5 accrue(v.) to grow or accumulate over time; to happen as a natural resultaccumulateacquirecollectWhen I was in 6th grade, I accrued enough allowance money to buy my NSYNC concert tickets!
6 annotation(n.) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary workadd notesIt is important to pay attention to the annotations from the editor in the margins of literature in your textbook.
7 bedlam (n.) a state or scene of uproar and confusion chaos If the Astros won the World Series this year, there would be complete bedlam in Houston (at least at my home).
8 covert(adj.) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered, secluded(n.) a sheltered place, a hiding placecoveredclandestineundercoverCIAIn the show “Covert Affairs,” the main character is a CIA operative who works for the Domestic Protection Division, whose operations must be kept secret.
9 debonair(adj.) pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished in manner and appearanceBond, James BondThe James Bond character is known to be very debonair (and popular with the ladies).
10 dun(v.) to demand insistently, especially in payment of a debt;(n.) a creditor(adj.) dark, dull, drab, dingydemanda dungeon (is dark and dull)debt collectorI will be dunned if I miss any of my mortgage payments, and my credit score will go down.
11 efficacious (adj.) effective, producing results effective efficient Although many infomercials try to sell silly and useless items, the P90X and Insanity workout videos appear to be very efficacious.The treatments have been efficacious in her recovery.
12 equanimity (n.) calmness, composure, refusal to panic tranquility When teaching young children, I usually maintain equanimity, but I admit that I occasionally lose my temper.
13 fortuitous (adj.) accidental, occurring by a happy chance unintentionalI chose a fortuitous time to apply for the job as the store owner had just lost two employees and needed to hire someone ASAP.
14 gist (n.) the essential part, main point, or essence “just get to the point”coreBefore paying $10 to seeing a movie at Silverado, I read the summary to get the gist of the story and to decide whether or not I would like it.The picture showed the gist of Newton’s Law of Gravity.
15 gratuitous(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarrantedgratitudegratuitygivenWhen I took my car in for an oil change, the mechanic surprised me with a gratuitous tire rotation as well!I would have enjoyed the action movie, but there was too much gratuitous violence; it would have been just as exciting without all of the blood and gore.
16 imperious(adj.) overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing, compellingimperativepressingI had such an imperious tone when talking to my little cousins that they hated when I had to babysit them.
17 invective (n.) a strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language (adj.) abusive, vituperativeabusiveIn the heat of the moment, people sometimes use invective comments that they regret later on.
18 motley(adj.) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors(n.) a jester’s costume; a jestermanymiscellaneousThe camp was filled with a motley of kids from all walks of life.
19 munificent (adj.) extremely generous, lavish If money is sufficient, then you can be generousThey nicknamed her “Munificent Molly” because of her generosity and charitable spirit.
20 procrastinate (v.) to delay, put off until later stall I procrastinated studying for my vocab test so much that I didn’t end up studying at all, and I failed the test.
21 provocative(adj.) tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoyingprovoke feelingsMany people try to ban provocative books from schools, such as To Kill a Mockingbird for its use of racial slurs and offensive language.You have to be careful what you say when you’re talking about a provocative topic because you might offend someone.
22 recondite (adj.) exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding really complexIn the movie “Good Will Hunting”, Matt Damon’s character is a janitor who is able to solve recondite math problems easily
23 reprobate depraved probation (n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel(adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled(v.) to disapprove of, condemndepravedprobationIf you committed a reprobate crime, the judge may give you probation or jail time.
24 sedentary(adj.) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one placeseatedJohn decided to go to the gym every day after work because of how restless he got at his sedentary job.
25 Workbook pages 120-122 due Monday, 5/20/13. Unit #10 TEST on Wednesday, 5/22/13