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Understanding Comparison How are modifiers used in comparisons? What are the degrees of comparison? Regular comparison Irregular comparison Solving common.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding Comparison How are modifiers used in comparisons? What are the degrees of comparison? Regular comparison Irregular comparison Solving common."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding Comparison How are modifiers used in comparisons? What are the degrees of comparison? Regular comparison Irregular comparison Solving common modifier problems Review A Review B

2 How are modifiers used in comparisons? If you’ve ever played the game Twenty questions, you’ve used modifiers to make comparisons.modifiers Is it larger than a skate?Is it smaller than an ambulance?

3 A modifier gives more information about a word or word group. Adjective How are modifiers used in comparisons? Noun Verb Adverb The patient children waited quietly. Patient tells “what kind” of children. The patient children waited quietly. Quietly tells “how” the children waited.

4 One way we compare is by changing the forms of modifiers. How are modifiers used in comparisons? A comparison shows how two or more things are alike or different. A scooter is smaller than an ambulance. A scooter is smaller than an ambulance but bigger than a skate.

5 Those flowers are pretty. Positivepretty Comparativeprettier Superlativeprettiest What are the degrees of comparison? They’re the prettiest flowers I’ve ever seen! A modifier can have three different degrees, or forms: positive, comparative, and superlative. They’re prettier than the flowers we saw yesterday.

6 What are the degrees of comparison? Positive The positive degree is the basic form of the modifier. The balloon climbed high into the air. Lisa is a young girl.

7 What are the degrees of comparison? Comparative The comparative degree compares one thing or action with another. Our balloon climbed higher than the other one. Lisa is younger than her brother.

8 The superlative degree is used to compare more than two things or actions. What are the degrees of comparison? Superlative That balloon climbed the highest of all. Lisa is the youngest person in her family.

9 1.The subway would be faster than the bus. 2.Kendra is the tallest girl on the basketball team. 3.We arrived at the game early. Tell whether each modifier is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Be prepared to explain what is being compared. 4.Jimmie works more quickly than Kim does. What are the degrees of comparison?

10 Faster is the comparative degree of fast. The subway is being compared with the bus. Tell whether each modifier is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Be prepared to explain what is being compared. What are the degrees of comparison? 1.The subway would be faster than the bus.

11 Tell whether each modifier is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Be prepared to explain what is being compared. Tallest is the superlative degree of tall. Kendra is being compared with all the other girls on the basketball team. What are the degrees of comparison? 2.Kendra is the tallest girl on the basketball team.

12 Tell whether each modifier is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Be prepared to explain what is being compared. Early is the positive degree. There is no comparison. This sentence simply tells when we arrived at the game. What are the degrees of comparison? 3.We arrived at the game early.

13 More quickly is the comparative degree of quickly. Jimmie’s work speed is being compared with Kim’s. What are the degrees of comparison? 4.Jimmie works more quickly than Kim does. Tell whether each modifier is in the positive, comparative, or superlative degree. Be prepared to explain what is being compared.

14 Superlative brightest slowest cutest Comparative brighter slower cuter Most one-syllable modifiers Regular comparison Positive bright slow cute form the comparative by adding –er form the superlative by adding –est

15 Here’s a way to remember which form of a modifier to use. Regular comparison When comparing two things, use –er (the two-letter ending). When comparing three or more, use –est (the three-letter ending). This knife is sharper than that one. That knife is the sharpest of all.

16 Superlative fanciest easiest most often most cheerful Comparative fancier easier more often more cheerful Some two-syllable modifiers Regular comparison form the comparative by adding –er or by adding more form the superlative by adding –est or by adding most Positive fancy easy often cheerful

17 form the comparative by adding more Superlative most powerful most skillfully most delicate most creatively Comparative more powerful more skillfully more delicate more creatively If a modifier has three or more syllables Regular comparison Positive powerful skillfully delicate creatively form the superlative by adding most

18 More and –er and most and–est show increases. To show decreases in the quality a modifier expresses, use less and least. Regular comparison Decreasing comparison The red sweater is less expensive than the gray one. The pink sweater is the least expensive of all.

