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LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA.

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Presentation on theme: "LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA

2 SEVENTH LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
AN OVERVIEW LOCATION IN SOUTH ASIA MAINLY ON INDIAN PLATE NORTEHRN PORTION IN INDO-AMERICAN PLATE SITUATION 8O 4’N & 37O 6’N 68O 7’E & 97O 25’E AREA 31,66,414 Sq. Kms. SEVENTH LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD

3 AN OVERVIEW North to South : 3,214 Kms. & East to West : 2,933 Kms.
Land Frontier : 15,200 Kms. & Coast-line : 7,517 Kms. Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Laccadive Sea INDIAN OCEAN

4 INDIAN OCEAN Karakoram Range Himalayan Mountain Range
Ladakh Karakoram Range Punjab Plain & Thar Desert Aravalli Range Himalayan Mountain Range Chin & Kachin Hills Malwa Plateau INDO- GANGETIC PLAIN Khasi & Mizo Hills Satpura Range Chhot-nagpur Plateau Runn of Kutch Vindhya Range Sunderban Arabian Sea Deccan Plateau Eastern Ghats Bay of Bengal Western Ghats Laccadive Sea INDIAN OCEAN

5 LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA
UTILISATION FROM TRANSPORT SECTOR

6 RAILWAYS- Railway Tracks, Stations, Workshops, Godowns, etc.
MAJOR LAND USERS IN TRANSPORT SECTOR RAILWAYS- Railway Tracks, Stations, Workshops, Godowns, etc. ROADWAYS- Roads, Fuel Pump Stations, Toll Plazas, Utilities, etc. AIRWAYS- Airports, Runways, Workshops, etc. WATERWAYS- Ports, Workshops, Godowns, etc.

7 ROAD SECTOR 4.69 Mn. Kms. TOTAL ROAD NETWORK : THIRD LARGEST NETWORK
DENSITY : 0.66 Km./Sq. Km. NHs : ,739 Kms.(Appx.) SHs : 1,63,898 Kms.(Appx.) OTHER PWD ROADS URBAN ROADS RURAL ROADS PROJECT ROADS

8 RIBBON DEVELOPMENT

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12 CONTROL OF RIBBON DEVELOPMENT – LAND RELATED MEASURES
PROVISION OF ADEQUATE LAND WIDTH FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT PROVISION FOR SERVICE ROAD FOR LOCAL TRAFFIC CONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITIES

13 Plain & Rolling Country Mountainous & Steep Terrain
LAND WIDTH FOR DIFFERENT CLAASES OF ROADS Class of Roads Land Width(in Mtrs.) Plain & Rolling Country Mountainous & Steep Terrain Rural Areas Urban Areas Normal Range Exceptional NHs & SHs 45 30-60 30 24 18 20 MDRs 25 25-30 15-25 15 12 ODRs 15-20 9 Village Roads 12-18 10 10-15

14 TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL’S RECOMMENDATION
SERVICE ROADS PARALLEL SERVICE ROADS FOR 2-WAY TRAFFIC SHOULD BE PLANNED AS ESSENTIAL PART OF ANY SCHEME FOR ERECTING BUILDINGS & FACTORIES ON THE LAND ABUTTING THE HIGHWAY. TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL’S RECOMMENDATION STATE GOVERNMENTS COULD ENSURE BY STIPULATING CONDITION WHILE GRANTING PERMISSION FOR BUILDINGS/FACTORIES

15 CONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITY
ROAD WIDTH (No Structure) BUILDING LINE (No Building Activity) CONTROL LINE (No Building above 13 Mtrs.)

16 STANDARDS FOR BUILDING LINE & CONTROL LINE
Class of Roads Plain & Rolling Terrain Mountainous & Steep Terrain Distance between Road Land Boundary and Building Line Rural Areas Urban & Industrial Areas Urban Areas Width between Building Lines Width between Control Lines Distance between Road Land Boundary & Control Line Normal Exceptional NHs & SHs 80 150 3-6 5 3 MDRs 50 100 ODRs 25/30 35 --- Village Roads 25 30

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18 EXISITING PRACTICE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL HIGHWAYS
LAND IS A SUBJECT INCLUDED IN STATE LIST CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS IS MANDATED FOR BUILDING, MAINTENANCE, MANAGEMENT & OPERATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS

19 Section 2 – Declaration of National Highways
NATIONAL HIGHWAYS ACT, 1956 (48 of 1956) Section 2 – Declaration of National Highways sub-section (1) – NHs Specified in Schedule sub-section (2) – Provision for Addition of new NHs sub-section (3) – Provision for Omission of existing NHs Section 4 –National Highways to vest on Union includes- (i) All Lands appurtenant thereto, whether demarcated or not; (ii) All Bridges, culverts, tunnels, causeways, carriageways & other structures; (iii) All fences, trees, posts and boundary, furlong & mile stones of such highways or any land appurtenant to such highways.

