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Renewable Energy Development in India Government of India Ministry of New and Renewable Energy New Delhi 16 October 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Renewable Energy Development in India Government of India Ministry of New and Renewable Energy New Delhi 16 October 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Renewable Energy Development in India Government of India Ministry of New and Renewable Energy New Delhi 16 October 2012

2 India’s Energy Challenge Shortage Access Security Climate Change Demand In next 12 years India’s electricity requirement to grow 2.5 times Climate Change is also an important issue India is dependent on oil imports for 80% of its demand Around 400 Million people still without access to electricity Electricity shortage estimated at 25-35 GW

3 Renewable Power Capacity Total Installed Capacity = 25,857 MW

4 Plan-wise Renewable Energy Capacity (GW) Addition

5 Renewable Energy Projections for 2027 Cumulative Capacity in GW

6 Renewable Energy Projections for 2027 Share of Renewable in Total Electricity Mix in %

7 So far, main driver of RE in India; contributes over 70% of total RE capacity Assessed Potential49 GW (at 50 meter hub height) Actual potential is much higher Potential confined in 6 States Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan Tapped Potential18 + GW; Current rate of deployment is > 3 GW per year; India fifth in the World Projected capacity: 30 GW by 2017 and 50 GW by 2022 Wind Resource Assessment :  Over 700 wind monitoring stations in 31 States/UTs  Eight handbooks on Wind Energy Resource published  Wind Atlas for the country has been prepared I. Wind Power Renewable Resources in India

8 Sl. No. StatesCapacity (MW) (Upto June, 2012) 1.Andhra Pradesh336 2.Gujarat3065 3.Karnataka2082 4.Kerala35 5.Madhya Pradesh377 6.Maharashtra2801 7.Rajasthan2157 8.Tamil Nadu7150 9.Others4 Total18007 State-wise Capacity


10 4.2 MW Wind Farm Project set up in Chitradurga District, Karnataka

11 Wind Power Technology in India Well established technology up to 2.5 MW single turbine 250-2000 kW unit size being manufactured and installed in the country 40 turbine models, 18 manufacturers 70 % indigenization achieved up to 500 kW. Import contents high in higher capacity machines. Critical components such as gear box, rotor blades, generators, controllers indigenized in last few years Exports to USA, Australia, China, South Korea, Japan, Sri Lanka 11

12 Assessed Potential17 GW (As per present estimate-from surplus agro biomass) Tapped Potential2.3 GW Projected capacity: 5 GW by 2017 and 8 GW by 2022 Biomass through dedicated energy plantation 2500 MW require 0.5 million hectare land with fast growing species and some agro practices. Green Mission aims at 5-10 million hectare land  These will be small 1-2 MW tail end plants  Save transmission losses by 7% better power factor  Facilitate electricity supply to rural areas  Bamboo forests regularly harvested would capture carbon efficiently (12 tonne/ha/yr against 0.5 to 1.5 tonne/ha/yr for other species) II. Biomass Power Renewable Resources in India

13 III. Small Hydro Power Renewable Resources in India MNRE responsible for SHP upto 25 MW capacity. TypeUseCapacity Water MillsFor local useUp to 5 KW MicroVillage electrificationUp to 100 kW MiniVillage Electrification & Grid 101 kW to 2000 kW SmallGrid2001 kW to 25000 kW

14 Assessed Potential 15 GW Potential mainly in Hilly states J&K, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, NE States Tapped Potential3.4 GW Projected Capacity: 5.5 GW by 2017, 8.5 GW by 2022 Strategy:  Private sector participation  Performance based incentivisation  Low head SHP Projects on canals Small Hydro Power: Status

15 SHP Technology SHP technology fully mature in the country Equipment efficiency > 85%. Capacity Utilization Factor can be as high as 95% Over 20 equipment manufacturers Manufacturing capacity over 1000 MW 15


17 Renewable Energy Resources in India Estimated Potential 30-50 MW/ sq. km 5,000 trillion KWh/year High Potential StatesAndhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Rajasthan Tapped Potential (Grid Power) 1040 MW Projected Capacity: 10 GW by 2017, 20 GW by 2022. Solar Radiation Resource Assessment: IMD has 45 stations 51 Solar radiation monitoring stations set up in high potential states through CWET 60 additional stations are planned in rest of the country. IV. Solar Power