19 Regular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each modifier. Be prepared to explain your answers. 1.proud 3.tasty 2.generous 4.grateful

20 Regular comparison One-syllable modifiers form the comparative by adding –er and form the superlative by adding –est. Decreasing comparisons are formed using less and least. Give the comparative and superlative forms of each modifier. Be prepared to explain your answers. 1.proud, prouder, proudest less proud, least proud

21 Regular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each modifier. Be prepared to explain your answers. Modifiers with three or more syllables form the comparative using more and form the superlative using most. Decreasing comparisons are formed using less and least. 2.generous, more generous, most generous less generous, least generous

22 Regular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each modifier. Be prepared to explain your answers. Some two-syllable modifiers can form their comparative and superlative by using either –er and –est or more and most. Decreasing comparisons are formed using less and least. 3.tasty, tastier, tastiest less tasty, least tasty

23 Regular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each modifier. Be prepared to explain your answers. Some two-syllable modifiers form the comparative using more and form the superlative using most. Decreasing comparisons are formed using less and least. 4.grateful, more grateful, most grateful less grateful, least grateful

24 Regular comparison [End of Section] Complete each sentence by supplying the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. 1. The Moon is the Earth’s __________ neighbor in space. (near) 2.Seen from the Earth, the full Moon is __________ than the new moon. (bright) 3.We notice the Moon ____________ when it is full than when it is new. (frequently) 4.The moons of some other planets move __________ than our Moon. (slowly) On Your Own

25 Regular comparison Answers Complete each sentence by supplying the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. 1. The Moon is the Earth’s __________ neighbor in space. (near) 2.Seen from the Earth, the full Moon is __________ than the new Moon. (bright) 3.We notice the Moon _______________ when it is full than when it is new. (frequently) 4.The moons of some other planets move __________ than our Moon. (slowly) nearest brighter more frequently more slowly

26 The comparative and superlative degrees of some common modifiers are irregular in form. Irregular comparison PositiveComparativeSuperlative badworseworst good betterbest well much moremost many

27 Irregular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each of the following modifiers. Be prepared to explain your answers. 1.bad 3.good 2.well 4.many

28 Irregular comparison The comparative and superlative forms of bad are irregular. They are worse and worst. Give the comparative and superlative forms of each of the following modifiers. Be prepared to explain your answers. 1.bad, worse, worst

29 Irregular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each of the following modifiers. Be prepared to explain your answers. 2.well, better, best The comparative and superlative forms of well are irregular. They are better and best.

30 Irregular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each of the following modifiers. Be prepared to explain your answers. The comparative and superlative forms of good are irregular. They are better and best. 3.good, better, best

31 Irregular comparison Give the comparative and superlative forms of each of the following modifiers. Be prepared to explain your answers. The comparative and superlative forms of many are irregular. They are more and most. 4.many, more, most

32 Irregular comparison [End of Section] Complete each sentence by supplying the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. 1. Of all the instruments she can play, Judy plays the flute __________. (well) 2.Gina’s cold is __________ today than it was yesterday. (bad). 3.The judges awarded a prize for the __________ essay. (good). 4.I have __________ baseball cards than she does. (many) On Your Own

33 Complete each sentence by supplying the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. 1. Of all the instruments she can play, Judy plays the flute __________. (well) 2.Gina’s cold is __________ today than it was yesterday. (bad) 3.The judges awarded a prize for the __________ essay. (good) 4.I have __________ baseball cards than she does. (many) Irregular comparison Answers best worse best more

34 Use good to modify a noun or a pronoun. Solving common modifier problems Good and well The modifiers good and well have different uses. The weather was good for hiking. Noun If you want a pear, here is a good one. Pronoun The weather was good for hiking. If you want a pear, here is a good one.

35 The jazz band plays well. Use well to modify a verb. Solving common modifier problems Good and well Verb Jen did well in most of her classes. Verb Jen did well in most of her classes.

