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LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA. LOCATION IN SOUTH ASIA MAINLY ON INDIAN PLATE NORTEHRN PORTION IN INDO-AMERICAN PLATE SITUATION 8 O 4’N & 37 O 6’N 68 O 7’E &

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Presentation on theme: "LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA. LOCATION IN SOUTH ASIA MAINLY ON INDIAN PLATE NORTEHRN PORTION IN INDO-AMERICAN PLATE SITUATION 8 O 4’N & 37 O 6’N 68 O 7’E &"— Presentation transcript:

1 LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA

2 LOCATION IN SOUTH ASIA MAINLY ON INDIAN PLATE NORTEHRN PORTION IN INDO-AMERICAN PLATE SITUATION 8 O 4’N & 37 O 6’N 68 O 7’E & 97 O 25’E AREA 31,66,414 Sq. Kms. SEVENTH LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD AN OVERVIEW

3 North to South : 3,214 Kms. & East to West : 2,933 Kms. AN OVERVIEW Land Frontier : 15,200 Kms. & Coast-line : 7,517 Kms. INDIAN OCEAN Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Laccadive Sea

4 Himalayan Mountain Range Chin & Kachin Hills Khasi & Mizo Hills INDIAN OCEAN Bay of Bengal Laccadive Sea Arabian Sea Karakoram Range Western Ghats Eastern Ghats Aravalli Range Satpura Range Vindhya Range Chhot- nagpur Plateau Malwa Plateau Deccan Plateau INDO- GANGETIC PLAIN Ladakh Runn of Kutch Sunderban Punjab Plain & Thar Desert

5 LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA UTILISATIO N FROM TRANSPORT SECTOR

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7 TOTAL ROAD NETWORK : 4.69 Mn. Kms. THIRD LARGEST NETWORK DENSITY : 0.66 Km./Sq. Km. NHs : 79,739 Kms. (Appx.) SHs : 1,63,898 Kms. (Appx.) PROJECT ROADS OTHER PWD ROADS ROAD SECTOR URBAN ROADS RURAL ROADS

8 RIBBON DEVELOPMENT

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12 CONTROL OF RIBBON DEVELOPMENT – LAND RELATED MEASURES PROVISION OF ADEQUATE LAND WIDTH FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT PROVISION FOR SERVICE ROAD FOR LOCAL TRAFFIC CONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITIES

13 Class of Roads Land Width(in Mtrs.) Plain & Rolling CountryMountainous & Steep Terrain Rural AreasUrban AreasRural AreasUrban Areas NormalRangeNormalRangeNormalExceptionalNormalExceptional NHs & SHs MDRs ODRs Village Roads LAND WIDTH FOR DIFFERENT CLAASES OF ROADS

14 PARALLEL SERVICE ROADS FOR 2-WAY TRAFFIC SHOULD BE PLANNED AS ESSENTIAL PART OF ANY SCHEME FOR ERECTING BUILDINGS & FACTORIES ON THE LAND ABUTTING THE HIGHWAY. TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL’S RECOMMENDATION STATE GOVERNMENTS COULD ENSURE BY STIPULATING CONDITION WHILE GRANTING PERMISSION FOR BUILDINGS/FACTORIES SERVICE ROADS

15 ROAD WIDTH (No Structure) BUILDING LINE (No Building Activity) CONTROL LINE (No Building above 13 Mtrs.) CONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITY

16 Class of Roads Plain & Rolling Terrain Mountainous & Steep Terrain Distance between Road Land Boundary and Building Line Rural Areas Urban & Industrial Areas Rural AreasUrban Areas Width between Building Lines Width between Control Lines Distance between Road Land Boundary & Control Line NormalExceptionalNormalExceptional NHs & SHs MDRs ODRs 25/ Village Roads STANDARDS FOR BUILDING LINE & CONTROL LINE

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18 EXISITING PRACTICE LAND IS A SUBJECT INCLUDED IN STATE LIST CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN MINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYS IS MANDATED FOR BUILDING, MAINTENANCE, MANAGEMENT & OPERATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS

19 NATIONAL HIGHWAYS ACT, 1956 (48 of 1956) Section 2 – Declaration of National Highways sub-section (1) – NHs Specified in Schedule sub-section (2) – Provision for Addition of new NHs sub-section (3) – Provision for Omission of existing NHs Section 4 –National Highways to vest on Union includes- (i) All Lands appurtenant thereto, whether demarcated or not; (ii) All Bridges, culverts, tunnels, causeways, carriageways & other structures; (iii) All fences, trees, posts and boundary, furlong & mile stones of such highways or any land appurtenant to such highways.

