pre-Reformers The First Medieval Pope The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire The Crusades The Papacy in Decline
That the end of the Hellenistic-Roman phase of Christianity “did not lead to the slow strangulation of the total Christian presence in the world was due to the slow, painful, and far from satisfactory spread of Christian allegiance among the tribal peoples beyond the old frontiers…” Andrew Walls The Missionary Movement in Christian History, p. 19 ULFILAS “little wolf”
Four Centers of Missionary Movement in 2 nd 500 years 1.Rome 2. Ireland 3. England 4. Persia/Constantinople
Cyril & Methodius Prince Vladimir of Kiev,982
Reasons people were converting to Christianity 1. Some because they were forced to 2. Some because of perceived advantages 3. Some by a ‘power encounter’ How do you balance the reality of this? God’s Providence was at work!
AGES OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH I. Period of Jewish Christianity II. Period of Roman Empire III. Period of Northern Europe, Central Asia
“A STRANGE WIND BLOWING IN THE DESERT ”
BYZANTINE EMPIRE600 C.E.
570 MECCA MUHAMMAD ABU TALIB KHADIJAH
610VISION FROM THE ANGEL GABRIEL “ Recite, in the name of your Lord, Who created mankind from a clot of blood. Recite, for your Lord is most generous; by the pen He taught man what he did not know.” REMAINED IN MECCA ALLAH IS GOD ALONE DUTY OF MAN:SUBMIT (ISLAM)
How do Muslims view the world? dar al-islamTerritory where Muslim governments ruleSharia dar al-harb Territory where Islamic rule is not present NOTE:This can exist within Muslim countries where Sharia is not the recognized law
UTHMAN ( ) ALI BIN ABU TALEB ( ) CIVIL WAR Ali’s followersShi’ites Aisha’s followersSunnis
The Fruit of Islam ( )
Turning point at Tours732 Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer) Baghdad rises in prominence Life of the Messenger of God Ibn Ishaq Cairo surges in prominence al-Azhar University THE CRUSADES ( )
FRONT LINES MOVE EAST ( ) ISLAM RESTORED TO SPLENDOR ( ) ISLAM ON THE DEFENSIVE (1919-) RISE OF OTTOMAN TURKS
QUR’ANBooks of “hadith” ISLAMIC TEACHING (DOCTRINE) AND AUTHORITY
“shar’ia”books of law“Outh al-Figh” FIVE PILLARS (DOCTRINES/PRACTICES) OF ISLAM 1.“Shahadah” “There is no god but ALLAH, and Muhammad is his Prophet” 2 “Salah”PRAYER 3. “Zakah”Giving Alms 4. “Sawm”Fasting 5. “Hajj”Pilgrimage “Ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad vasul Allah”
ISLAM IS A RELIGION OF WORKS ‘Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, he will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, he will have his home in ‘Hawiyah” (pit; i.e. Hell) Surah 101:6-9Noble Quran jihadstrugglemoral military Fight the enemy of Allah until enemy dies or Muslim dies (Jihad) is fighting anybody who stands in the way of spreading Islam. Or fighting anyone who refuses to enter into Islam. (based on Surah 8:39)
Contract between Allah and a Muslim “Let those (believers) who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter fight in the Cause of Allah, and whoso fights in the Cause of Allah, and is killed or gets victory, We shall bestow on him a great reward” Surah 4:74Noble Quran “For them Allah has got ready Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” Surah 9:89Nobel Quran ASSURANCE OF FORGIVENESS!
“Those who reject Islam must be killed. If they turn back (from Islam) take (hold of) them and kill them wherever you find them.” Surah 4:89Noble Quran “Let not the Unbelievers think that they can get the better (of the godly); they will never frustrate them. Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemis, of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom you may not know, but whom Allah knows.” Surah 8:59-60Ali Translation Jihad is a command to all Muslims, enforced by the Quran