Presentation on theme: "Capítulo 4A El Imperfecto – Conjugación. There are 2 past tenses in Spanish: Preterite – expresses completed past actions: Ayer caminé al mercado. Ayer."— Presentation transcript:
There are 2 past tenses in Spanish: Preterite – expresses completed past actions: Ayer caminé al mercado. Ayer caminé al mercado. Imperfect – expresses the past, but does not indicate specifically when the event or condition began or ended: Cada día caminaba al mercado.
-ar verbs -aba -abas -aba -ábamos -abais -aban The first and third person are alike. Subject pronouns can be used for clarification.
llevar – to carry, wear llevaba – I was wearing / used to wear llevabas – you were wearing / used to wear llevaba – he, she, you polite was or were wearing / used to wear llevábamos – we were wearing / used to wear llevabais – you were wearing / used to wear llevaban – they or you were wearing / used to wear. El chico llevaba un paraguas.
-er and –ir verbs - ía - ías - ía - íamos - íais - ían The first and third person are alike. Subject pronouns can be used for clarification.
volver- to return volvía – I was returning/used to return volvías volvía volvíamos volvíais volvían Los vecinos volvían tarde. * Notice that the “o” in volver does not stem–change.
dormirse – to fall asleep me dormía – I was falling asleep/used to te dormías se dormía nos dormíamos os dormíais se dormían Yo siempre me dormía antes de las nueve. The verbs that are reflexive will continue to be reflexive in the imperfect tense.
The imperfect verb había (haber) is equivalent to: There was There were Había un mexicano en la clase. Había dos montañas rusas en el parque.
The imperfect tense is used to express: 1.Ongoing past action 2.Repeated, habitual action 3.Long standing situation
1. ongoing past action Miraban la televisión cuando Paco llamó. They were watching TV when Paco called. Escribía una carta cuando saliste. I was writing a letter when you left.
2. repeated or habitual action Siempre comíamos en esa restaurante. We always used to eat / would eat at that restaurant. Tomaba café todos los días. I used to drink / would drink coffee every day.
3. long-standing situation Vivía en Costa Rica. I was living in Costa Rica. Estudiaba en ese colegio. I was studying at that school.