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Mexico´s Ocean Policy, Strategies and Actions in the Gulf of Mexico GCOOS-RA Board of Directors Meeting Porfirio Alvarez Torres, PhD Director for Regional.

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Presentation on theme: "Mexico´s Ocean Policy, Strategies and Actions in the Gulf of Mexico GCOOS-RA Board of Directors Meeting Porfirio Alvarez Torres, PhD Director for Regional."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mexico´s Ocean Policy, Strategies and Actions in the Gulf of Mexico GCOOS-RA Board of Directors Meeting Porfirio Alvarez Torres, PhD Director for Regional and Sectoral Integration Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources SEMARNAT Orlando, Florida, Feb 2009

2 Ocupación del espacio costero

3 ENVIRONMENTAL OCEAN POLICY BACKGROUND 1992 Rio de Janeiro, Agenda 21 (Chapter 17) World Ocean Conference 2002 Johannesburg Summit 2004 Environmental Evaluation (coastal areas integrated management) 2004 National Consultative Council for Sustainable Development recommended to build an environmental ocean policy 2005 Federal Fiscal Authority, called for an integrated policy on ocean and coastal areas

4 Ocean Management EU Maritime Policy Oct An Ocean Blueprint for the Century Ocean Commission, Sep Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia, Dec National Environmental Policy for the Sustianble Development of Oceans and Coasts Mexico, Oct. 2006

5 Steps to develop a National Policy for Oceans and Coasts

6 “NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE OCEANS AND COASTS OF MEXICO” Provides the strategic framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and coasts. Includes the guidelines to articulate public and sectorial policies. Build on ecosystem based management and ecosystem based approach.

7 Proximidad a línea costera Planicie costera Vegetación costera ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA Perfil hipsográfico (200 msnm) Cuencas costeras SIG`s & MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS EXPERT CONSULTATION MARINE PORTION.- Continental Plataform ISLAND PORTION.- Federal jurisdiction CONTINENTAL PORTION municipalities in the littoral with a high and medium coastal nfluence index COASTAL ZONE BOUNDARIES DEFINITION

8 The President mandates to: 1.Elaborate the General Land Use Planning Physical Model for the Territory 2.Elaborate a National Ocean Policy 3.Strengthen the Strategy for conservation of coastal wetlands, particularly mangrove ecosystems 4.Enhance the Strategy for the Protection of Coastal and Marine Biodiversity 5.“… build inmediately the Interministerial Commission for the Sustainable Management of Oceans and Coasts (CIMARES). This Commission will be encharged to formulate at the national level the necesary policies and strategies” NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE LAND AND SEA USE PLANNING OF THE TERRITORY IN OCEANS AND COASTS Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Feb

9 Integrated vision and nation wide coverageIntegrated vision and nation wide coverage Strengthen federal coordination mechanismsStrengthen federal coordination mechanisms Mainstreaming and crosscutingMainstreaming and crosscuting Optimize current capacitiesOptimize current capacities Enhance social participation and adaptive managementEnhance social participation and adaptive management Enhance communication, extension, transparency and accountabilityEnhance communication, extension, transparency and accountability GovernanceGovernance Integrated vision and nation wide coverageIntegrated vision and nation wide coverage Strengthen federal coordination mechanismsStrengthen federal coordination mechanisms Mainstreaming and crosscutingMainstreaming and crosscuting Optimize current capacitiesOptimize current capacities Enhance social participation and adaptive managementEnhance social participation and adaptive management Enhance communication, extension, transparency and accountabilityEnhance communication, extension, transparency and accountability GovernanceGovernance PRINCIPLES PRESIDENTIAL DECREE D.O.F. 13 DE JUNIO 2008 Interministerial Commission for the Sustainable Management of Oceans and Coasts, CIMARES

10 INSTALACIÓN DE LA CIMARES 1º de diciembre de 2008 ACUERDOS DE LA SESIÓN Se declara instalada la Comisión Se acepta la designación del Secretario Técnico Se aprueba el Reglamento para la operación de la CIMARES Se sanciona la estructura de las Subcomisiones y Grupos de Trabajo Se acepta el programa de trabajo y los 27 temas prioritarios Se acuerdan las fechas de sesiones ordinarias 2009 que se realizarán el 13 de abril en Mazatlán, Sin. y 12 de octubre en la Ciudad de México.

