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© 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 1 Robotics

2 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 2 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 2 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 2 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 2 Gates believes that robotics today is like the world of computers 30 years ago. Robotics, like computers in the 1970s, have widespread applications in industry, but the models available for home users tend to be expensive and have appeal mainly for tinkerers and hobbyists. Gates foresees a world 30 years from now where home robots are as ubiquitous and indispensable as windows computers and Microsoft Office. Drug stores in Canada have implemented and are operating robotic pharmacies. Scientific America – December 2006 Robotics

3 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 3 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 3 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 3 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 3 Robotics

4 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 4 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 4 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 4 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 4 Robotics

5 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 5 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 5 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 5 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 5 Robotics In the United States Military Looking Into The Future

6 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 6 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 6 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 6 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 6 Introducing robots that fight fires, climb ladders, search for bombs, and race across the battlefield. The technological singularity is near, say military strategists.

7 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 7 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 7 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 7 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 7 CHARLi You haven't seen flying, swimming, and fighting robots like these before. The Department of Defense is expanding its robotics research with new initiatives to develop machines that can drive, climb, extinguish fires, or perform other automated tasks. The ultimate goal includes using robots in dangerous situations that would otherwise put U.S. soldiers at risk. In two recent developments, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) launched a “grand challenge” for robot builders, and the Naval Research Laboratory opened its Laboratory for Autonomous Systems Research (LASR), which will focus on cutting-edge research in robotics and autonomous systems. DARPA is offering a $2 million prize to build a robot capable of using human tools and navigating disaster-response scenarios. Contestants' robots will be required to travel across rubble, remove debris from a blocked entryway, and climb a ladder, for example.

8 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 8 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 8 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 8 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 8 The new Naval Research Laboratory facility will be used to develop robots for use by the Navy, Marines, and other branches of the DOD. Its work is consistent with the National Robotics Initiative, a federal effort to develop robots to help solve problems in defense, space, health, and manufacturing. The U.S. military has been working on humanoid robots for years. Students at Virginia Tech College of Engineering's Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory (RoMeLa), with funding from DARPA, produced CHARLi. The human- looking, five-foot-tall robot can walk upright. In many cases, military robots have applications outside of the battlefield. Last year, CHARLi helped Virginia Tech take home the gold from the Robocup soccer tournament in Istanbul. A humanoid form isn't required in the challenge, but DARPA does plan to provide a hardware platform with arms, legs, torso, and head to some entrants. A previous DARPA challenge produced several automobiles that were capable of driving themselves and a four legged robot called Cheetah, developed by Boston Dynamics with DARPA funding, recently achieved a galloping speed of up to 18 miles per hour, a new record for legged robots.

9 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 9 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 9 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 9 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 9 Fire-Fighting Robot: SAFFiR The Navy has tapped Virginia Tech's robot team to turn CHARLi into a robot that can perform fire-fighting duties. Known as SAFFiR (Shipboard Autonomous Firefighting Robot), the mechanical firefighter will be able to walk and climb, feature a gas sensor and infrared camera to see through smoke, and be programmed to receive commands wirelessly from a remote controller. Walk, Climb, Sense Gas, See Through Smoke, Commanded Wirelessly

10 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 10 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 10 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 10 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 10 Disaster-Response Robots DARPA's Robotics Challenge seeks to develop robots that are capable of responding to dangerous situations and assisting with disaster response. Competitors are expected to create robots that can use common hand tools and equipment

11 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 11 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 11 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 11 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 11 Running Robot: Cheetah If publicity can go to a robot's head, then Cheetah should be one proud mechanical feline. Developed by Boston Dynamics, which was spun off from MIT's robotics laboratory several years ago, Cheetah recently garnered accolades as the "fastest robot in the world" when it set a record at 18 mph. Cheetah is just one of the so-called "legged squad support system" robot technology being developed for the military, with potential for domestic police work.

12 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 12 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 12 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 12 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 12 Big Dog staggered but stayed upright and a robo-star was born. Big Dog and its two siblings, Alphadog and Littledog, together represent the army's effort to develop robotic replacements for the pack mule. Walking Robot: Big Dog Boston Dynamic's Big Dog became something of a YouTube sensation when a video showed its human developer kicking it in the side as it strode around the lab.

13 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 13 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 13 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 13 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 13 With its sealed body, RHex can climb in rock fields, mud, sand, and vegetation, across railroad tracks, up telephone poles, slopes, and stairways. RHex is controlled remotely at distances up to 700 meters, and IR cameras and illuminators provide front and rear views from the robot Crawling robot: RHex Some robots have been tapped for military service. The army has begun testing Boston Dynamic's RHex--a six-legged, 30-pound crawling robot inspired by the cockroach--in Afghanistan.