18 Network of Solar Radiation Monitoring Stations in India

19 19 National Solar Mission Launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 11 January 2010 as JNNSM Mission aims to achieve grid tariff parity by 2022 through  Large scale utilization, rapid diffusion and deployment at a scale which leads to cost reduction  R&D, Pilot Projects and Technology Demonstration  Local manufacturing and support infrastructure

20 20 Mission Road Map Application Segment Target for Phase I (2010-13) Cumulative Target for Phase 2 (2013-17) Cumulative Target for Phase 3 (2017-22) Grid solar power (large plants, roof top & distribution grid plants) 1,100 MW4,000 - 10,000 MW 20,000 MW Off-grid solar applications 200 MW1,000 MW2,000 MW Solar Thermal Collectors (SWHs, solar cooking/cooling, Industrial process heat applications etc.) 7 million sq meters 15 million sq meters 20 million sq meters Solar Lighting System 5 million10 million20 million

21 JNNSM : Phase-I, Batch-I SchemeProjects allotted Projects Commissioned Weighted Average bid tariff % Reduction in tariff No.MWNo.MW Large PV projects through NVVN 301502613012.16 Rs. / Unit 32 % 2 Projects Cancelled Migration Scheme SPV13541148 ST33012.5 RPSSGP Scheme (PV) 78986887.8 Solar Thermal projects through NVVN 7470Scheduled for commissioning by May 2013 11.48 Rs. / Unit 25 % Total 131802106268.3 --

22 JNNSM : Phase-I, Batch-II SchemeProjects allotted Projects Commissioned Bid tariff% Reduct ion in tariff No.MWNo.MWMin.Max.Weighted average Large PV projects (connecte d to 33 kV or above grid ) 28350Scheduled for commissioning by Feb. 2013 7.49 Rs. / Unit 9.44 Rs. / Unit 8.77 Rs. / Unit 43 %

23 State-wise Installations State/UTMWState/UTMW Andhra Pradesh21.8Punjab9.3 Chhattisgarh4.0Rajasthan198.7 Gujarat690.0Tamil Nadu15.1 Haryana7.8Uttar Pradesh12.4 Jharkhand16.0Uttarakhand5.1 Karnataka14.0West Bengal2.1 Madhya Pradesh7.4Andaman & Nicobar0.1 Maharashtra20.0Delhi2.5 Orissa13.0Lakshadweep0.8 TOTAL1040.66

24 Growth in Solar Power Installations Capacity by June 2012 = 1030 MW

25 5 MWp Power Plant at Khimsar, Rajasthan 25

26 5 MW Projects under JNNSM Near Jodhpur, Rajasthan

27 Pilot Solar Thermal Power Projects  Four pilot projects on solar thermal technologies are proposed viz. Project Selected sites and Broad Specifications With hybrid cooling Reduced (<= 30%) consumption of water Bhadla (Rajasthan) Available Land Area: 150 ha Capacity: 40 MW est. CUF: 29% est. High operating temperature (>=500ºC) Higher efficiency Charanka (Gujarat) Available Land Area: 140 ha Capacity: 35 MW est. CUF : 30% est. Large thermal storage (about 8 hours) Nennala (Andhra Pradesh) Available Land Area: 160 ha Capacity: 20 MW est. CUF : 65% est. Large thermal storage Base load Terkuveerapandiyapuram (Tamil Nadu) Available Land Area: 160 ha Capacity: 25 MW est. CUF : 45% est.

28 Off-grid Applications JNNSM has focus on promoting off-grid systems, which still require interventions to bring down costs. Scheme is designed to provide an enabling framework and support for entrepreneurs to develop markets. The scheme covers –Off-grid and decentralized systems, including hybrid systems to meet/ supplement lighting, electricity/power, heating and cooling energy requirements –Solar PV systems / applications (maximum capacity 100 kWp per site) –Mini-grids for rural electrification (maximum capacity 250 kW per site) –All applications of solar energy to produce heat including steam generation. Subsidy @30% of the cost (subject to benchmarks) is provided; higher subsidy is provided in special category states including north eastern states.

