Presentation on theme: "Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care: Youth Perspective An AYPF Capitol Hill Forum February 20 th, 2015."— Presentation transcript:
Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care: Youth Perspective #aypfevents @aypf_tweets An AYPF Capitol Hill Forum February 20 th, 2015
Overview Over 26,000 youth turn18 and “age out” of foster care each year. Unique challenges: Less than 10% complete four year college education. 1 40% experience homelessness or “couch surfing”. 2 More vulnerable to financial fraud. Ongoing emotional turmoil. 2008 Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act gave states added flexibility to address transitional youth. 1. Wolanin, Thomas.“HigherEducationOpportunitiesforFosterYouth:APrimerforPolicymakers.”The Institute for HigherEducationPolicy,2005. http://www.ihep.org/assets/files/publications/m-- ‐ r/OpportunitiesFosterYouth.pdf. 2. Courtney, Mark and Dworsky, Amy.“Assessing the Impact of Extending Care beyond Age18 on Homelessness: Emerging Findings from the Midwest Study”, Chicago: Chapin Hall,2010 http://www.chapinhall.org/sites/default/files/publications/Midwest_IB2_Homelessness.pdf.
Information Collection How are states implementing policies that support youth in transition from foster care? AYPF gathered information from: Outside reports Conversations with state- and local-level service providers Interviews with policymakers and researchers Site visits Discussions with youth Data synthesis Feedback from other events such as webinars and discussion groups
Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act Also known as the Fostering Connections Act. States can choose to provide Title IV-E payments to youth up to age 19, 20, or 21. Title IV-E of the Social Security Act authorized Foster Care and Adoption Assistance programs to provide federal matching funds to states for directly administering these programs. Youth must meet certain education, training, or work requirements to qualify for extended Title IV-E funds.
Fostering Connections: Requirements to Extend Foster Care Title IV-E Payments Up to Age 21 1. Completing secondary education or a program leading to an equivalent credential. 2. Enrolled in an institution which provides post-secondary or vocational education. 3. Participating in a program or activity designed to promote, or remove barriers to, employment. 4. Employed for at least 80 hours per month. 5. Incapable of doing any of the afore mentioned due to a medical condition.
Image excerpted from AYPF’s Creating Access to Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care
Examples of State Variation for Extending Foster Care Services Up to Age 21 Youth has not completed high school. –SD Youth who request from the court to retain jurisdiction to complete a course of treatment. –PA Youth in special circumstances. –CO & MS Youth may chose to stay in care up until 21 years of age. –KS Youth who leave care at age 18 or older may voluntarily return to care at any time before their 21st birthday. –AZ Youth in school or vocational training, or youth who suffer from a disabling condition that places youth at risk and remaining in care is in the youth's best interest. –SC
Challenges, Needs, and Opportunities Three categories of need emerged: 1. Sustainable Social Capital 2. Permanency Supports 3. Postsecondary Opportunities AYPF documented policies and programs across states to meets these needs. Image excerpted from AYPF’s Creating Access to Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care
Recommendation Highlights In order to address these challenges, AYPF made the following recommendations: Highlight a range of postsecondary options Coordinate systems and services Develop professional capacity Engage youth in decision-making Change the Conversation: Transitioning to Opportunities
Opportunities for Youth in Transition from Foster Care: Youth Perspective Panelists: Mary Lee, National Transitional Living Coordinator, Youth Villages Michelle Morgan, Student, University of Memphis Sheemeca Berkley, Great Expectations Advisor, Northern Virginia Community College Marianna Lagenbeck, Student, Northern Virginia Community College
Youth Villages Provides TL in Six States = YV provides TL in the state = YV provides other services in state, but not TL YV WORKS IN 11 STATES & DC AND PROVIDES TL IN 6 OF THOSE STATES MOST YOUNG PEOPLE SERVED ARE IN TENNESSEE Source: Youth Villages’ “Daily Service Capacity and Total Youth Served, By Program by State” as of 6/30/2014 In Tennessee, all young people aging out of care have access to TL. This has developed over the course of 10 years through a public- private partnership with the Day Foundation, the Tennessee Department of Children’s Services, and Youth Villages
“This is one of the largest experimental evaluations ever conducted in the child welfare services field and the largest by far of a program focused on improving the transition to adulthood for foster youth. It will provide invaluable evidence to the field regarding ‘what works’ for foster youth.” Mark Courtney, Ph. D.
Transitional Living Program Information through December 2014 Founded in 1999 with a grant from The Day Foundation, the Transitional Living Program is still supported through private donations including continuing support from The Day Foundation, the employees of Youth Villages (through the Our Family Campaign), and grants from other generous supporters. In 2007, the Tennessee Department of Children’s Services partnered with Youth Villages and the Day Foundation to reach more youth across the state. We have expanded the program to serve youth in six states (Tennessee, Mississippi, North Carolina, Massachusetts, Florida and Georgia)
Only includes youth who received at least 60 days of service. Transitional Living Program School and Employment Status Follow-ups conducted through December 2014 At age 21, nearly a quarter of former foster youth do not have a high school diploma and almost half are unemployed according to the Midwest Study. Indicates the number in school only, in school and working, or working only at the time of follow-up
About Great Expectations An initiative of the Virginia Foundation for Community College Education Launched in 2008 at 5 Virginia Community Colleges Offered at 18 colleges
About Great Expectations Current Great Expectations Virginia Community College locations Blue Ridge Central Virginia Danville Germanna Reynolds John Tyler Lord Fairfax Mountain Empire New River Northern Virginia Patrick Henry Piedmont Virginia Southside Virginia Southwest Virginia Thomas Nelson Tidewater Virginia Highlands Wytheville
About Great Expectations Helps Virginia’s current/former foster youth age 17-24 gain access to community college education. Provides education and employment opportunities that will improve the likelihood of success for foster youth. Offers individual support for at-risk foster teens as they finish high school, leave their foster homes and transition to living on their own.
Great Expectations Offers Participation in workshops, college tours, community service, etc. Individualized tutoring Help with the college admissions/financial aid Career exploration and coaching Job preparation Life skills training Personalized counseling Help with transportation, housing, food, etc.
C Contact Information Sheemeca Berkley, MSW 703.845.6477 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com www.Greatexpectations.vccs.edu