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Islamic Awareness Introduction to Islam and Muslims.

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Presentation on theme: "Islamic Awareness Introduction to Islam and Muslims."— Presentation transcript:

1 Islamic Awareness Introduction to Islam and Muslims

2  Islam Means submission. Muslim is the one who submits himself to Allah [God]  1.2 billion Muslims worldwide  80% of Muslims are non-Arabs  Indonesia is the largest Muslim country

3 Islam in the UK  Approx 2.4 million Muslims [3%]  Mainly from Asian sub-continent  In 1891 there were 4037 Muslims settled in the UK  The first UK Mosque established in 1860 in Cardiff  Approx 3000 Mosques/Islamic centres today

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6 Key Beliefs  One God  The Prophet Mohammed as the last messenger of God [Jesus, Moses Abraham etc are all Prophet’s of God]  The Quran as the last of all revelations  Previous revelations like the Gospels, Psalms and Torah all were revelations from God.  Belief in Hereafter [Heaven and Hell]

7 The Five Pillars of Islam  Shahadah: Declaration of Faith [Belief in one God and Mohammed as His Prophet]  Salah- 5 daily acts of worship  Zakah- Annual Charity Donation [2.5% of savings]  Sawm- Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan  Hajj- At least once in a lifetime pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca [Saudi Arabia]

8 1. Shahadah  Declaration of Faith  Not necessarily a special ceremony  ‘I testify that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, and Mohammed [peace be upon Him] is His Messenger’

9 2. Salah/Worship  5 times a day in congregation or single [Congregation is preferred]  Each Prayer has a fixed time window  Time variations depending on length of day [window is longer in summer than in winter]  The call to Prayer [AZAN] is called prior to each Prayer  Main Congregational worship is Friday [Jummah]  Perform Ablution [Wudhu] prior to Prayers  Direction towards the Kaba in Mecca [Saudi Arabia]

10 Ablution [Wudhu]  Washing both hands and arms [upto the elbow]  Washing the face. A miswak is used to clean the mouth  Passing wet hands over the head/hair  Washing both feet

11  Fajr  Zohar  Asar  Maghrib  Isha

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13 Points Regarding Prayer When a Muslim is at Prayer he connects solely to Allah and will not respond to voices or calls from those around him When a Muslim is at Prayer he connects solely to Allah and will not respond to voices or calls from those around him Walking in front of a person who is praying should be avoided Walking in front of a person who is praying should be avoided A typical act of worship takes A typical act of worship takes mins mins.

14 3. Zakah [Charity]  Each wealthy Muslim is required to pay 2.5% of his/her annual savings to the poor

15 4. Sawm – Fasting  Muslims fast the whole month of Ramadhan  Month is Lunar rather than solar [29 or 30 days]  A fast consists of avoiding eating, drinking or sexual relations during light hours  Those who are elderly, weak, ill, frail or undertaking a journey need not fast

16 5. Hajj – Pilgrimage  Muslims should perform Hajj at least once in a lifetime  The Hajj period is fixed [once a year]  It is the largest annual human gathering [2-3 million people]

17 Hajj Route

18 The Quran  Revealed to Prophet Mohammed  Revealed and recited in Arabic  Translated in many languages  Respected by Muslims  Placed on a high place [never on the floor]  Should be touched with clean hands/clean gloves

19 The Prophet Mohammed [Peace be upon him]  Born in Mecca [570]  Received first revelation at age 40  The last and final Prophet of Allah  Migrated to Medina [622]  Died in and buried in Medina [632]

20 DIET- HALAL  The term HALAL means lawful  The term HARAM means unlawful  Halal includes all fruit, veg, eggs, fish and certain animals when ritually slaughtered  Haram includes pig/pork and by-products, alcohol, animals not ritually slaughtered, all meat eating animals etc.  There should be no cross contamination between Halal and Haram  Kosher meat is also Halal/permissible for Muslims to consume

21 Conditions for Halal Slaughter  Slaughterer is Muslim  Supplication offered [symbolising permission and authority]  The animal is alive at the time of slaughter

22 Common Questions/Issues  Dog Searches  Cross gender searches  Prayers in Workshops/Education  Prayers during patrol state  Terrorism/Extremism/Suicide Bombings  Shariah Law


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