2SEVENTH LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD AN OVERVIEWLOCATIONIN SOUTH ASIAMAINLY ON INDIAN PLATENORTEHRN PORTION IN INDO-AMERICAN PLATESITUATION8O 4’N & 37O 6’N68O 7’E & 97O 25’EAREA31,66,414 Sq. Kms.SEVENTH LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD
3AN OVERVIEW North to South : 3,214 Kms. & East to West : 2,933 Kms. Land Frontier : 15,200 Kms.&Coast-line : 7,517 Kms.Arabian SeaBay of BengalLaccadive SeaINDIAN OCEAN
4INDIAN OCEAN Karakoram Range Himalayan Mountain Range LadakhKarakoram RangePunjab Plain&Thar DesertAravalli RangeHimalayan Mountain RangeChin & Kachin HillsMalwa PlateauINDO-GANGETICPLAINKhasi & Mizo HillsSatpura RangeChhot-nagpur PlateauRunn of KutchVindhya RangeSunderbanArabian SeaDeccan PlateauEastern GhatsBay of BengalWestern GhatsLaccadive SeaINDIAN OCEAN
5LAND RESOURCES IN INDIA UTILISATIONFROMTRANSPORT SECTOR
6RAILWAYS- Railway Tracks, Stations, Workshops, Godowns, etc. MAJOR LAND USERS IN TRANSPORT SECTORRAILWAYS- Railway Tracks, Stations, Workshops, Godowns, etc.ROADWAYS- Roads, Fuel Pump Stations, Toll Plazas, Utilities, etc.AIRWAYS- Airports, Runways, Workshops, etc.WATERWAYS- Ports, Workshops, Godowns, etc.
7ROAD SECTOR 4.69 Mn. Kms. TOTAL ROAD NETWORK : THIRD LARGEST NETWORK DENSITY : 0.66 Km./Sq. Km.NHs : ,739 Kms.(Appx.)SHs : 1,63,898 Kms.(Appx.)OTHER PWD ROADSURBAN ROADSRURAL ROADSPROJECT ROADS
12CONTROL OF RIBBON DEVELOPMENT – LAND RELATED MEASURES PROVISION OF ADEQUATE LAND WIDTH FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENTPROVISION FOR SERVICE ROAD FOR LOCAL TRAFFICCONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITIES
13Plain & Rolling Country Mountainous & Steep Terrain LAND WIDTH FOR DIFFERENT CLAASES OF ROADSClass of RoadsLand Width(in Mtrs.)Plain & Rolling CountryMountainous & Steep TerrainRural AreasUrban AreasNormalRangeExceptionalNHs &SHs4530-6030241820MDRs2525-3015-251512ODRs15-209Village Roads12-181010-15
14TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL’S RECOMMENDATION SERVICE ROADSPARALLEL SERVICE ROADS FOR 2-WAY TRAFFIC SHOULD BE PLANNED AS ESSENTIAL PART OF ANY SCHEME FOR ERECTING BUILDINGS & FACTORIES ON THE LAND ABUTTING THE HIGHWAY.TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL’S RECOMMENDATIONSTATE GOVERNMENTS COULD ENSURE BY STIPULATING CONDITION WHILE GRANTING PERMISSION FOR BUILDINGS/FACTORIES
15CONTROL OF BUILDING ACTIVITY ROAD WIDTH(No Structure)BUILDING LINE(No Building Activity)CONTROL LINE(No Building above 13 Mtrs.)
16STANDARDS FOR BUILDING LINE & CONTROL LINE Class of RoadsPlain & Rolling TerrainMountainous & Steep TerrainDistance between Road Land Boundary and Building LineRural AreasUrban & Industrial AreasUrban AreasWidth between Building LinesWidth between Control LinesDistance between Road Land Boundary & Control LineNormalExceptionalNHs&SHs801503-653MDRs50100ODRs25/3035---Village Roads2530
18EXISITING PRACTICE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL HIGHWAYS LAND IS A SUBJECT INCLUDED IN STATE LISTCENTRAL GOVERNMENTINMINISTRY OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND HIGHWAYSIS MANDATED FORBUILDING, MAINTENANCE, MANAGEMENT & OPERATIONOFNATIONAL HIGHWAYS
19Section 2 – Declaration of National Highways NATIONAL HIGHWAYS ACT, 1956(48 of 1956)Section 2 – Declaration of National Highwayssub-section (1) – NHs Specified in Schedulesub-section (2) – Provision for Addition of new NHssub-section (3) – Provision for Omission of existing NHsSection 4 –National Highways to vest on Unionincludes-(i) All Lands appurtenant thereto, whether demarcated or not;(ii) All Bridges, culverts, tunnels, causeways, carriageways &other structures;(iii) All fences, trees, posts and boundary, furlong & mile stonesof such highways or any land appurtenant to such highways.
