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Grid 2ooo i Empowering Global Research Community Networking

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Presentation on theme: "Grid 2ooo i Empowering Global Research Community Networking "— Presentation transcript:

1 Grid 2ooo i Empowering Global Research Community Networking University of Illinois at Chicago and Indiana University in collaboration with the University of Tokyo and Keio University INET 2000, July 18-21, 2000, Yokohama, Japan, Maxine Brown Electronic Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago

2 iGrid: The International Grid
Goal: To showcase the evolution and importance of global research community networking Scenes from iGrid 2000:

3 iGrid: The International Grid
iGrid highlights achievements in grid architecture development and application advancements in science, engineering, cultural heritage, distance education, media communications, and art and architecture 24 demonstrations featuring technical innovations and application advancements requiring tele-immersion, large datasets, distributed computing, remote instrumentation, collaboration, human/computer interfaces, streaming media, digital video and high-definition television 14 regions: Canada, CERN, Germany, Greece, Japan, Korea, Mexico, The Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, United Kingdom, USA The SC’98 International Grid (iGrid) research demonstrations showcase international collaborations using advanced high-speed networks, enabling researchers to work together, whether their colleagues live across the country or across the ocean, and to access geographically-distributed computing, storage, and display resources. The iGrid booth, jointly sponsored by the Electronic Visualization Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago and Indiana University, provides global connectivity so collaborators from the United States, Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland, and Taiwan can demonstrate their use of advanced networks to solve complex computational problems. Enabling these international demonstrations is the National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored initiative STAR TAP—the Science, Technology And Research Transit Access Point []. Started in 1997, STAR TAP anchors the NSF vBNS (very high-speed Backbone Network Service) international program. Networks from Canada (CAnet-2), Singapore (SingaREN), Taiwan (TANet), Russia (MirNET), and the Asian-Pacific Advanced Network consortium (APAN) are connected; Indiana University is the lead institution of the APAN-USA joint venture, named TransPAC []. STAR TAP connections to the Nordic countries (NORDUnet), The Netherlands (SURFnet), France (RENATER), and Israel are imminent. Other USA federal agency advanced networks, notably the Department of Defense DREN, Department of Energy ESnet, and NASA NREN are also connected to STAR TAP. STAR TAP is managed by the Electronic Visualization Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Chicago’s Ameritech Advanced Data Services. The Electronic Visualization Laboratory and Indiana University, members of NCSA’s National Computational Science Alliance partnership, are working to advance the development of the International Technology Grid. The Grid is a prototype 21st century computational and information infrastructure integrating high-performance computers, visualization environments, remote instruments, and massive databases via high-speed networks to support advanced applications.

4 iGrid 2000 CERN and the USA Distributed Particle Physics Research
California Institute of Technology, USA, USA CERN This application demonstrates remote viewing and analysis of particle physics events. The application is the front end to an engineered object-oriented global system that incorporates grid middleware for authentication and resource discovery, a distributed object database containing several terabytes of simulated events, and a component that enables queries issued by the front-end application to be matched to available computing resources in the system (matchmaking service).

5 iGrid 2000 Germany and Singapore
MediaZineA Combination of Television, WWW, Telecommunications and 3D Computer Graphics Fraunhofer Institute Graphische Datenverarbeitung (IGD), Germany Centre for Advanced Media Technology (CAM Tech), Singapore An interactive multimedia magazine, including text, images, live-audio, live-video, animations, 3D computer graphics and embedded electronic commerce and communication functions.

6 iGrid 2000 Germany and the USA
VR Online Monitoring and Steering of Remote Black Hole Simulations Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Germany Konrad-Zuse- Zentrum für Informationstechnik Germany Argonne National Labs, USA Lawrence Berkeley National Labs, USA, NCSA, USA A demonstration of several remote monitoring, steering, and visualization tools for Remote Black Hole Simulations and Remote Visualization of Large-Scale Datasets.

