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Steve Pierce President The Oregon Chapter of the American Meteorological Society (AMS)

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Presentation on theme: "Steve Pierce President The Oregon Chapter of the American Meteorological Society (AMS)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Steve Pierce President The Oregon Chapter of the American Meteorological Society (AMS)

2 Oregon AMS Mission Statement “The purpose of this society shall be to advance professional ideals in the science of meteorology and to promote the development, exchange and application of meteorological knowledge.”

3 Current 2012/13 Oregon AMS Executive Council President – Steve Pierce Vice President – Bobby Corser Secretary – Brian MacMillan Treasurer & Web Master – John Rinier Councilors – Mark Nelsen, Tyree Wilde & Crystal Stout

4 Oregon AMS Updates Oregon AMS yearly membership dues are only $10 per year! The Oregon AMS is now the single largest AMS chapter in the country with 180 members. We host 8 monthly meetings per year along with the annual “Winter Weather Forecast Conference” now in it’s 21 st year. We also host a great season ending summer picnic. We are on Twitter @OregonAMS and we are also on Facebook at: Our web site is easily found on any search engine. Just type “Oregon AMS!” Are you an AMS member?

5 Oregon AMS Updates ** Upcoming Meetings ** Tuesday, March 19th 7:30pm “Hurricanes, weather patterns and climate change — why a few degrees matter” with Richard Anthes, former President of the American Meteorological Society (2007). Location: Portland State University. Co-sponsored by the Columbia / Willamette Sigma Xi chapter. April – *Tentative* Hydrology & Flood Forecasting Reliability w/ Les Miller (Army Corps) and Andy Bryant (National Weather Service). Time, Date and Location = TBD

6 A Quick Winter Weather Update

7 A Quick Winter Weather Update BORING WEATHER = NO SNOW!

8 Lt Col Matt Doggett Commander, 123 Weather Flight Oregon Air National Guard

9 Who Are We  Three Weather Units. Three distinct missions  Aviation 142FW ○ 123 FS OSW (Weather)  Special Ops 123STS ○ SOWT  Army 123WF

10 How We Are Organized

11 Air Force Weather History  The Early Years  1804. Military responsibility  1819. Medical Corps  1870. Signal Corps  1890. Weather Bureau  1937. Birthday!

12 The Early Years  Earliest known records

13 1804. Enter the military

14 1819-1870. The Medical Corps Dr Joseph Lovell

15 1870-1890. The Signal Corps An U.S. Army Signal Corps soldier at Pikes Peak weather station, transmits latest weather data by heliograph (circa 1880s)

16 1890-1917. The US Weather Bureau U.S. Army Signal Corps and Weather Bureau Station on Pikes Peak, altitude 14,147 feet (circa 1890s) (U.S. Army Signal Corps)

17 Birth of a Weather Service

18 Weather War Stories  Birth of the Jet Stream.  First Tornado Forecast  Small Forecast. Big Impact.  Winds of Change  Isn’t that Special?  A Quick Rescue  Beyond the Battlefield  The Final Frontier  Some Gave All Know the enemy, know yourself; your victory will never be endangered. Know the ground, know the weather; your victory will then be total. - Sun Tzu, The Art of War, c.400-320 b.c.

19 Birth of the Jet Stream. Carl-Gustav Rossby

20 First Tornado Forecast Aircraft damage from first Tornado at Tinker AFB, 20 Mar 1948 Capt Miller and Maj Fawbush

21 Small Forecast. Big Impact.

22 Winds of Change Within hours of the attacks, AFCCC produced special reports on winds for all three runways at Reagan National

23 Winds of Change AFWA iGRADS replaced the need for manned rawinsonde operations with a Field Artillery unit in a combat zone.

24 Isn’t that Special SOWT operator transmitting an observation from a remote location high in the mountains of Afghanistan.

25 A Quick Rescue

26 Beyond the Battlefield  Hurricanes, Volcanoes, and Floods! Oh my!  Haiti  Deepwater Horizon.  Pakistan flooding.

27 The Final Frontier  Rocket Launches  Shuttle support  Solar

28 Some Gave All Capt Nathan J Nylander 27 Apr 2011

29 Why Not Just Use the NWS?

30 NWS Ft Drum Forecast When will the snow start? When will it end? How much? Will my aircraft be able to fly? When will aviation be grounded? Will tracked vehicles be affected? Will satellites or communications be hindered?

31 US Air Force CWT Ft Drum Forecast


33 Training and Ops SMSgt Chris Payne Weather Forecasting School Weather Readiness Training Course Training at Home Station Operations

34 Unclassified/FOUO Weather Forecasting School, Keesler AFB – 30 weeks Training includes basic, intermediate, and advanced meteorology, meteorological reports and computer operations. Other topics include: satellite meteorology, weather chart analysis, weather radar, weather products, tropical meteorology, synoptic level analytical meteorology, weather prognosis techniques, and severe weather forecasting. Upon completion of Basic Training or transfer from sister service (US Army, US Navy, US Coast Guard or US Marines)

35 Wx School Course Outline Element 1 Block 1-Meteorology (Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced). Block 2-Satellite (Interpretation) Block 3-Encoding/Upper Air Charts Block 4-Macroscale Analysis Techniques (A Study of the long wave pattern to include physics and dynamics, an introduction to models, and they also have to successfully analyze a hemispheric chart, and satellite)

36 Wx School Course Outline Element 2 Block 5-Synoptic scale analysis techniques (Including: Physics, Dynamics, a more in-depth look at satellite interpretation, and model initialization/verification) Block 6-Synoptic Lab (Chart analysis of both the long wave pattern, synoptic pattern, satellite) Block 7-Mescoscale Analysis Techniques (A study of convective/non- convective severe weather, to include radar basics) Block 8-Mesoscale Analysis Lab (Analysis of Synoptic and Mesoscale features; students are actually put on an OPUP with a saved scenario (many scenarios) for them to practice, and special observations). Block 9-Macro/Synoptic Scale Forecast Techniques (Study of basic Macro/Synoptic scale rules/dynamics) Block 10-Macro/Synoptic Scale Forecast Lab

37 Wx School Course Outline Element 3 Block 11-Meso/Microscale Forecast Techniques Block 12- Meso/Microscale Forecast Lab (The students are given an in- depth look at models, further interpretation of the models, and how to apply them in the real world. Block 13-Forecast Lab (The students are given a base to forecast for, and issue WWA's, write TAFS, do manual observations, analyze charts/satellite Block 14-Air Force Weather Career Field (Basic 5 and 7 skill level progression, the FMQ-19, deployable equipment, some basic Army support terminology)

38 Active Duty Weather Troops –Assigned to one of eight (8) major Air Force Weather "Hubs" (which are major regional weather forecasting stations) Barksdale AFB, LA Shaw AFB, SC Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ Scott AFB, IL Sembach AB, Germany Yakota AB, Japan Hickam AFB, HI Elmendorff AFB, AK. –Undergo intensive on-the-job training for a period of 15 to 24 months.

39 17 Week Course (Starts every 4 weeks) –Observing, Met Applications, Army Unique Weather Support, Air Field Unique Weather Support ANG Weather Operations Course (Camp Blanding, FL)

40 Battlefield Airmen Weather Support Locations 210WF 199WF 127WF 154WF 208WF 156WF 105WF 200WF 113WF 207WF 159WF 202WF 203WF 209WF 116WF 123WF 126WF 125WF 164WF 195WF Battlefield Weather Flights supporting Conventional ARNG Forces 181WF 107WF 146WF Special Operations Weather Teams supporting Special Operations Forces

41 Army Weather Support Wx Warnings & Advisories Weather Briefings Extended Planning Weather Forecasts Climatology River Level Forecasts Weather Thresholds to weapons systems

42 Specific Mission and Army Customer –41 st IBCT (Clackamas, OR) –116 th CAV (Boise, ID) –State Joint Operations Center (Salem, OR)

43 Questions?

44 44

45 SOWT History - WWII Yugoslavia _ OSS recruited weathermen to parachute into German occupied Yugoslavia to radio out weather reports _ Supported bombing missions against targets in the Balkans to support supply missions to Marshall Tito’s partisans _ These men received their jump training at a British jump school in Palestine Normandy / Holland _ Weathermen attached to the 101 st ABN and 82 nd ABN _ Parachuted into Europe in order to provide weather data China-India-Burma Theater _ OSS weathermen parachuted into Burma to train Burmese fighters _ Trained to take & send out weather reports Pacific Theater _ JC-40 Group weathermen worked behind Japanese lines in the Philippines to support air strikes & naval bombardments in preparation for MacArthur’s campaign _ By October of 1944 they operated 39 weather reporting stations

46 SOWT History – Grimes Years Birth of Modern SOWT _ In 1963 Captain Keith Grimes formed Detachment 75 of the 2 nd Weather Group at Hurlburt Field to support Air Force Air Commandos _ ‘Jungle Jim’, elements provided weather support to special forces involved in unconventional warfare throughout Vietnam and surrounding countries _ 1965 deployed with 7 th SFG during the Dominican Republic crisis Laos _ 1965 to 1973 Grimes and his weatherman established a weather network in Laos _ They trained Laotians & Air America members how to record & transmit weather data _ At its height 10 Air America and 18 Laotian sites were producing & transmitting 4500 observations a month Cambodia _ 1974 LtCol Grimes as commander, established weather network in Cambodia creating 3 weather stations _ Improved aerial reconnaissance and resupply missions

47 SOWT Training Pipeline Special Operations Weather Selection Course, Lackland, AFB - 2 weeks Special Operations Weather Initial Skills Course, Keesler AFB – 29 weeks Training includes basic, intermediate, and advanced meteorology, meteorological reports and computer operations. Other topics include: satellite meteorology, weather chart analysis, weather radar, weather products, tropical meteorology, synoptic level analytical meteorology, weather prognosis techniques, and severe weather forecasting. U.S. Army Airborne School, Fort Benning - 3 weeks U.S. Air Force Basic Survival School, Fairchild AFB, - 2 ½ weeks U.S. Air Force Water Survival Training, Fairchild AFB – 2 days U.S. Air Force Underwater Egress Training, Fairchild AFB - 2 days Special Operations Weather Apprentice Course, Pope AFB – 13 weeks Special Tactics Operational Readiness Training, Hurlburt Field - 12-months Produces mission-ready operators for the Air Force and U.S. Special Operations Command

48 Additional SOWT Training - Static Line Jumpmaster - Military Free Fall Parachutist - MFF Jumpmaster - Military Scout Swimmer - Military Scuba Qualification - Avalanche Analysis and Forecasting (LVL 2) - Riverine Analysis and Forecasting Course -Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operator Certification

49 SOWT Core Competencies - E nvironmental Collection Terrain Analysis Riverine Assessments Avalanche Hazard Assessments Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS) WX Sensor Emplacement - Austere Airfield Weather Operations Surface/Upper Air Observations - Limited Data Forecasting/ Nowcasting/ Mission Execution Forecasting - Chemical Downwind Message

50 SOWT Way Ahead National Meteorological Service Assessments Assess a nation's meteorological infrastructure strictly based on the nation's capability to provide operationally and tactically relevant and accurate weather information in support of SOF missions and mission profiles to include FID, COIN, and other SOF-enabled operations. Establishing SOF and Indigenous Weather Networks Organize, train, equip, advise, and assist SOF and indigenous forces to build meteorological capacity/infrastructure in order to provide a more adequate weather data coverage Weather Site Surveys Conduct weather site surveys of existing airfield services, of airfields without services, and of assault landing zones to determine the level of existing weather operations or the requirement for weather capabilities IOT allow for use in humanitarian, nation building, or other activities.

