Presentation on theme: "Animal Rights. Get outta my way !! Just because our companions on this planet cannot speak, does not mean that we can do whatever we want or feel with."— Presentation transcript:
Just because our companions on this planet cannot speak, does not mean that we can do whatever we want or feel with them. Even a cursory reflection on animals reminds us what an enrichment they bring to our existence.
The horse was a key player in the opening up of our country and in our army
The sheep provided our nation with a strong financial start.
Captain Cook kept a pet goat, and took it home on retirement!!
Many of us grew up in homes with our pets. in homes with our pets.
Animals are an integral part of creation, as see in the formative passages in the book of beginnings, Genesis. Both creation sagas include animals. The duty of humans is to be a co-governor with God of the created order. In these stories only vegetation is to be eaten by humans.
It is not till after the great flood that God makes a new agreement with Noah and animals become part of our diet.
Zoophily….the humane treatment of animals. The first national Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) was inaugurated in 1824 by Arthur Broome. Broome, an Anglican Priest wrote in the prospectus for the society:
‘The infliction of pain on any living creature Is incompatible with Divine benevolence.’ The Society was deliberately founded on Christian principles.
Those who minister in Christ’s name minister to the vulnerable and weak… As they minister to Christ himself…(Matt 25). Could it not follow then, that this paradigm of generous, costly service could also flow on to human dominion over the animal world. ?
Realisation that animals are – like some humans- also vulnerable, unprotected, undefended, and morally innocent compels in us a response of moral generosity.
Timeline Plotinus in the 3rd century, refused medical treatments derived from animals Plotinus in Raphael's School at Athens
If you have men who will exclude any of God's creatures from the shelter of compassion and pity, you will have men who will deal likewise with will deal likewise with their fellow men. ~ St. Francis of Assisi 1223ce
Leonardo da Vinci’s 1452-1519 Describing man, he finds "we are of almost the same species, as Apes, Monkeys and the like…". In "Studies on the Life and Habits of Animals" Leonardo ascribes emotional and moral characteristics to animals, suggesting perhaps the superiority of some over men: "The huge elephant has by nature what is rarely found in man; that is Honesty, Prudence, Justice…".
1875 - National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS)
Mark Twain, 1900 Mark Twain, 1900 Scientific Research / Pains of Lowly Life ‘I believe I am not interested to know whether Vivisection produces results that are profitable to the human race or doesn't. To know that the results are profitable to the race would not remove my hostility towards it.’
NAVS say that "millions of animals suffer and die in cruel, unscientific, and futile experiments. The NAVS advocates the prohibition of all animal experiments and, pending the achievement of this aim, we may support partial measures of reform which would provide steps towards the abolition of vivisection."
SPCA The first Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Australia was formed in Victoria. Tasmania 1872 NSW 1873 South Australia 1875 Queensland 1883 Western Australia 1892
RSPCA Act was formed in 1955 1956 the societies were given the Royal Warrant and the became known as the Royal Societies for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
AVWA, Western Australia's ANTI- VIVISECTION society since 1929!
Non-animal research methods that are available. Non-animal research methods that are available. Epidemiologic Studies Epidemiologic Studies Clinical Research Clinical Research In-Vitro Research In-Vitro Research Computer Modelling Computer Modelling Replacing Animals in Safety Tests Replacing Animals in Safety Tests
Pig Farming Most of Australia’s 340,000 breeding pigs spend all or part of their 16 week pregnancy in a sow stall. Most of Australia’s 340,000 breeding pigs spend all or part of their 16 week pregnancy in a sow stall. Current Questionable Practices
Shortly before giving birth, the sow is moved into an even narrower pen called a farrowing crate, which separates the sow from her piglets. Shortly before giving birth, the sow is moved into an even narrower pen called a farrowing crate, which separates the sow from her piglets.
When the piglets are weaned, the sow is impregnated and returned to the sow stall where the cycle starts again. When the piglets are weaned, the sow is impregnated and returned to the sow stall where the cycle starts again.