14 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 14 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 14 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 14 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 14 Rolling/jumping robot: Sand Flea Also deployed to Afghanistan for testing is another in Boston Dynamic's insect-inspired robots, the Sand Flea. This rolling robot can jump up to 30 feet high, over walls or onto rooftops. The Sand Flea weighs 11 pounds and can jump 25 times per battery charge. Vertically Jump Up to 30 Feet Jump Over Walls and Onto Roofs 25 Jumps per Battery Charge Weighs 11 Pounds

15 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 15 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 15 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 15 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 15 Throwable Robot: Recon Scout ReconRobotics recently received a $1.7 million contract from the U.S. Marine for 126 of its Recon Scouts. The Recon Scout weighs 1.2 lbs and can be thrown into any environment, from which it transmits real-time video to help examine vehicle undercarriages, inspect bunkers and caves, and evaluate suspected IEDs. Light-weight – 1.2 Pounds/545 Grams Meant to be Thrown – Over or Under Things Transmits Real-Time Video

16 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 16 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 16 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 16 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 16 Humanoid Robot: Petman Boston Dynamics describes Petman as "the first anthropomorphic robot that moves dynamically like a real person." It can walk upright or crawl on all fours, and was demonstrated doing push-ups. Petman already has a big brother by the name of Atlas. It's possible that humanoid robots used in DARPA's Grand Challenge will be based on Petman or CHARLi. Human Physical Characteristics and Movements Walk Upright Crawl on All Fours

17 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 17 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 17 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 17 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 17 Human Augmentation: Ekso Skeleton Ekso Bionics, a spin-off from Berkeley's robotics lab, has received research grants from the DOD and licensed technology to Lockheed Martin, in connection with its body- enhancing robot, Ekso Skeleton. Originally intended to help soldiers in the field in terms of strength, endurance, and surviving catastrophic wounds, Ekso Bionics markets its technology commercially as an aid to paraplegics. Assists Human Movement Provides Added Strength Suitable for Paraplegics

18 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 18 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 18 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 18 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 18 Biomimicing Robot: DASH Cockroaches have a reputation for being indestructible. That could explain DASH (Dynamic Autonomous Sprawled Hexapod), a cockroach-like robot developed by the Biomimetic Millisystems Lab at University of California, Berkeley. DASH is small (10 cm) but fast (15 body lengths per second) and resilient (it can survive ground impact of 10 meters per second). Besides the creepiness factor, the crawling robots might be used as nodes on a dispersed network. Small – 4 Inches (10 cm) Fast – 15 Body Lengths per Second (5 feet per second) Strong – Survive Ground Impact of 33 Feet per Second (32 foot fall)

19 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 19 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 19 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 19 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 19 Biomimicing Robot: DASH+WINGS There are several robotics labs working on flying-insect robots, including Harvard and Ohio State University/Wright Paterson Air Force Base. But Berkeley's Biomimetic Millisystems Lab did it the easy (or less hard) way, by attaching wings on its cockroach robot DASH. Gives new meaning to the term "wireless network.“ FLYING DASH Additional Mobility

20 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 20 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 20 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 20 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 20 Meet Lucas Greg Trafton, a roboticist with the Navy Center for Allied Research in Artificial Intelligence, demonstrates Lucas, a humanoid robot, at the Navy's Laboratory for Autonomous Systems Research. According to LASR, Lucas is a "computerized cognitive" robot, which means he's designed to act and react the way a person might. Lucas has a female counterpart, Octavia. Cognitive Robot Acts and Reacts Like Humans However It Is Designed By Engineers

21 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 21 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 21 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 21 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 21 TerraMax In Afghanistan and Iraq, the Army has used robotic ground systems to transport gear, navigate rough terrain, monitor remote areas, and search for roadside bombs. Pictured here is the TerraMax autonomous vehicle made by defense contractor Oshkosh. Robotic Vehicles Navigate Terrain Search for Roadside Bombs

22 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 22 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 22 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 22 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 22 Robojelly Scientists at the University of Texas at Dallas and Virginia Tech have built a jellyfish- inspired robot that can refuel itself. Robojelly, developed with funding by the Office of Naval Research, has two hemispherical canopies, which are made of silicone and are connected to artificial muscles that contract when heated. Artificial Muscles React to Heat

23 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 23 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 23 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 23 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 23 Asteroid Mining Plan Revealed Google, Tech Execs Accelerate Space Privatization IRS Database System Makes Tax Deadline, Finally Air Force IT Strategy Stresses Mobile, Thin Clients Federal Cyber Overhaul Cost: $710 Million Through 2017 Inside Red Cross Social Media Command Center NASA's Blue Marble: 50 Years Of Earth Images Top 14 Government Social Media Initiatives Recommended Reading

24 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 24 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 24 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 24 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 24 Robots will soon have this capability

25 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 25 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 25 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 25 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 25 This could be worse than driving while texting

26 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 26 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 26 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 26 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 26 Thank You for Your Interest and Participation 2012 Environmental Scan

27 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 27 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 27 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 27 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: Environmental Scan

28 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 28 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 28 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 28 © 2012-Robert G Parker May 24, 2012 Page: 28


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