Auschwitz is the name used to identify the three main Nazi German concentration camps and the 45- 50 subcamps. The three main camps were: 1. Auschwitz I—the original concentration camp which served as the administration center for the whole complex. It was the site of roughly 70,000 Polish intellectuals and Soviet Prisoners of War Night: Setting
The total number of deaths at the camps is estimated at around 1-1.5 million. About 700 prisoners attempted escape from the camps; about 300 were successful. Common punishment for escape attempts was death by starvation. The families of successful escapees were sometimes arrested and interned in Auschwitz and displayed to deter others from trying to escape. Night: Setting
Night: Characters Eliezer – the protagonist and narrator Shlomo – Elie’s father Moshe the Beadle – Elie’s teacher of Jewish mysticism Madame Schater – a woman from Sighet put in the same cart with Elie Juliek – young musician Hilda – Elie’s older sister Bea – Elie’s middle sister Tzipora – Elie’s yougest sister
Night: Themes Death Faith Hatred Dehumanization Loss of Innocence
WW II Background & The Holocaust Germany was crippled by the Great Depression. React with the rise of the Nazi party. Believed the Aryan race (Germans and Northern Europeans) should rule the world. “Final Solution” – elimination of all Jews. Estimated 6 million Jews are killed in concentration camps.
Gradually stripped Jews of their rights: Boycotted Jewish businesses Vandalized Jewish businesses and homes Forced to wear a yellow Star of David
Eventually barred Jews from public facilities Transported to ghettos – “for their own safety” Sent to concentration camps
Night -Discuss and Review Section 1 questions -Read Section 2