At 5-6 months of age the piglets are transported to the abattoir to be slaughtered. At 5-6 months of age the piglets are transported to the abattoir to be slaughtered.
Only around one quarter of Australian pig producers do not use sow stalls at all. Only around one quarter of Australian pig producers do not use sow stalls at all.
Chickens Over 480 million chickens are killed for their flesh in Australia every year. Over 480 million chickens are killed for their flesh in Australia every year.
Birds are selectively bred to grow much faster than their bodies can cope.
Eggs aren’t really all they're cracked up to be either. In Australia, around 11 million hens are locked in tiny wire cages (called battery cages) with up to 5 other birds. In Australia, around 11 million hens are locked in tiny wire cages (called battery cages) with up to 5 other birds.
Cattle Feedlots are factory farms for cattle. Cattle may spend up to a year in these miserable places before being slaughtered as 'grain fed' beef. Feedlots are factory farms for cattle. Cattle may spend up to a year in these miserable places before being slaughtered as 'grain fed' beef. Every year roughly 9 Every year roughly 9 million cattle are killed for meat in Australia.
At 2 years of age, a young female cow is impregnated. When her calf is born he is taken away within 24 hours of birth and usually killed before he is even five days old. She is then reimpregnated 6-9 weeks later, and this cycle continues until she can no longer produce enough milk to be considered a ‘profitable unit’. Then, she too is killed.
Sheep Australia has more sheep than any other country on the planet, roughly 82 million. Young lambs are routinely Young lambs are routinely subjected to painful surgical procedures without pain relief.
Around 33 million sheep are killed every year for their flesh in Australia. That’s 13 million adults and 20 million lambs. Around 33 million sheep are killed every year for their flesh in Australia. That’s 13 million adults and 20 million lambs.
Kangaroo There are 48 species of macropods (kangaroos) in Australia. Of these only 4 can be commercially harvested. There are 48 species of macropods (kangaroos) in Australia. Of these only 4 can be commercially harvested.
On the 18 th May 2009 6000 Kangaroos were culled not harvested on an army training camp near Canberra. On the 18 th May 2009 6000 Kangaroos were culled not harvested on an army training camp near Canberra. The killings were intended to protect endangered plants and insects that share the grassy habitat with the kangaroos. The killings were intended to protect endangered plants and insects that share the grassy habitat with the kangaroos.
The Debate What is important? What should be done? Do any go far enough?
Social effects of increased awareness of animal rights “ animal protection is potentially the next great social justice movement” David Wiesbrot AM President the Australian law reform commission
Vegetarians Becoming a vegetarian may be a health issue However It may be ethical, related to environmental reasons related to environmental reasons related to animal protection related to animal protection eating animal products and flesh is wrong eating animals that have not been cared for with respect and compassion is wrong
Vegetarians Vegetarians Semi-vegetarians i.e. flexitarians Semi-vegetarians i.e. flexitarians Choosing to eat free-range chickens and other humanely treated animals when available. Ovo-lacto vegetarians Ovo-lacto vegetarians Do not eat any animals but do eat eggs and /or dairy products Vegans Vegans Eat no animal products, no dairy, no honey Fruitarians Fruitarians Eat only fruit and fruit type vegetable, e.g. tomatoes and cucumbers Raw / Living foodists Raw / Living foodists Eat only raw food, because enzymes are destroyed by normal cooking processes
Impact of Animal protection lobbying Woolworths and the ban of caged eggs Woolworths and the ban of caged eggs August 2009 Woolworths announce no cage eggs in their ‘Woolworths select’ range of products.
Jump Racing Currently there are attempts to ban horse jumps racing in Victoria and South Australia as they are the only states continuing this sport. It causes horse injuries and death.
Use of Animals in Entertainment Movies Movies Disclaimer at the end of movies started after a horse died after plunging down a cliff in a 1940 movie Circuses Circuses Animal protection societies regulate the care and protection of performing animals Theatre Theatre Treatment care and protection of animals regulated
Internet sources People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. http://www.peta.org/ Voiceless: The Animal Protection Institute http://www.voiceless.org.au American Humane Association http://www.americanhumane.org