11 SUBCOMISIONES Y GRUPOS DE TRABAJO

12 MAPA DE ACTORES E INVITADOS ACTORES PRODUCTIVOS CÁMARAS SECTORIALES MIEMBROS DE LA COMISIÓN: GOBIERNOS DE LOS ESTADOS COSTEROS ONG´s GOBIERNOS MUNICIPALES Únicamente los municipios costeros de la entidad donde se realizará el evento (en su caso) ACADEMIA UABC, UABCS, CICESE, CIBNOR, USON, CIDESON, UAS, CIAD, UAN, UDEG, UCOL, UAGRO, UMAR, UNACH, UAT, UV, UJAT, UACAM, UQROO, UADY, CICY, ECOSUR, UNAM, UAM, IPN INVITADOS Consejos Consultivos para el Desarrollo Sustentable

13 Sea and Land Use Processes Procesos sin convenio 26. Municipal de La Huerta 27. Municipal de Cihuatlán 28. Municipal de Tomatlán 29. Laguna de Zapotlán 30. Cuenca del Valle de México Estrategia de Mares y Costas

14 Mapping all sectoral activities Reduce environmental and social conflicts Promotes sustainability in regions Encourage sectors to prevent and reduce environmental impacts Protects natural heritage Provides certainity for investment Reconsiders the process of occupation and use of the territory Defines the intensity of use of the territory Promotes alternative solutions to sectoral activities Supports informed decision making for other environmental instruments (i.e. EIA, Coastal Federal Areas, Change of Land Use) Benefits of Land and Sea Use Planning Process

15 Veracruz Tabasco Campeche Tamaulipas Quintana Roo Yucatán

16 MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING Land area.-144 coastal counties Marine area.- EEZ of Gulf of México and Caribbean Sea

17 Current status of the Land and Sea Use Planning Process in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea Committee and Environmental Logbook Formulation Agreement Coordinaton MOU Committee Plan Program Adoption Legally binding Decree Public Consultation Implementation Linkage to (EIA) Programing … Evaluation Indicators:* Policies Guidelines Strategies Physical & Environ Criteria Report with Results* X Modification Program Review & Update

18 Challenges to run the process N 1.Scarce and scattered information on the marine environment 2.Higher complexity compared to land use plannning 3.Limited information and geographical coverage 4.Tools for marine analysis limited 5.Need to elaborate a more creative and critical scenarios regardless of the limited tools and information availability

19 Sea and Land Use Process Analysis Compilation of existing statistical and cartographic information in federal agencies Determine sea and land uses based on wide participative workshops with sectors and civil society Main analysis conducted using multicriteria and multiobjective approaches Environmental indexes such as Pressure, Risk, and Vulnerability play an important role to build a strong and reliable Diagnostic on the marine and coastal areas current condition

20 MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING CHARACTERIZATION.- Land Area

21 MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING Regionalization [Esc 1:250,000] Region Coastal Land Areas 168,462.4 km 2 Hidrography Sub-Cuenca [INEGI-INE-CNA, 2007] Curvas de nivel. Hidrología superficial (ríos y cuerpos de agua). Modelos digitales de elevación MDE. Geomorphology Land Use/ Vegetation SERIE III, ENVIRONMENTAL LAND & COASTAL AREAS UNITS CHARACTERIZATION.- Land Area

22 MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING CHARACTERIZATION.- Marine Area

23 Regionalization [Esc 1:250,000] Marine Area 827,023.8 km 2 Geology CONABIO/INE/UNAM Batimetry and Geomorphology Carta batimétrica INE Hydrodinamics UNAM Primary Productivity & Temperature FC-UABC, 2007 MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL UNITS FLORA & FAUNA Commercial species (CNP, 2006) Protected species NOM-059-SEMARNAT CHARACTERIZATION.- Marine Area MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING

24 Tourism Ports and Maritime industry commercial fishing touristic Fisheries Aquaculture industrial Energy Oil Electric National Security Conservation SECTORIAL WORKSHOPS Sectorial interactions in the region artisanal MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING

25 Fragile Ecosystems Primary Sector Agriculture, fisheries and livestock Secondary Sector Oil production activities and energy production Terciary Sector Servicies, harbor storage facilities and oil distribution, Tourism Activities & Maritime transportation. Coral Reefs Islands Coastal areas Batimetry Current intensity Pressure Geomorphology Vegetation Climate Precipitation Slope Main River Runoff Fisheries overexploitation Degradation processes Ports and Oil activities MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING

26 Hydrometeorological Risk Factors and Climate Change Impacts Hurricane incidence Risk of Flooding and sea level rise Risk for Flooding and Rain Vulnerability MARINE ZONING AND COASTAL LAND USE PLANNING

27 Increasing development, port, tourism and oil exploitation activities Seawage waters Domestic and industrial In coastal areas Watershed discharges Increasing pollution Increased in biological productivity with signs of euthophication HABs HYPOXIA condition in selected coastal areas Lack of technology In mariculture Ilegal fishing Overexploitation of Fish stocks Inestable coastal areas due to sea level rise Increase in number and frequency of extreme meteorological events Sea floor changes and coastal erosion BIODIVERSITY LOSS DUE TO UNSUSTAINABLE FISHING PRACTICES. HIGHER INESTABILITY OF BENTHOS AND NECTON POLLUTION SEAWAGE WATERS DOMESTIC AND INDUSTRIAL FRAGILE CONDITION DUE TO INCREASING NUTRIENT LOAD. MARINE AND COASTAL AREAS OF THE GULF OF MEXICO AND CARIBBEAN SEA ARE HIGHLY DEGRATED AND UNDER EXTREME INCREASING PRESSURE Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea condition…

28 Poor urban planning Inadequate building codes Inadequate ICZM Lack of mitigation compensation mechanisms Weak enforcement of urban regulation Poor agricultural practices Poor planning Lack of capacity Lack of wastewater treatment Weak enforcement Aerosol Contaminants Weak enforcement agricultural regulation Poor environmental planning/ lack of assessment of impacts Increase fishing Effort Increase technological capabilities Non selective Fishing Gear Uncertainty of assessments Overcapitalizaton Deficient fisheries control policies Underlying causes Historical development planning (TOP-DOWN). Lack of ecosystem approach. Lack of integrated management. Poverty, Policies promoting increasing coastal population. Root causes Agricultural/ industrial/ urban pollution Construction/ development in the coastal zone Port Tourism activities Global climate change Eutrophica tion and HABs Overexploitation Immediate causes Habitat modification, Ecosystem degradation, Loss of Resilence & Assests Reduction of Fishery Stocks Loss of ecosystems/ ecosystem services Increased risk for endangered species Impacts

29 Municipal non treated seawage water (cubic meters) in 2005

30 Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem Participant countries: Mexico-US (SEMARNAT- NOAA) The long-term development/environmental goal of the project is: Sustainable development of the Gulf of Mexico LME enhanced through ecosystem-based management approaches Project Objective: To rehabilitate marine and coastal ecosystems, recover depleted fish stocks and to reduce nutrient overloading to the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem based on an assessment and management approach that considers LME productivity, fish and fisheries, pollution and ecosystem health, socioeconomics and governance.

31 Main activities Joint Integrated Assessment of the Gulf of Mexico Monitoring ecosystem health and environmental quality assessment Conservation and restoration of coastal areas Recovery of depleted fisheries stocks Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem

32 Identified Problems during the PDF stage

33 Problems prioritized

34 Final Remarks Build a strong GCOOS SEMARNAT parternship o Sign the MOA o Data sharing o Joint Monitoring o Enhance Communication o Enhance capabilities GoM LME, NOAA-SEMARNAT o Joint Integrated Ecosystem Assessment o Monitoring

35 Gracias!


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