36 Well can also mean “in good health.” When well has this meaning, it modifies a noun or pronoun. Solving common modifier problems Good and well Is the baby well today? In this sentence, well modifies the noun baby.

37 Solving common modifier problems Double comparisons Avoid double comparisons. Using both –er and more is incorrect. Using both –est and most is also incorrect. Her hair is more redder than her brother’s. The chili was the most popularest food at the fair. Incorrect Her hair is redder than her brother’s. Correct The chili was the most popular food at the fair. Correct

38 most interesting?interestingest? faster?more faster? Solving common modifier problems Double comparisons To correct a double comparison, first decide whether the comparative and superlative forms of the modifier use –er and –est or more and most. Your bike is more faster than mine. That was the most interestingest show I ever saw. Then, delete the unnecessary part. or

39 Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons 1.Today was (more rainier, rainier) than yesterday. 2.The farm had a (good, well) crop this year. 3.Liang cooks many foods (good, well). For each sentence, choose the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Be prepared to explain your answers. 4.That story was the (scariest, most scariest) of all.

40 For each sentence, choose the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Be prepared to explain your answers. Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons 1.Today was (more rainier, rainier) than yesterday. To form the comparative of rainy, add –er only, not both more and –er.

41 For each sentence, choose the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Be prepared to explain your answers. Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons Use good to modify the noun crop. 2.The farm had a (good, well) crop this year.

42 For each sentence, choose the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Be prepared to explain your answers. Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons Use well to modify the verb cooks. 3.Liang cooks many foods (good, well).

43 For each sentence, choose the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Be prepared to explain your answers. Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons To form the superlative of scary,add –est, not most and –est. 4.That story was the (scariest, most scariest) of all.

44 [End of Section] On Your Own Proofread each sentence for the correct use of modifiers. If you find an error, correct it. If a sentence is already correct, label it C. 1. Jamal looked good after recovering from the flu. 2.The Moon looks more beautifuller tonight. 3.My sister writes poetry well. 4.As it rained, the river rose more rapidlier. 5. Our team played good at the tournament. Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons

45 Proofread each sentence for the correct use of modifiers. If you find an error, correct it. If a sentence is already correct, label it C. 1. Jamal looked good after recovering from the flu. 2.The moon looks more beautifuller tonight. 3.My sister writes poetry well. 4.As it rained, the river rose more rapidlier. 5. Our team played good at the tournament. Answers Solving common modifier problems Good and well/Double comparisons well beautiful rapidly C well

46 Review A Complete each sentence by providing the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. 1.Yesterday was the __________ day of my entire life. (good) 2.Which runs __________, the cheetah or the lion? (fast) 3.This piñata is decorated __________ than the other one. (beautifully) 4.This is the __________ stamp in Ray’s collection. (valuable) 5.We had __________ fun at the concert than we did at the game. (much)

47 1.Yesterday was the __________ day of my entire life. (good) 2.Which runs __________, the cheetah or the lion? (fast) 3.This piñata is decorated _______________ than the other one. (beautifully) 4.This is the _____________ stamp in Ray’s collection. (valuable) 5.We had __________ fun at the concert than we did at the game. (much) Complete each sentence by providing the correct form of the modifier in parentheses. Review A best faster more beautifully most valuable more

48 Review B [End of Section] 1.Tamika performed good at the gymnastics meet. 2.The butler is the most interestingest character in the film. 3.She hit the ball less harder last time. 4.Doug’s grades were good this semester. 5.Flora arrived more sooner than I did. Correct the errors in the use of modifiers in the following sentences. If a sentence is already correct, label it C. 6.The colorful kite flew the most high in the sky.

49 4.Doug’s grades were good this semester. 5.Flora arrived more sooner than I did. Review B Correct the errors in the use of modifiers in the following sentences. If a sentence is already correct, label it C. 1.Tamika performed good at the gymnastics meet. 2.The butler is the most interestingest character in the play. 3.She hit the ball less harder last time. 6.The colorful kite flew the most high in the sky. well hard C est

50 The End


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