20CRITERIA FOR DECLARATION OF NATIONAL HIGHWAYS :- Roads running through the length and breadth of the country;Roads connecting adjacent countries;Roads connecting the National Capital with State Capitalsand roads connecting mutually the State Capitals;Roads connecting major ports, non-major ports, largeindustrial or tourist centers;Roads meeting very important strategic requirement inhilly and isolated areas;Arterial roads enabling sizeable reduction in travel distanceand achieve substantial economic growth thereby;
21National Highways grid of 100 km is achieved; Roads which help opening up large tracts of backwardarea and hilly regions(other than strategically important ones);National Highways grid of 100 km is achieved;The road must be upto the standard laid down for SHs -both in its technical requirements and land requirements;Existing Right of Way(RoW) should be the property of theState Govt. and must be generally free of encroachments;RoW required for NHs must be available for acquiring, freeof encroachments and the State Govt. would completeacquiring formalities within six months. If additional RoWis required for developing the road to NH standards, theState Govt. would complete the acquisition expeditiouslyafter sanctioning of estimates therefor.
22Processing Proposals for declaration of NHs are finalised in consultation with M/o Finance & Plg. CommissionM/o Finance concurs from expenditure angle involvedIn future development of the NHs to be declaredPlg. Commission considers :-Available infrastructure;Justification for such declaration;Formation of National Highways Grid;Overall & balanced development of NHs;Financial aspect during the relevant Plan Period.
23STEPS OF LAND ACQUISITION FOR NH Under Section 3 of NH Act, 19563.(a) – Authorisation of Competent Authority3A – Power to acquire land for NH- Intention notified3B – Power to enter into land for Survey, etc.3C – Hearing of Objections, received in writingwithin 21 days3D – Declaration of Acquisition within one year- Land shall vest absolutely in Central Govt.- Not questionable in any Court of law
243F – Legal right to enter into land for works 3E – Power to take Possession by 60 days Notice- Provision of enforcement through Law & Order3F – Legal right to enter into land for works3G – Determination of Amount of Compensation- Notice to Claimants- Factors taken into consideration spelt out- Provision of Arbitration3H – Deposit & Payment of Compensation- Provision for referring disputes to Civil Court
25SCOPE FOR IMPROVEMENT ON CARDS :- CONTROLS ENTRY & EXIT EXPRESSWAYS - CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAYSSIX OR EIGHT LANE HIGHWAYSCONTROLS ENTRY & EXITSLIP ROADS FOR ENTRY & EXITDESIGN OF SLIP ROADS INCORPORATEDIN THE DESIGN OF HIGHWAYHIGHEST CLASS IN INDIAN ROADS NETWORK
2616 E-WAYS OPERATING Kms.16 MORE UNDER CONSTRUCTION Kms.ALL E-WAYS AS KNOWN TO US ARE NOTE-WAYS IN TRUE SENSE, AS THESE DO NOTHAVE ACCESS CONTROLACCESS CONTROL = TOLL COLLECTION
27EXISTING NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYS Sl. No.E-way No.RouteStates coveredLength(In Kms.)Remarks1.NE-IAhmedabd - VadodaraGujarat93Under Operation2.NE-IIKundli – Manesar - PalwalUttar Pradesh and Haryana134Identified for development and constructionAPPROVED NATIONAL EXPRESSWAYSSl. No.SectionLength(In Kms.)1.Vadodara - Mumbai4002.Bengaluru - Chennai3343.Delhi – Meerut664.Kolkata – Dhanbad277
2811TH FYP STIPULATED TO CONSIDER :- ESTABLISHING EXPRESSWAY AUTHORITYMASTERPLAN FOR 15,600 Kms. OF E-WAYCENTRAL GOVERNMENT :-HAS INITIATED ACTION FOR LEGALFRAMEWORK TO ESTABLISHEXPRESSWAY AUTHORITY OF INDIAHAS ACCEPTED RECOMMENDATION FORCOMPLETION OF 18,637 Kms. OF E-WAYIN 3 PHASES BY YEAR 2022
30MY VIEWS LAND USE PLANNING AT MICRO LEVEL EVERY LAND USING SECTOR TO IDENTIFYVIABILITY IN DIMINISHING MANNER IN A MAPUSING SHADESSUCH SHADED MAPS CAN BE SUPER-IMPOSEDOVER EACH-OTHER TO DETERMINE OPTIMALLAND USE
32PRIMARY SECTORS TO COMPROMISE MUTUALLY SO AS TO ARRIVE AT MOST PRIORITY FOR ENVIRONMENT & FORESTSPRIMARY SECTORS TO COMPROMISEMUTUALLY SO AS TO ARRIVE AT MOSTOPTIMAL LAND USE TO ENSUREBALANCED AND OVERALL NATIONALDEVELOPMENTTRANSPORT SECTORS MAY PLANCONNECTIVITY CONSIDERINGREQUIREMENTS OF OTHER SECTORS
33ECONOMY IN LAND USE FROM ROADS SECTOR RAILWAYS COULD BE IMPROVED TO ENSURE FASTERMOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS AND GOODS BY RAIL&ROADS ALONGSIDE RAILWAYS COULD BE MINIMISEDRADIAL ROADWAYS CONVERGING TO RAILHEADSCOULD BE PLANNED
34SLANT STRUCTURE OF ROADS COULD BE REPLACED BY VERTICAL STRUCTUREELEVATED ROADS COULD BE MAXIMISED AND THESPACE BENEATH SUCH ROADS COULD BE UTILISEDFOR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES