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© SEESAC, 2006
SALW Control Name? Organisation? Event? Date?
© SEESAC, 2006 Definitions SALW ‘All lethal conventional munitions that can be carried by an individual combatant or a light vehicle, that also do not require a substantial logistic and maintenance capability’.
© SEESAC, 2006 Definitions SALW Control ‘Those activities, which, together, aim to reduce the social, economic and environmental impact of uncontrolled SALW proliferation and possession’.
© SEESAC, 2006 SALW Control Can be implemented any time For <100mm calibre In support of a national strategy In support of Security Sector Reform Targets individuals, government, criminals, and terrorists
© SEESAC, 2006 Global Impact of SALW An estimated 500,000 people are killed per year by SALW worldwide – 300,000 during conflict, 200,000 due to homicide, suicide or accidental death (2001). 640 million weapons are thought to be in circulation worldwide (2002). Civilian weapons constitute 59% of the global small arms stockpile (2002). Are SALW Weapons of Mass Destruction?
© SEESAC, 2006 Impact of SALW Undermine the ‘Rule of Law’ and the ability to keep the peace. Fuel crime and instability. Increase tension within communities. Negate confidence and security building measures. Act as an obstacle to development.
© SEESAC, 2006 Impact of SALW Encourage violent rather than peaceful resolutions to problems. Contribute to human rights violations (including increasing lethality of domestic violence). Discourage investment and tourism. Resources spent on security are unavailable for development. Casualties are a drain on the Health Service. Contribute to ‘gun culture’.
© SEESAC, 2006 Impact of SALW Undermine the legal arms trade. Fuels terrorism. Present a physical risk to local communities due to the presence of unstable ammunition.
© SEESAC, 2006 Local Examples – Impact of SALW on… The Rule of Law?? Crime and instability?? Community tensions?? Security-building measures?? Investment, tourism and development?? Human Rights?? Health Services?? Etc.
© SEESAC, 2006 Impact on Children Children affected disproportionately. 2 million killed in 1990s. Also affected by costs such as malnutrition, disease and preventable illness.
© SEESAC, 2006 SALW and Gender Men are predominant users. Young men are primary targets for conscription. WHO – men are 3-6 times more likely than women to murder in peacetime.
© SEESAC, 2006 Men and Boys In armed conflict: Men are at greatest risk during conflict. Are targeted for being protectors/defenders. In peacetime: Constitute 80% of homicide victims. At greatest risk of gun crime and gang warfare.
© SEESAC, 2006 Women and Girls Possession can be expression of empowerment. Can be a threat to self and families. In armed conflict: At greatest risk of injury and death as civilians. Are targets of rape, sexual violence, prostitution and HIV. Are targets due to role as reproducers. In peacetime: At greatest risk of violence in the home.
© SEESAC, 2006 SALW and Violent Crime Availability of SALW fuels criminal groups. Re-enforced by SALW possession. Is a major social problem. Weapons are often legally-owned Corruption of law enforcement. Criminal networks involved in bringing SALW into the country. Looting
© SEESAC, 2006 Aim of SALW Control ‘To control small arms and light weapons within society in order to secure a safe and stable environment in which people can live’.
© SEESAC, 2006 Operational objectives of SALW Control The reduction in the number of weapons available to criminals. The reduction in the number of weapon and ammunition accidents. The need to make a public connection between the availability of weapons and the potential for violence in society, (by both national authorities and the civilian population at large). The requirement to build community awareness of the problem and hence community solidarity.
© SEESAC, 2006 Operational objectives of SALW Control The reduction and disruption of the transfer and illicit trade of weapons on the black market. The control of legal weapons through national legislation and registration. The recovery of stolen weapons from the community. The reduction of the open visibility of weapons in the community, and addressing the culture of weapons. The development of norms against the illegal use of weapons. The use of SALW control as a launch framework for future capacity building and sustainable development.
© SEESAC, 2006 Functional areas of SALW Control Cross Border Controls SALW Survey SALW Awareness and Communications Strategy Legislation SALW Collection SALW Destruction SALW Stockpile Management Management of Information
© SEESAC, 2006 SALW Control interventions MUST: DETER DETER individuals, groups and organisations from illegally possessing or transferring SALW. DENY DENY access to SALW by inappropriate holders or users. DISRUPT DISRUPT criminal operations, the movement of SALW and the storage of SALW. DESTROY DESTROY surrendered, captured or surplus SALW.
© SEESAC, 2006 National SALW Control strategy Must include ALL stakeholders. Determine and delegate operational responsibilities in each functional area. Must establish a ‘National SALW Commission’ / ‘National SALW Authority’.
© SEESAC, 2006 Role of National SALW Commission ‘To plan, coordinate, direct and monitor all appropriate SALW control interventions at the national level in order to secure a safer environment and thereby meet the primary aim of SALW control’.
© SEESAC, 2006 Useful References Operational - SEESAC Regional Micro- Disarmament Standards and Guidelines (RMDS/G) http://www.seesac.orghttp://www.seesac.org Strategic - OSCE Best Practice Guidelines on SALW (2003)
© SEESAC, 2006 Questions??
SALW Control, Security & Development Overview Introduction DDR and SALW Control International agreements SALW Control measures Guiding principles.
Dealing with Small Arms: Scope and Initiatives Robert Muggah, Small Arms Survey, Geneva.
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