2 The First Ten Amendments to the Constitution – The Bill of Rights 1st AmendmentReligion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition2nd AmendmentTo Bear Arms3rd AmendmentQuartering of Soldiers4th AmendmentSearch and Arrest Warrants5th AmendmentRights in Criminal Cases6th AmendmentRights to a Fair Trial7th AmendmentRights in Civil Cases8th AmendmentBails, Fines, and Punishments9th AmendmentRights Retained by the People10th AmendmentPowers Retained by the States and the People
3 The Second AmendmentA well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.The Federal Government and State Government can and do regulate the private ownership of firearms.What is the purpose of the Second Amendment?
4 The Fourth AmendmentThe right of the people to be secure in their persons, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.What is the purpose of the Fourth Amendment?
5 The 4th Amendment (Cont.) Probable cause - a reasonable suspicion of a crime.Do teachers or school employees need probable cause to search a student’s possessions?NO! Just reasonable suspicion.NYC Stop and Frisk
6 Quick Write In complete sentences, respond to the question: Is the NYPD tactic of Stop and Frisk in violation of the 4th Amendment?
7 The Exclusionary RuleThe exclusionary rule is the main guarantee against unreasonable searches and seizures.The rule: Evidence gained as the result of an illegal act by police cannot be used at the trial of the person from whom it was seized.This rule is meant to deter police misconduct.There are exceptions to the ruleInevitable discoveryGood faith exceptionHonest mistakes exceptionKnock-and-announce rule