“…where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth.” (Luke 1:40) ἀ σ π ά ζομαι (aspazomai) – “greeted” or “saluted” ▪ to salute, greet, bid welcome, wish well to. ▪ to receive joyfully.
Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground. He said, “If I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, do not pass your servant by. Let a little water be brought, and then you may all wash your feet and rest under this tree. Let me get you something to eat, so you can be refreshed and then go on your way—now that you have come to your servant.” (Genesis 18:2-5a)
“So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him. They greeted each other and then went into the tent. Moses told his father-in-law about everything the Lord had done to Pharaoh and the Egyptians for Israel’s sake and about all the hardships they had met along the way and how the Lord had saved them.” (Exodus 18:7-8)
“When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.” (Luke 1:41) “Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven.” (Luke 6:23a)
Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 2:38) “…he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born.” (Luke 1:15b)
► Does this refer to the same thing Christians experience when they are baptized in water? ► How and why was John “filled with the Spirit?” “…he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even before he is born.” (Luke 1:15b)
Creation Jesus’ DeathJesus’ Parousia c. 30 AD???c. 4,000 BC The Old Age The Old Covenant “In the Past” The New Age The New Covenant “Present evil age” Eternal Age Age to come Age of resurrection
The New Age The New Covenant “Present evil age” One characteristic of the new age is a “new” and “different” work of the Holy Spirit as compared to His work under the Old Covenant. Various Old Testament prophets foretold this and so did Jesus Himself. “I will pour out my Spirit on your offspring, and my blessing on your descendants.” (Isaiah 44:3b)
On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him.” By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified. (John 7:37-39)
When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place…Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd…this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: “‘In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people…Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you…And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off - for all whom the Lord our God will call.” (Acts 2:1-39)
No, because John lived and ministered under the Old Covenant and all of the prophecies about the indwelling Holy Spirit make clear that it was to be something new and different compared to the Old Covenant era. For this reason, no one prior to Pentecost received the Spirit in the same way that Christians now do. ► Does this refer to the same thing Christians experience when they are baptized in water?
► Does this refer to the same thing Christians experience when they are baptized in water? ► How and why was John “filled with the Spirit?” Even before the Holy Spirit indwelt believers, which started at Pentecost, He was active in certain people to bring about God’s purposes. We might say that such people were “elected to service” but not to salvation. So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God?” (Genesis 41:38)
Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men: “See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone…” (Jude 14-15a) The Holy Spirit externally equipped people for service. Prophets.
“Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron’s sister… (Exodus 15:21a) “Deborah, a prophetess…was leading Israel at that time.” (Judges 4:4) The Holy Spirit externally equipped people for service. Prophets.
“…the word of the LORD came to Gad the prophet, David’s seer: “Go and tell David, ‘This is what the LORD says…” (II Samuel 24:11b-12) “Asaiah went to speak to the prophetess Huldah…” (II Kings 22:14) The Holy Spirit externally equipped people for service. Prophets.
“Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me.” (Psalm 51:11) The Holy Spirit externally equipped people for service. Prophets. Craftsmen. Administrators. “See, I have chosen Bezalel…and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, with wisdom, with understanding, with knowledge and with all kinds of skills.” (Exodus 31:2-3)
*John lived under the Old Covenant even though he appears in the New Testament. The Holy Spirit externally equipped people for service. Prophets. Craftsmen. Administrators. John the Baptizer*
The Spirit operated externally on him in the same way He did on those chosen for service in the Old Testament. Thus, it was for equipping and empowering him in his unique role (service) of being Messiah’s forerunner. ► How and why was John “filled with the Spirit?” The purpose was not moral and spiritual cleansing (sanctification - the main reason Christians are indwelt) because the Spirit did not do this until after Pentecost.
“When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.” (Luke 1:41) *Image shown is of a 24 week old baby and is not actually John the Baptizer. *
In a loud voice she exclaimed: “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the child you will bear!” (Luke 1:42) μ έ γας (megas) – “loud” or “great” used of intensity and its degrees. of the affections and emotions of the mind. violent, mighty, strong. “This is the first and greatest commandment.” (Matthew 22:38) “This is the first and greatest commandment.” (Matthew 22:38)
“But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? As soon as the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby in my womb leaped for joy.” (Luke 1:43-44) κ ύ ριος (kurios) – “Lord” he to whom a person or thing belongs; master. the sovereign, prince or chief of a region. title of honor expressive of respect and reverence. title given to God.