29  Village street lighting  Home & community lighting  Water pumping systems  Village power plants  Vaccine refrigeration  TV sets  Radio receivers  Solar lanterns Solar PV for Rural Applications

30  Unmanned Off-shore Oil Wellhead Platforms  Battery Charging Stations  VLPTs For Doordarshan  Power Plants  Defence Applications  Railways  Telecommunication Solar PV for Industrial Applications



33 50,000 LPD solar water heating system at a Textile Factory at Manesar

34 Solar steam cooking system at Tirupati for 15000 people Solar steam system at ITC Hotel, New Delhi

35 Achievements Year Target (MW) Project Sanctioned (MW) Projects Installed (MW) Till March 201059.00 2010-113240.6510.79 2011-125877.4020.20 2012-1310022.006.50 Off-grid PV Applications Solar Thermal Applications 5.95 million square meter of solar thermal collector area installed so far cumulatively

36 New Schemes  Mini / micro grid for energy access  Solar parks  Small capacity grid connected solar PV plants for left over States  Making available low cost solar lantern  Roof top systems – grid tied  Focus on industrial process heat systems

37 Manufacturing  Manufacturing capacity of solar cells and solar modules increased from 200 MW and 700 MW in 2009 to 500 MW and 1250 MW respectively.  Manufacturing of various raw materials, components, devices and systems is coming up/expanding in the country (Poly silicon, wafers, glass, EVA, back sheet, grid inverters etc.)  There is no customs & Excise duty on cells and modules; recently, custom duty is also waived off on raw materials required to manufacture cells and modules. 37

38 Research Infrastructure (Universities/ R&D institutions) R&D Policy is in place to support projects in Universities/ academic institutions, research labs and in industries Overall goal is –to develop solar energy applications having improved performance, operability, reliability, and cost competitiveness. –Achieving grid parity in the generation of solar electricity. Type of projects supported under the policy include –Centres of excellence in thematic areas of research –Applied research –Technology validation and field evaluation Currently, 18 projects in photovoltaics and 17 in solar thermal areas are under implementation

39 39 Institutional Arrangements Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) has been set up as a Company Not for Profit under Section 25 of Company Act for implementation of activities under the Mission Solar Energy Research Advisory Council, Chaired by Dr. Anil Kakodkar has been set up to advise on research policy with a view to achieve Mission targets. Solar Energy Industry Advisory Council, Chaired by Shri Anand Mahindra set up.

40 JNNSM – Phase 2 : Goals  3,000 MW capacity to be supported by the Government of India  Additional 6,000 MW is envisaged through Solar RPO requirement  Requirement of solar power capacity by 2017 is estimated to be about 10000 MW.  A demand of about 10,000 MW of solar power is expected to be generated by 2017 assuming an yearly increase of solar RPO by 0.25 % and increase in conventional power capacity by 3%  1000 MW off grid solar applications by 2017  15 million square meters solar thermal collector area by 2017

41 Proposed Areas of Cooperation Manufacturing of entire value chain of solar PV and solar thermal power systems Joint technology development for off-grid, thermal and grid applications including – High/ medium temperature thermal storage – Cost effective solar desalination and solar cooling systems – Balance of system for solar thermal applications viz. water heating in high rise buildings, integration with conventional steam generation systems in industries – Low speed cut –off wind machines – Low waste heat recovery technologies Joint validation of the new and emerging technologies under Indian conditions Testing and standardization for solar concentrators

42 Incentives Available Reduced customs duty on all items of machinery required for the initial setting up of a solar power generation project or facility Exemption from excise duty on all items of machinery required for the initial setting up of a solar power generation project or facility Nil / concessional excise duty on manufacture of most renewable energy systems / devices Income tax exemption for renewable power projects under section 80 IA for 10 years Exemption from environment clearance for solar power projects 80% Accelerated depreciation Provision of RPOs and RECs


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