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Curs 11: Aşteptări şi satisfacerea lor în parsarea discursului Dan Cristea Selecţie de sliduri.

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Presentation on theme: "Curs 11: Aşteptări şi satisfacerea lor în parsarea discursului Dan Cristea Selecţie de sliduri."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Curs 11: Aşteptări şi satisfacerea lor în parsarea discursului Dan Cristea Selecţie de sliduri

3 Expectations and Incremental Discourse Parsing Cristea and Webber, EACL-1998 Cristea et al, Venice-2003 Cristea et al, CICLING-2005

4 Incremental discourse parsing The principle of sequenciality A left to right reading of the terminal frontier of the tree associated with a discourse must correspond to the span of text it analyses in the same left-to-right order. 6

5 Incremental discourse parsing - a TAG inspired approach Adjoining to the right frontier  a1a1 00 00 11 a aa * ’’ a aa 11 7 (Polanyi, 1988)

6 Substitution in case of free expectations k+1 k. Although Bill would have wanted it, k   k+1. John sold his bicycle to somebody else. k ’’ k+1

7 Expectations-driven incremental parsing a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, d. then if Clinton wants to get your vote, e. he will assure you with great sincerity that he holds that position too. a b EVIDENCE c de ANT-CONS 8 (Cristea and Webber, 1998)

8 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. a b EVIDENCE * b. He is a natural born campaigner. 9 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

9 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. a b EVIDENCE c. If you hold some position on an issue, c EVIDENCE * 10 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

10 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, a b EVIDENCE c 11 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

11 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS ? 12 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

12 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. a b EVIDENCE c. If you hold some position on an issue, EVIDENCE * c ANT-CONS ? 13 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

13 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS ? d. he will assure you with great sincerity that he holds that position too. 14 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

14 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, d. he will assure you with great sincerity that he holds that position too. a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS d 15 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

15 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, d. then if Clinton wants to get your vote, d ANT-CONS ? a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS ? 16 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

16 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, d. then if Clinton wants to get your vote, e. he will assure you with great sincerity that he holds that position too. d ANT-CONS a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS ? 17 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

17 a. Clinton is bound to win the elections. b. He is a natural born campaigner. c. If you hold some position on an issue, d. then if Clinton wants to get your vote, e. he will assure you with great sincerity that he holds that position too. d ANT-CONS a b EVIDENCE c ANT-CONS e 18 Expectations-driven incremental parsing

18 What can cue-phrases tell us about structure? [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] Reproduced from (Cristea and Webber,1998) because -, because, (Marcu, 1997, 2000; Cristea et al., 2003, 2005)

19 What can cue-phrases tell us about structure? [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] 2 3 whenever -, whenever,

20 What can cue-phrases tell us about structure? [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] , - for example , for example

21 What can cue-phrases tell us about structure? [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] There are only two trees that can be obtained after considering all constraints: 1 -, - for example 2 3 whenever -, - 4 because -, , - for example whenever -, - because, whenever, 23, for example 123 because, whenever, 23, for example 23 4

22 The incremental generation of the first interpretation [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] 1 because -, - [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] 2 whenever -, - ? *

23 1 ? because -, - [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] 2 whenever -, - 3 [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] The incremental generation of the first interpretation

24 1 ? 3 because -, - [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] 2 whenever -, - 4 [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] The incremental generation of the first interpretation

25 1 ? 3 4 because -, - [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] 2 whenever -, - [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] The incremental generation of the first interpretation

26 [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] 1 because -, - 2 whenever -, - [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] The incremental generation of the second interpretation

27 [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] 1 because -, - 2 whenever -, - [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] 3 -, - for example * The incremental generation of the second interpretation

28 [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] 1 because -, - 2 whenever -, - 3 -, - for example [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] 4 The incremental generation of the second interpretation

29 [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] 1 because -, - 2 whenever -, - 3 -, - for example 4 [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] The incremental generation of the second interpretation

30 [Because John is such a generous man 1 ] [– whenever he is asked for money, 2 ] [he will give whatever he has, for example 3 ] [– he deserves the “Citizen of the year” award. 4 ] 1 -, - for example 2 3 whenever -, - 4 because -, , - for example whenever -, - How can references help in discovering the structure? DEA=1 4 DEA=1 2 3 DEA=1 2 DEA=2 4 DEA=2 3 DEA=1 2 wrong right

31 How can references help in discovering the structure? a. Because Mary was upset, b. even if John agreed, c. they didn’t speak to one another for several days. c a b V=(a)c DEA=ac a b c V=(a)(b)c DEA=abc right wrong

32 Incremental parallel processing NP-chunkerAR-engine segmentatoredts-builder disc. parsersummarizer (Cristea et al., 2005)

33 VT guides an incremental discourse parsing The tree resulted after parsing is the one which manifests: –the more natural overall references over the discourse structure –the smoothest overall CT transitions on veins (Cristea, 2000; Cristea et al., 2003, 2005)

34 coherence cohesion reference score transitions score The discourse parser implements a „beam search“ N N trees observing markers‘ well- formedness constraints


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