7 iGrid 2000 Germany, USA, Japan and UK
VR Tele- Immersive Distributed Simulation Analysis Sandia National Laboratories, USA High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS), Germany Thanks to the Computer Services for Academic Research Centre (Manchester, UK), the Centre of Virtual Environments at University of Salford (UK), Tsukuba Advanced Computing Center (Japan) and Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (USA) for additional supercomputing resources. This application emphasizes distributed parallel supercomputing and a collaborative virtual-reality computation steering environment applied to Grand Challenge problems.

8 iGrid 2000 Greece and the USA
VR Tele- Immersive Shared Miletus Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA Foundation for the Hellenic World, Greece Thanks to UIC for providing computing and networking resources. This Cultural Heritage demonstration takes visitors on a shared virtual voyage through the ancient Greek city of Miletus as it existed 2000 years ago.

9 iGrid 2000 Japan Digital Cinema 2000: Super High Definition
Digital Movie Communication System NTT, Japan NTT’s digital movie system using SHD images transmits extra-high-quality, digital, full-color movies of 2048x2048 pixel resolution at 24 or 60 Hz using 155/622 Mbps ATM transmission systems.

10 iGrid 2000 Japan VR Haptic Collaboration in a Networked Virtual
Tele- Immersive Haptic Collaboration in a Networked Virtual Environment Gifu MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan University of Tokyo, Japan A demonstration of wearable haptic gear (touch and force) communication, as well as visual communication, between the CAVE at iGrid 2000 and CABIN at the University of Tokyo.

11 iGrid 2000 Japan VR Plate Window Manager (PWM): 2D Window
Manipulation System in a Virtual 3D World Gifu MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan , Japan University of Tokyo, Japan PWM accesses traditional 2D window systems and applications, such as web browsers, in a 3D virtual world with a virtual mouse.

12 iGrid 2000 Japan VR Video Avatar Communication in a Networked Virtual
Tele- Immersive Video Avatar Communication in a Networked Virtual Environment MVL Research Center, Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan University of Tokyo, Japan Gifu Technoplaza Video avatars communicate among the CAVE at iGrid 2000, CABIN at the University of Tokyo and COSMOS at the Gifu Technoplaza.

13 iGrid 2000 Japan and the USA VR Cultural Heritage in Virtual Reality
Tele- Immersive Cultural Heritage in Virtual Reality Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), USA Advanced Technology Center, University of Missouri, USA University of Tokyo, Japan Telecommunications Advancement Organization (TAO), Japan NTT, Japan Nippon Hosou Kyokai (NHK), Japan English Department, UIC, USA Using Cultural Heritage as an application driver, the goal of the Networked Virtual Environments Collaborative Trans-Oceanic Research (N*VECTOR) project is to link EVL’s CAVE and Tokyo’s CABIN in order to better understand the requirements of multiple media flows among sophisticated virtual-reality displays over great distances.

14 iGrid 2000 Japan and the USA Data and Information Access Link (DIAL)
NASA ESDIS/RITSS, USA NASA GSFC, USA NASDA, Japan National Space Development Agency (NASDA)/RESTEC, Japan Jeff Smith, NASA EOS, USA DIAL is a web-based distributed system to search, access and visualize satellite remote sensing data for Global Change research. In collaboration with NASDA and other institutions, NASA has DIAL servers set up to distribute satellite remote sensing data. NASA and NASDA also collaborate on the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM); 3D data is transferred from NASA to NASDA using TransPAC/APAN, processed and visualized for the web.

15 iGrid 2000 Japan and USA High Speed Networking with Subaru
Telescope in Hawaii University of Tokyo, Japan National Astronomical Observatory of Japan University of Hawaii APAN/KDD Laboratories AT&T The Subaru Telescope in Hawaii is connected via a high-speed link to the INET 2000/ iGrid 2000 conference site in Yokohama, and high-definition astronomical images are quickly retrieved and downloaded. Real-time interactive classes and discussions with researchers also take place between Hawaii and Yokohama using high-quality multimedia communication tools.

16 iGrid 2000 Japan and the USA Advanced Networking for Telemicroscopy
National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research , UCSD, USA SDSC, USA Research Center for Ultra-High Voltage Electron Microscopy, Osaka Univ., Japan NLANR, USA Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA Two online telemicroscopy systems, one at NCMIR and one at Osaka, use international research networks to provide interactive, remote control of high power microscopes.

17 iGrid 2000 The Netherlands and USA
VR Tele- Immersive ALIVE: Architectural Linked Immersive Environment Academic Computing Services Amsterdam (SARA), The Netherlands Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA ALIVE is used to evaluate the usability of collaborative virtual reality for architectural design. The ALIVE project started February 1999 at SARA in cooperation with EVL and OMA (Office for Metropolitan Architecture). In February 1998, Rem Koolhaas won the Richard H. Driehaus Foundation International Design Competition for the new Campus Center at Illinois Institute of Technology’s historic Mies van der Rohe campus

18 iGrid 2000 Singapore Human Anatomy Lecture-on-Demand
National University of Singapore The NUS Integrated Virtual Learning Environment enables staff and students to communicate, exchange information, discuss and access custom learning materials and course-related web sites. “Lecture-on-Demand” (LoD) delivery makes students assume more responsibility, and provides greater flexibility, in learning. A prototype anatomy LoD, “The Abdominal Wall and Inguinal Canal,” is demonstrated.

19 iGrid 2000 Singapore and the USA
CyberCAD: Internet Distributed Interactive Collaborative Design Temasek Polytechnic, Singapore National University of Singapore Indiana University, USA CyberCAD software has a controller- observer architecture to support reliable point-to-point synchronous portable Collaborative Computer Aided Design (COCAD). It allows geographically dispersed designers to work and communicate together synchro-nously on 3D design models, regardless of platform.

20 iGrid 2000 Sweden and USA VR Steering and Visualization
of a Finite-Difference Code on a Computational Grid Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden University of Houston, USA This application enables computational steering of electromagnetic simulations across distributed resources using interactive visualization in a virtual-reality environment.

21 iGrid 2000 Taiwan and Germany
VR Tele- Immersive A Virtual GIS-Based 3D Hydrodynamic Model of Tamshui River National Center for High-Performance Computing, Taiwan Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus, Germany Due to the dense population and rapid economic development of the Tamshui River, the largest estuarine system of the island, Taiwan is studying the river’s hydrodynamic and water quality. Dirty water, air, soil and mudslides pose a threat to public health, causing deaths and property losses during the seasons of typhoon and heavy rain. Tele-immersion tools enable researchers to visualize and analyze the computed results.

22 iGrid 2000 USA Access Grid Argonne National Laboratory, USA
The Access Grid is the ensemble of resources used to support group-to-group human interaction across the grid. It consists of large-format multimedia projective displays, presentation and interactive software environments, interfaces to grid middleware, and interfaces to remote visualization environments. The Access Grid is designed to support large-scale distributed meetings, collaborative teamwork sessions, seminars, lectures, tutorials and training.

23 iGrid 2000 USA VR Argus: Controlling Real- Time Imaging Sensors from
a Virtual Environment Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA ECE, UIUC, USA Computer Science, UIUC, USA This project streams 2D and 3D images from Argus, a room surrounded with cameras, into the CAVE using Crumbs volumetric rendering software. The project explores tradeoffs between sending 3D data volumes versus low-bandwidth, low-latency stereo pairs. This demonstration showcases how parallel video acquisition lends itself to viewing 3D scenes in different time zones. Argus consists of 64 optical cameras imaging a 14-foot diameter, 8-foot tall cylindrical volume. A 32-node Beowulf Linux cluster controls the camera array and performs image-processing algorithms. Argus delivers two kinds of data: full 3D data volumes (128 points per side; 2-8 volumes per second) and stereo image pairs for any viewpoint in the cylindrical volume.

24 iGrid 2000 USA VR Blue Window Pane II
Tele- Immersive Blue Window Pane II Indiana University, USA Special thanks to the Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA Blue Window Pane II is a networked environment that explores communication building through whimsical characters, conceptual landscapes and sound-activated graphics. Using art as a communication tool for shared connectivity, participants collaborate in a world of dreams, dilemmas and reflections.

25 iGrid 2000 USA VR TIDE: The Tele-Immersive Data Explorer
Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA National Center for Data Mining, University of Illinois at Chicago TIDE is a CAVERNsoft-based collaborative, immersive environment for querying and visualizing data from massive and distributed datastores.

26 iGrid 2000 USA VR Tele-immersive Image Based Rendering
Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA The Collaborative Image Based Rendering Viewer (CIBR View) is a CAVERNsoft-based tool for viewing animated sequences of image-based renderings from volume data. CIBR View was designed to allow DOE scientists to view volume renderings composed of 2D image slices.

27 iGrid 2000 USA, Canada, Japan, Singapore, Netherlands, Sweden, CERN, Spain, Mexico, Korea
GiDVN: Global Internet Digital Video Network Digital Video Working Group, Coordinating Committee for International Research Networks CERN, Switzerland APAN, Japan; KDD, Japan APAN-KR, Korea; Seoul National University, Korea SURFnet, The Netherlands DFSCA-UNAM, Mexico SingAREN, Singapore Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Spain Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden Int’l Center for Advanced Internet Research (iCAIR), Northwestern, USA GiDVN projects are enhancing media capabilities for the next-generation Internet, enabling new applications to interoperate throughout the world.

28 iGrid 2000 Of course, wherever they collaborate…
They connect to Yokohama, Japan, too!

29 iGrid Committees iGrid Co-Chairs and Organizing Institutions
Tomonori Aoyama, The University of Tokyo, Japan Tom DeFanti, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA Jun Murai, Keio University/WIDE Project, Japan Michael A. McRobbie, Indiana University, USA iGrid Executive Management Team Maxine Brown, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA Hiroshi Esaki, The University of Tokyo, Japan iGrid 2000 Supporters Japan Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (MPT) Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Foundation for MultiMedia Communications (FMMC), Japan iGrid 2000 Co-Organizing Institutions Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan (TAO) Communications Research Laboratory (CRL), Japan

30 iGrid Committees, continued…
iGrid 2000 Organizing Committee Affiliations Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago Indiana University Pacific Interface, Inc. Argonne National Laboratory APAN, Japan AT&T Japan/ Concert Japan Communications Research Laboratory, Japan Concert USA Gemini Project, USA Internet2, USA Keio University/WIDE Project, Japan NAIST/WIDE Project, Japan Nissho Electronics Corporation, Japan NTT, Japan Osaka University, Japan Telecommunications Advancement Organization of Japan (TAO) University of Chicago, USA University of Hawaii, USA University of Southern California/Information Sciences Institute, USA The University of Tokyo, Japan VRCO

31 iGrid Committees, continued…
iGrid 2000 Contributors American Power Conversion Japan Corp. APAN/TransPAC Asia-Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII) AT&T Cisco Systems K.K. Cisco Systems, Inc. Concert Foundary Networks, Inc. / Mitsui & Co., Ltd. Gemini Project Hitachi, Ltd. IBM Indiana University Keio University KDD Litton Network Access Systems MKOCN (Mauna Kea Observatories Communication Network) MPT Japan Gigabit Network

32 iGrid Committees, continued…
iGrid 2000 Contributors, continued… National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Subaru Telescope) Nissho Electronics Corporation NTT Communications Corp. Osaka University PNJ Communications, Inc. Settsu Metal Industrial Co., Ltd. SGI Japan Singapore Advanced Research & Education Network (SingAREN) Sony Marketing (Japan), Inc. STAR TAP Sumitomo Corp. Time Warner Telecommunications, Hawaii, USA Tokyo Telecommunication Network Co., Inc. University of Hawaii University of Illinois at Chicago The University of Tokyo University of Washington WIDE Project Wire One Technologies, Inc.

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