20 CRITERIA FOR DECLARATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS :- Roads running through the length and breadth of the country; Roads connecting adjacent countries; Roads connecting the National Capital with State Capitals and roads connecting mutually the State Capitals; Roads connecting major ports, non-major ports, large industrial or tourist centers; Roads meeting very important strategic requirement in hilly and isolated areas; Arterial roads enabling sizeable reduction in travel distance and achieve substantial economic growth thereby;

21 Roads which help opening up large tracts of backward area and hilly regions( other than strategically important ones ); National Highways grid of 100 km is achieved; The road must be upto the standard laid down for SHs - both in its technical requirements and land requirements; Existing Right of Way(RoW) should be the property of the State Govt. and must be generally free of encroachments; RoW required for NHs must be available for acquiring, free of encroachments and the State Govt. would complete acquiring formalities within six months. If additional RoW is required for developing the road to NH standards, the State Govt. would complete the acquisition expeditiously after sanctioning of estimates therefor.

22 Proposals for declaration of NHs are finalised in consultation with M/o Finance & Plg. Commission M/o Finance concurs from expenditure angle involved In future development of the NHs to be declared Plg. Commission considers :- Available infrastructure; Justification for such declaration; Formation of National Highways Grid; Overall & balanced development of NHs; Financial aspect during the relevant Plan Period. Processing

23 STEPS OF LAND ACQUISITION FOR NH Under Section 3 of NH Act, (a) – Authorisation of Competent Authority 3A – Power to acquire land for NH - Intention notified 3B – Power to enter into land for Survey, etc. 3C – Hearing of Objections, received in writing within 21 days 3D – Declaration of Acquisition within one year - Land shall vest absolutely in Central Govt. - Not questionable in any Court of law

24 3G – Determination of Amount of Compensation - Notice to Claimants - Factors taken into consideration spelt out - Provision of Arbitration 3H – Deposit & Payment of Compensation - Provision for referring disputes to Civil Court 3E – Power to take Possession by 60 days Notice - Provision of enforcement through Law & Order 3F – Legal right to enter into land for works

25 SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT EXPRESSWAYS - CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAYS ON CARDS :-

26 16 E-WAYS OPERATING Kms. 16 MORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION Kms. ALL E-WAYS AS KNOWN TO US ARE NOT E-WAYS IN TRUE SENSE, AS THESE DO NOT HAVE ACCESS CONTROL ACCESS CONTROL = TOLL COLLECTION

27 EXISTING NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYS APPROVED NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYS

28 11 TH FYP STIPULATED TO CONSIDER :- ESTABLISHING EXPRESSWAY AUTHORITY MASTERPLAN FOR 15,600 Kms. OF E-WAY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT :- HAS INITIATED ACTION FOR LEGAL FRAMEWORK TO ESTABLISH EXPRESSWAY AUTHORITY OF INDIA HAS ACCEPTED RECOMMENDATION FOR COMPLETION OF 18,637 Kms. OF E-WAY IN 3 PHASES BY YEAR 2022

29 UNPLANNED LAND USE

30 MY VIEWS LAND USE PLANNING AT MICRO LEVEL EVERY LAND USING SECTOR TO IDENTIFY VIABILITY IN DIMINISHING MANNER IN A MAP USING SHADES SUCH SHADED MAPS CAN BE SUPER-IMPOSED OVER EACH-OTHER TO DETERMINE OPTIMAL LAND USE

31 INDUSTRYAGRICULTURE OVERLAPPED

32 PRIORITY FOR ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS PRIMARY SECTORS TO COMPROMISE MUTUALLY SO AS TO ARRIVE AT MOST OPTIMAL LAND USE TO ENSURE BALANCED AND OVERALL NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT TRANSPORT SECTORS MAY PLAN CONNECTIVITY CONSIDERING REQUIREMENTS OF OTHER SECTORS

33 ECONOMY IN LAND USE FROM ROADS SECTOR RAILWAYS COULD BE IMPROVED TO ENSURE FASTER MOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS AND GOODS BY RAIL & ROADS ALONGSIDE RAILWAYS COULD BE MINIMISED RADIAL ROADWAYS CONVERGING TO RAILHEADS COULD BE PLANNED

34 SLANT STRUCTURE OF ROADS COULD BE REPLACED BY VERTICAL STRUCTURE ELEVATED ROADS COULD BE MAXIMISED AND THE SPACE BENEATH SUCH ROADS COULD BE UTILISED FOR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES

35 SUCH INNOVATIONS COULD ALSO BE THOUGHT OF

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