And Mary said: “My soul glorifies the Lord…” (Luke 1:46) The Magnificat (Latin: magnifies) - also known as the Song of Mary or the Canticle of Mary - is a canticle frequently sung (or spoken) liturgically in church services. Its name comes from the first word of the Latin version of the canticle's text. Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord…” (Luke 1:46 ESV)
▪ God is Lord. ▪ God is Savior. ▪ God is Omniscient. ▪ God is Mighty. ▪ God is Charitable. ▪ God is Holy. ▪ God is Merciful. “for the Mighty One…” (Luke 1:49a) “My soul glorifies the Lord…” (Luke 1:46a) “…for he has been mindful of the humble state of his servant.” (Luke 1:48) “…has done great things for me…” (Luke 1:49b) “…holy is his name.” (Luke 1:49c) “…and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior…” (Luke 1:47a) “His mercy extends to those who fear him…” (Luke 1:50a)
▪ God is Lord. ▪ God is Savior. ▪ God is Omniscient. ▪ God is Mighty. ▪ God is Charitable. ▪ God is Holy. ▪ God is Merciful. “…from generation to generation.” (Luke 1:50b) ▪ God is Faithful. ▪ God is Sovereign. “He has performed mighty deeds with his arm; he has scattered those who are proud in their inmost thoughts. He has brought down rulers from their thrones…” (Luke 1:51-52a)
Replica of Herod’s throneActual photo of God’s footstool
This is what the Lord says: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. Where is the house you will build for me? Where will my resting place be?” (Isaiah 66:1)
▪ God is Lord. ▪ God is Savior. ▪ God is Omniscient. ▪ God is Mighty. ▪ God is Charitable. ▪ God is Holy. ▪ God is Merciful. ▪ God is Faithful. ▪ God is Sovereign. ▪ God is Gracious. ▪ God is Generous. ▪ God is Helpful. “… but has lifted up the humble.” (Luke 1:52b) “He has filled the hungry with good things but has sent the rich away empty.” (Luke 1:53) “…helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful to Abraham and his descendants…” (Luke 1:54-55a)
▪ God is Helpful. The Lord had said to Abram, “Go from your country, your people and your father’s household to the land I will show you. I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” (Genesis 12:1-3) “During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God. God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.” (Exodus 2:23-25) Joshua said to all the people, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘Long ago your ancestors, including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the Euphrates River and worshiped other gods. But I took your father Abraham from the land beyond the Euphrates and led him throughout Canaan and gave him many descendants. I gave him Isaac…” (Joshua 24:2-3) “But the Lord was gracious to them and had compassion and showed concern for them because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.” (II Kings 13:23) “You are the Lord God, who chose Abram and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans and named him Abraham. You found his heart faithful to you, and you made a covenant with him to give to his descendants the land of the Canaanites…” (Nehemiah 9:7-8) “He remembers his covenant forever, the promise he made, for a thousand generations, the covenant he made with Abraham, the oath he swore to Isaac. He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree, to Israel as an everlasting covenant…” (Psalm 105:8-10) “You will be faithful to Jacob, and show love to Abraham, as you pledged on oath to our ancestors in days long ago.” (Micah 7:20)
▪ God is Lord. ▪ God is Savior. ▪ God is Omniscient. ▪ God is Mighty. ▪ God is Charitable. ▪ God is Holy. ▪ God is Merciful. ▪ God is Faithful. ▪ God is Sovereign. ▪ God is Gracious. ▪ God is Generous. ▪ God is Helpful. ▪ God is is Trustworthy. “… just as he promised our ancestors.” (Luke 1:55b)
▪ God is Lord. ▪ God is Savior. ▪ God is Omniscient. ▪ God is Mighty. ▪ God is Charitable. ▪ God is Holy. ▪ God is Merciful. ▪ God is Faithful. ▪ God is Sovereign. ▪ God is Gracious. ▪ God is Generous. ▪ God is Helpful. ▪ God is is Trustworthy. ▪ God is Eternal.
His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God…Coming out of his mouth is a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: King of kings and Lord of lords. (Revelation 19:12-16) ▪ God is Eternal. “…remembering to be merciful to Abraham and his descendants forever, just as he promised our ancestors.” (Luke 1:54b-55) “He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.” (Luke 1:32-33)