Presentation on theme: "….don’t leave home without it"— Presentation transcript:
1….don’t leave home without it Punctuation….don’t leave home without it
2Courtesy of… Ask me to tell the joke…… A panda goes into a restaurant and eats a meal.Before he leaves startsshooting the place up. .“What are you doing?” screams awaitress.The panda replies, “When I lookedmyself up in the dictionary, it said apanda eats, shoots and leaves.
3Punctuation is important A woman without her man is nothing.A woman, without her man, is nothing.A woman: without her, man is nothing.
4Dear Jack,I want a man who knows what love is. All about you are generous, kind, thoughtful people, who are not like you. Admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me. For other men I yearn! For you I have no feelings whatsoever. When we’re apart I can be happy forever. Will you let me be?Yours,Dear Jack,I want a man who knows what love is all about. You are generous, kind, thoughtful. People who are not like you admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me for other men. I yearn for you. I have no feelings whatsoever when we’re apart. I can be forever happy-will you let me be yours?
5The Comma,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1. used for lists 2. joins sentences3. fills in gaps4. used before direct speech5. sets off interjections6. come in pairs
6The COMMA ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, Use commas 1. In a list Ex: My mom bought eggs, milk, cereal, and bread at the store.Put comma before the “and”(the Oxford comma)
7The COMMA ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,Use commas2. before dialog “StudyyourEX:I say,vocabulary”
8The COMMA likes to pair up Use commas3. to mark out additional informationEX: Mrs. Teacher, our evil language arts teacher, will be grading our timed writes.Mrs. Teacher will be grading our timed writes.If you take out the additional information the sentence is still grammatically correct!!! Yippee
9Comma- makes connections 4. Used when 2 complete sentences are joined together using the conjunctions,And,or,but,while,yet
10Annie had dark hair; Sally, fair. Comma- fills in gaps p 895. fills in gaps ( for the sophisticated writer)Annie had dark hair; Sally, fair.Sally had fair hair.Implied
11Comma- sets off interjections 6. Sets off interjections EX: Holy Bologna, I received an A on An essay!
12Comma brilliance Don’t be stupid! Where does it belong? Sam walked on her head, a little higher than usual.HUH???
13Comma brilliance Don’t be stupid! Where does it belong? The driver managed to escape from the vehicle before it sank and swam to the river bank.WHAT???
14The fabulous, versatile apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ Good for many occasions!!! 1. Indicates possession2. Indicates time or quantity3. Indicates the omission of letters4. Indicates the omission of numbers in dates5. Indicates strange, nonstandard English.6. Used in certain surnames ( last names)7. Indicates plurals of words
15The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ 1. Indicates Possession When you DO NOT need one( these are called possessive determinersMyYourhisHerOurItsTheirWhen you DO NOT need one( these are called possessive pronouns)MineYoursHisHersItsoursTheirs
16The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ 1. Indicates Possession To indicate a possessive of a plural nounEX: The student’s calculatorEX: The group’s timed writes,EX: The women’s movementEX: The babies’ bottleEX: The boys’ hats
17The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ 2. Indicates time or quantity EX: In one week’s timeEX: Two weeks’ noticeEX: Four yards’ worthWRONG
18EX: The summer of ‘72. EX: Class of ‘11 The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ 3. Indicates omission of number in datesEX: The summer of ‘72.EX: Class of ‘11
19The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ 4. Indicates omission of letters EX: I s’pose, if we hadn’t stopped ‘im she would have hit ‘im.EX: I suppose, if we had not stopped him she would have hit him.Use in dialog to reveal dialectUsed by Shakespeare to make iambic pentameterUsed to make contractions of words
20The Apostrophe’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’’ It/ it’s conundrum The rules is:It’s stands for “it is” or “it has”If the sentence does not make sense, add the “is” or “has” thenIt is “its”
21Its got very cold outside Its mine That was its theme. Let’s practiceIts your turnIts got very cold outsideIts mineThat was its theme.
22Fabulous Apostrophe Indicates strange, non-standard English Used in literature to demonstrate any type of accentEX:Their Eyes Were Watching GodHuckleberry Finn
23Fabulous Apostrophe 6. used in surnames EX: Scarlett O’HaraEX: Patrick O’Neil
24Fabulous Apostrophe 7. Indicates plural of letters How many i’s are in the word Mississippi?The student was getting A’s on her timed writes.
25Fabulous Apostrophe Indicates plurals of words What are do’s and don’ts ? There are too many but’s and and’s at the beginning of sentences these days. NOTE: Word will underline this in red.
26Colons:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 1. Almost always preceded by a complete sentence.EX:Tom has only one rule in life: Never eat anything bigger than your head.Tom has only one rule in life.Never eat anything bigger than your head.2. Reminds us that there is more to the statement than meets the eye.EX: You can do it: And you will do it.
27Colons…………………use them right 3. Used to separate oppositional statements.EX: Man proposes: God disposes.SOOOO, colons introduce the part of the sentence that explains, restates, elaborates, undermines, or balances the preceding part.
28Colons:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 4. The start of lists.EX: A model student always has a: pen, pencil, eraser, marker, highlighter, calculator, protractor, lip balm, and mini dictionary.5. Set off book and film sub-titles from the main title.EX: Berks and Wankers: A pessimist’s view of language preservationEX: Eats, Shoots and Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation.
29Colon6. They separate dramatic characters from dialog (in a script or play).EX: Mrs. Teacher: Are you ready for your timed write?Students: Nooooooooooooooooooooooooooo!7. They start off long quotations (40 words or more)
30The Semicolon;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; 1. Only full sentences should be joined by the semicolon.Linking words likeHoweverNeverthelessAlsoconsequentlyHencethese transition words require a semicolon
31The semicolon Used as a sort of super comma ( I DO NOT advocate this because you ( sorry) need to learn to walk the grammatically correct way before you can run.EX: It was a terrible day for the student: he lost his calculator; he forgot his vocabulary words; his girlfriend dumped him; he forgot to sign up for the AP exams.Indicates a list acts as super comma
32Fun with punctuationTom locked himself in the shed. England lost to Argentina.Unrelated sentences?Tom locked himself in the shed; England lost to Argentina.Events occurred at same time, but are they related???Tom locked himself in the shed: England lost to Argentina.Ah, Tom locked himself in the shed because England lost to Argentina.