51 OREGON MILITARY DEPARTMENT Command Brief American Meteorological Society Col Mike Bieniewicz

52 52 Federal Mission Provide trained combat ready, front-line units to deploy in support of the national military strategy – to deter war. Provide the citizens of the State of Oregon and the United States with a ready force of citizen soldiers and airmen, equipped and trained to respond to any contingency, natural or manmade. State Mission

53 53 FSA/AuthorizedAssigned Army Guard 6428* 6618 Air Guard2202 2187 Totals 8630 8795 Information current as of 6 Jan 12 Manning Levels * NGB Authorized Strength: 6650

54 54 AIR Brig Gen Gregg Salem 41 IBCT Tigard TAG MG Rees Salem Governor Kitzhaber Salem Chain of Command 142 FW Portland Deputy Director and State Defense Force Commander BG Caldwell ARMY BG Bush Salem COG Col Bieniewicz Portland 173 FW Klamath Falls 82 BDE Lake Oswego Oregon Emergency Management

55 Camp Withycombe Clackamas Gresham Corvallis Coos Bay Burns Grants Pass Ashland Hillsboro Forest Grove Klamath Falls Medford Kliever Jackson Tigard St. Helens Lebanon McMinnville Roseburg 162 Regiment AFRC Woodburn Albany Dallas Newport Prineville Baker City Hermiston The Dalles Hood River Milton-Freewater La Grande Lake Oswego Redmond Salem JFHQ, ARC, 17 St., AASF Pendleton Ontario Bend Camp Rilea Monmouth RTI Pendleton AASF Biak Unit Locations 55 Warrenton to Ashland 340 425 Coos Bay to Ontario Portland IAP Camp Rilea

56 56 2002 Operation Southern Watch529 Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF - Afghanistan)108 State Fires1600 2003 Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) 1305 ONE66 2004 OIF 1396 OEF 62 2005 OIF 152 OEF 127 TF Katrina 1,930 13080 Service Members Deployed Since 2002 2006 OIF3 OEF942 2007 OIF 337 OEF5 GTMO6 2008 OIF39 OEF17 2009 OIF3267 OEF111 Deployments Since 2002 2010 OIF/New Dawn (OND)549 OEF253 2011 OND12 OEF 258 2012 OND0 OEF170 2013 OND0* OEF20* *FY 2013 Numbers are projected based off of current sourcing requirements

57 UNCLASSIFIED/FOUO 57 Canada 142FW (1) Kyrgyzstan 142FW (1) Qatar 142 FW (2) COG (1) Operations/Deployments AIR – CONUS 142 FW (5) 173 FW (3) COG (2) ARMY – CONUS MOB/DEMOB sites (2) Operational Support (0) CBWTU (53) WTU (26) ALT MTF (7) NGB (75) SW Border (2) Afghanistan 142 FW (2) 173 FW (1) COG (12) 1186 MP (146) 115 MPAD (18) 2-641 AV (3) Germany 142FW (1) JFHQ (1) Army353 Air46 Joint Total399 England 173FW (2) Bahrain 142FW (3) UAE 142FW (6) 173FW (1) COG (1) Djibouti JFHQ (1) Egypt C 7-158 AV (1) Kuwait 142FW (2) 173FW (1) C 7-158 AV (20)

58 Oregon Air National Guard 58

59 Guarding America – Defending Freedom Oregon Air National Guard 2200+ Members Two F-15 Wings –Portland – 142 FW - Air Defense –Klamath Falls – 173 FW – F-15 Training Combat Ops Group –Special Ops –ATC –Air Battle Management –Weather

60 Oregon ANG Units 142 FW COG/HQ 125 STS 123 WF 116 ACS Warrenton Portland 173FW 270 ATCS Klamath Falls JFHQ Salem 142 FW Aerospace Control Alert (ACA) 173 FW F-15 C/D FTU (ANG & Active Duty) State Combat Operations Group (COG) 116 th Air Control Squadron 270 th Air Traffic Control Squadron 123 rd Weather Flight 125 th Special Tactics Squadron State Partnership Program Bangladesh Vietnam 60

61 Guarding America – Defending Freedom Provide 24/7 Air Defense of the Pacific Northwest, Dominate the Air Superiority Arena, and Support National Security Objectives 142d Fighter Wing

62 173d Fighter Wing Produce the best air-to-air combat pilots, intelligence specialists, and healthcare professionals and serve our nation and state in times of peace and war

63 Combat Operations Group To provide our nation, state, allies and partners with the means to plan and conduct air, space, and cyberspace operations, any time, any where 63

64 Questions? 64

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