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2/June/2014 Advances in Radioactive Isotope Science (ARIS2014) the University of Tokyo S. Watanabe A K. Minomo, M. Shimada, S. Tagami, B M. Kimura, C M. Takechi, D M. Fukuda, E D. Nishimura, F T. Suzuki, T. Matsumoto, Y. R. Shimizu, and M. Yahiro Kyushu Univ., A RCNP, B Hokkaido Univ., C Nigata Univ., D Osaka Univ., E Tokyo Univ. of Sci., F Saitama Univ. Ground-State Properties of Mg Isotopes in and beyond the Island of Inversion through Reaction Cross Sections

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Nuclear deformation 1/12 Measurements for unstable nuclei are not easy. rotation E2

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Systematic measurement 2/12 P. Doornenbal et al., PRL111, 212502 (2013). E(2+) and E(4+) were measured, for example, for Mg isotopes. SEASTAR project Shell Evolution And Search for Two-plus energies At RIBF http://www.nishina.riken.jp/collaboration/SUNF LOWER/experiment/seastar/index.html for example Systematic measurements for E(2+), E(4+) are quite important to clarify the structure of unstable nuclei such as magicity. Systematic measurements of σ R in addition to E(2+) and E(4+)

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Nuclear deformation can be determined from σ R. Projectile （ Spherical ） Target （ 12 C ） Projectile (Deformed) cf. Angular Momentum Projection Deformation and σ R Deformation enhances σ R. 3/12

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M. Takechi et al., PLB 707, 357 (2012). 20-32 Ne + 12 C at 240MeV/nucleon σ I for 20-32 Ne were measured systematically. Experiment Recent studies for 10 Ne isotopes σ I were analyzed theoretically. K. Minomo et al., PRL 108, 052503 (2012). AMD + Double Folding Model 4/12 Exp. M. Takechi et al., PLB 707, 357 (2012). Theory AMD AMD-RGM spherical-HF island of inversion 31 Ne: Deformed halo 29-32 Ne: Large deformation W. Horiuchi et al., PRC 86, 024614 (2012). Y. Urata et al., PRC 86, 044613 (2012). Skyrme-HF + Glauber Particle Rotor Model + Glauber W. Horiuchi, PS1-B008 (June 3)

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Motivation 1 (by measurements) 5/12 M. Takechi et al., EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02101 (2014). Since, in the isotopes, precise measurements were recently made not only for σ R but also for E(2+) and E(4+). P. Doornenbal et al., PRL111, 212502 (2013). In this talk, I analyze Mg isotopes from 24 to 40 with the microscopic framework. 24-40 Mg

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6/12 Measurements σ R E(2+) and E(4+) Microscopic framework AMD Double Folding Model Motivation 2 (theoretical points) 24-40 Mg N=28 magicity?N=20 magicity?

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AMD (Antysimmetrized Molecular Dynamics) DFM (Double Folding Model) Gogny D1S Angular Momentum Projection Generator Coordinate Method Melbourne g-matrix Microscopic framework Energy variation Initial state Deformed density ProjectileTarget ( 12 C) 7/12 We calculate various observables microscopically. Masaaki Kimura, (Next speaker) Shape Coexistence in the vicinity of 44 S Optical potentials Projectile densities

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Exp. M. Takechi, EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02101 (2014). Deformation effect is significant for σ R. AMD well reproduces the measured σ R. 37 Mg? A Mg+ 12 C, E lab =240MeV/nucleon 8/12 Results: σ R for Mg (Z=12) AMD (w/ deformation) spherical-HF (w/o deformation) For 37 Mg, AMD underestimates the experimental data. due to deformation “Deformed halo”? Maya Takechi, PS2-A017 in Poster Session 2 (June 5)

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9/12 AMD results for Mg isotopes B.E./nucleon SnSn Exp. P. Doornenbal et al., PRL111, 212502 (2013). E(2+) E(4+) Exp. G. Audi et al., Chin. Phys. C 36, 1157 (2012). AMD is highly reliable particularly for β 2. AMD is applied to calculate E(2+), E(4+), B.E./nucleon, and S n.

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N=20 N=28 Big jump of σ R from N=18 to 19 From big jump of β 2 Entrance of the island of inversion M. Takechi et al., PLB 707, 357 (2012). Deformation by AMD Deformation keeps large upto N=28. Consistent with E(4+)/E(2+) 〜 3.1 “Peninsula of large deformation” P. Doornenbal et al., PRL111, 212502 (2013). 12 10 β 2 for Ne and Mg isotopes 10/12 Exp. M. Takechi, EPJ Web of Conferences 66, 02101 (2014).

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N=28 magicity?N=20 magicity? Peninsula of large deformation 11/12 N=20 and N=28 magicities may disappear.

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We have analyzed Mg isotopes with the microscopic framework. AMD calculations reproduce experimental data on σ R, E(2+) and E(4+), B.E. and S n systematically. Therefore, AMD is highly reliable. Summary 12/12 As an experimental tool of probing the deformation strength, measurements of σ R are also quite useful in addition to measurements of 2+ and 4+ excitation energies. AMD calculations show that the island of inversion starts with N=19 and there exists a “peninsula of large deformation” between N=19 to 28.

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