20 CRITERIA FOR DECLARATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS :-
Roads running through the length and breadth of the country; Roads connecting adjacent countries; Roads connecting the National Capital with State Capitals and roads connecting mutually the State Capitals; Roads connecting major ports, non-major ports, large industrial or tourist centers; Roads meeting very important strategic requirement in hilly and isolated areas; Arterial roads enabling sizeable reduction in travel distance and achieve substantial economic growth thereby;

21 National Highways grid of 100 km is achieved;
Roads which help opening up large tracts of backward area and hilly regions(other than strategically important ones); National Highways grid of 100 km is achieved; The road must be upto the standard laid down for SHs - both in its technical requirements and land requirements; Existing Right of Way(RoW) should be the property of the State Govt. and must be generally free of encroachments; RoW required for NHs must be available for acquiring, free of encroachments and the State Govt. would complete acquiring formalities within six months. If additional RoW is required for developing the road to NH standards, the State Govt. would complete the acquisition expeditiously after sanctioning of estimates therefor.

22 Processing Proposals for declaration of NHs are finalised in
consultation with M/o Finance & Plg. Commission M/o Finance concurs from expenditure angle involved In future development of the NHs to be declared Plg. Commission considers :- Available infrastructure; Justification for such declaration; Formation of National Highways Grid; Overall & balanced development of NHs; Financial aspect during the relevant Plan Period.

23 STEPS OF LAND ACQUISITION FOR NH
Under Section 3 of NH Act, 1956 3.(a) – Authorisation of Competent Authority 3A – Power to acquire land for NH - Intention notified 3B – Power to enter into land for Survey, etc. 3C – Hearing of Objections, received in writing within 21 days 3D – Declaration of Acquisition within one year - Land shall vest absolutely in Central Govt. - Not questionable in any Court of law

24 3F – Legal right to enter into land for works
3E – Power to take Possession by 60 days Notice - Provision of enforcement through Law & Order 3F – Legal right to enter into land for works 3G – Determination of Amount of Compensation - Notice to Claimants - Factors taken into consideration spelt out - Provision of Arbitration 3H – Deposit & Payment of Compensation - Provision for referring disputes to Civil Court

25 SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT ON CARDS :- CONTROLS ENTRY & EXIT
EXPRESSWAYS - CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAYS SIX OR EIGHT LANE HIGHWAYS CONTROLS ENTRY & EXIT SLIP ROADS FOR ENTRY & EXIT DESIGN OF SLIP ROADS INCORPORATED IN THE DESIGN OF HIGHWAY HIGHEST CLASS IN INDIAN ROADS NETWORK

26 16 E-WAYS OPERATING Kms. 16 MORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION Kms. ALL E-WAYS AS KNOWN TO US ARE NOT E-WAYS IN TRUE SENSE, AS THESE DO NOT HAVE ACCESS CONTROL ACCESS CONTROL = TOLL COLLECTION

27 EXISTING NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYS
Sl. No. E-way No. Route States covered Length (In Kms.) Remarks 1. NE-I Ahmedabd - Vadodara Gujarat 93 Under Operation 2. NE-II Kundli – Manesar - Palwal Uttar Pradesh and Haryana 134 Identified for development and construction APPROVED NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYS Sl. No. Section Length(In Kms.) 1. Vadodara - Mumbai 400 2. Bengaluru - Chennai 334 3. Delhi – Meerut 66 4. Kolkata – Dhanbad 277

28 11TH FYP STIPULATED TO CONSIDER :-
ESTABLISHING EXPRESSWAY AUTHORITY MASTERPLAN FOR 15,600 Kms. OF E-WAY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT :- HAS INITIATED ACTION FOR LEGAL FRAMEWORK TO ESTABLISH EXPRESSWAY AUTHORITY OF INDIA HAS ACCEPTED RECOMMENDATION FOR COMPLETION OF 18,637 Kms. OF E-WAY IN 3 PHASES BY YEAR 2022

29 UNPLANNED LAND USE

30 MY VIEWS LAND USE PLANNING AT MICRO LEVEL
EVERY LAND USING SECTOR TO IDENTIFY VIABILITY IN DIMINISHING MANNER IN A MAP USING SHADES SUCH SHADED MAPS CAN BE SUPER-IMPOSED OVER EACH-OTHER TO DETERMINE OPTIMAL LAND USE

31 AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY OVERLAPPED

32 PRIMARY SECTORS TO COMPROMISE MUTUALLY SO AS TO ARRIVE AT MOST
PRIORITY FOR ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS PRIMARY SECTORS TO COMPROMISE MUTUALLY SO AS TO ARRIVE AT MOST OPTIMAL LAND USE TO ENSURE BALANCED AND OVERALL NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRANSPORT SECTORS MAY PLAN CONNECTIVITY CONSIDERING REQUIREMENTS OF OTHER SECTORS

33 ECONOMY IN LAND USE FROM ROADS SECTOR
RAILWAYS COULD BE IMPROVED TO ENSURE FASTER MOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS AND GOODS BY RAIL & ROADS ALONGSIDE RAILWAYS COULD BE MINIMISED RADIAL ROADWAYS CONVERGING TO RAILHEADS COULD BE PLANNED

34 SLANT STRUCTURE OF ROADS COULD BE REPLACED BY
VERTICAL STRUCTURE ELEVATED ROADS COULD BE MAXIMISED AND THE SPACE BENEATH SUCH ROADS COULD BE UTILISED FOR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES

35 SUCH INNOVATIONS COULD ALSO BE THOUGHT OF

36 THANK YOU


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