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Kennings History of the English Language 100508030 Kelly Huang.

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1 Kennings History of the English Language Kelly Huang

2 Definition A descriptive phrase in place of the ordinary name for something A compound expression in Old English and Old Norse poetry with metaphorical meaning

3 Origin Kenning: late 19th century Old Norse, from kenna 'know, perceive '; related to ken 'know'

4 Introduction A form of compounding in Old English, Old Norse, and Germanic poetry Somewhat like a riddle Particularly common in Old English literature and Viking poetry.

5 Examples The most famous example: hron-rade or hwal-rade ("whale-road")  sea Other examples: Thor-Weapon battle-flame gore-cradle word-hoard

6 Examples The most famous example: hron-rade or hwal-rade ("whale-road")  sea Other examples: Thor-Weapon  a smith's hammer battle-flame gore-cradle word-hoard

7 Examples The most famous example: hron-rade or hwal-rade ("whale-road")  sea Other examples: Thor-Weapon  a smith's hammer battle-flame  the way light shines on swords gore-cradle word-hoard

8 Examples The most famous example: hron-rade or hwal-rade ("whale-road")  sea Other examples: Thor-Weapon  a smith's hammer battle-flame  the way light shines on swords gore-cradle  a battlefield filled with motionless bodies word-hoard

9 Examples The most famous example: hron-rade or hwal-rade ("whale-road")  sea Other examples: Thor-Weapon  a smith's hammer battle-flame  the way light shines on swords gore-cradle  a battlefield filled with motionless bodies word-hoard  a person's eloquence

10 Old Norse kennings: shield-tester prayer-smithy head-anvil

11 Old Norse kennings: shield-tester  warrior prayer-smithy head-anvil

12 Old Norse kennings: shield-tester  warrior prayer-smithy  a man's heart head-anvil

13 Old Norse kennings: shield-tester  warrior prayer-smithy  a man's heart head-anvil  the skull

14 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house") goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors") beadoleoma ("flashing light") beaga-gifa ("ring-giver") battle-sweat hell-serf sky-candle

15 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors") beadoleoma ("flashing light") beaga-gifa ("ring-giver") battle-sweat hell-serf sky-candle

16 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light") beaga-gifa ("ring-giver") battle-sweat hell-serf sky-candle

17 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light")  sword beaga-gifa ("ring-giver") battle-sweat hell-serf sky-candle

18 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light")  sword beaga-gifa ("ring-giver")  a lord battle-sweat hell-serf sky-candle

19 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light")  sword beaga-gifa ("ring-giver")  a lord battle-sweat  blood hell-serf sky-candle

20 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light")  sword beaga-gifa ("ring-giver")  a lord battle-sweat  blood hell-serf  demon sky-candle

21 Anglo-Saxon kennings: banhus ("bone-house")  body goldwine gumena ("gold-friend of warriors")  a generous prince beadoleoma ("flashing light")  sword beaga-gifa ("ring-giver")  a lord battle-sweat  blood hell-serf  demon sky-candle  sun

22 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles" "rug-rats" "tramp-stamps" "bible-thumpers"

23 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats" "tramp-stamps" "bible-thumpers"

24 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps" "bible-thumpers"

25 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps" "bible-thumpers"

26 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps"  trashy tattoos "bible-thumpers"

27 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps"  trashy tattoos "bible-thumpers"

28 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps"  trashy tattoos "bible-thumpers"  loud preachers or intolerant Christians

29 Less common in Modern English Some common modern examples: "beer-goggles“  the way one's judgment of appearances becomes hazy while intoxicated "rug-rats"  children "tramp-stamps"  trashy tattoos "bible-thumpers"  loud preachers or intolerant Christians

30 Reference Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms /glossary_djvu.txt /glossary_djvu.txt Oxford Dictionaries ning ning Literary Terms and Definitions: K content/uploads/2012/05/Thor-Avengers.jpg content/uploads/2012/05/Thor-Avengers.jpg

31 Reference grats-logo.jpg grats-logo.jpg you-wonder-why-im-called-a-rugrat-thumb.jpg you-wonder-why-im-called-a-rugrat-thumb.jpg content/uploads/2010/10/male_tramp_stamps_5.jp g content/uploads/2010/10/male_tramp_stamps_5.jp g gedheart1.jpg gedheart1.jpg


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