Presentation on theme: "International Student Graduate Admissions, Michigan State University"— Presentation transcript:
1International Student Graduate Admissions, Michigan State University Foreign Credentials, Fraudulent Documents & Overview of the Chinese Education SystemBernard RamosDirector of EvaluationsEducational Perspectives, nfp15 January 2015International Student Graduate Admissions, Michigan State University
2Focus AreasWhat is a foreign, academic credential? Who is authorized to issue them? How do you maintain the integrity of the document?What can be reviewed, compared, verified and analyzed on a document that can deter and spot fraud?Overview of the Chinese Education SystemUndergraduate and graduate degree programsCredits and Grading ScaleDocumentation: Degree Certificate, Graduation Certificate, Academic TranscriptsVerification outlets: CDGDC and CHESICC
3What is a Foreign Academic Credential? Who issues it? Who is it for? What is considered an official academic credential in the US is based on the document that is considered official in the country of study.Can this document be used in the home country among educational institutions? Or are they useful only for purposes of employment and other uses?Official Documents: The acceptable source for official credentials is from the institution that is authorized to issue them.Sent Direct DocumentsOriginal DocumentsAttested PhotocopiesPhotocopiesNon-Official DocumentsCredentials that are not issued by the appropriate authority or authorized office and department such as a faculty, the dean, a professor, etc.In many cases, documents that are not useful among educational institutions in the country of studyInvalidated credentials such as documents issued to students when they specifically state ‘Confidential’ or ‘Not to be issued to Student’
4Your Assistance is Requested: Translation and Interpretation In general, it is best to accept academic records in the official language of the country of study, although exceptions apply. In some countries, official credentials are issued in the English language.Call the document based on what it is called in the country of study, not what is interpreted to be in the United States‘Transcript,’ ‘Plan of Studies,’ ‘Syllabi’‘College,’ ‘Postsecondary School,’ ‘Higher Education Institution’When do you need translations? Who gets to translate the documents? Do you require translations from a reputable/certified translator? Can you rely on your school’s Modern Language Department/Faculty?When you do accept translations, do you require documents in the native language to be submitted?Know the difference between a translation and an interpretationHow to identify good or bad translation: Do course titles seem to cater to your faculty’s requirements?Mao Zedong’s Thoughts or Political TheoryNational ‘Propaganda’ Course or Civic EducationHistory of the Communist Part of China or Political Science
5Small Detail ● Big Deal Spotting Fraudulent Information Review and compare the biographical and educational information on the student’s application against their credentials:Check the student’s demographic information: first, middle, last names; date of birth; genderDo the names match? Is it the same person on the application form?Is it possible to get a Bachelor’s degree at age 12?Who is allowed to attend an All-Girls School? A Women’s College of Education?Education History can help evaluate documents and know where to place the credentials in the education ladderUse the applicant’s educational history to check if the order of education is logical and within the context of the educational system and age appropriateness of the studentGrades matterCheck consistency of grades—be judiciousAre all grades ‘A’ ?
6Overview of the Chinese Education System Postsecondary StudyZhuanke 专科 programs, Short-Cycle study, Junior College studyTypically 3-year programsGenerally focused on applied study, for employmentLead to DiplomasStudents have the possibility of continuing on to benke degree programs; duration is typically two additional yearsBenke 本科 programs, Long-Cycle study, Degree ProgramDuration is typically 4 years for undergraduate study; 5 years for professional study such as Architecture, Medicine, Veterinary MedicineMaster 硕士degree programs typically lasts 2 to 3 yearsThe first two or three semesters are spent on taking courses and examinations and the rest is spent on research and thesis preparation
7Common Terms Certificate of Graduation 毕业证书 Degree Certificate 学位证书 Bachelor 学士Master 硕士Arts/Literature 文学Economics 经济Engineering 工Management 管理Medicine 医学Science 理学Veterinary Medicine 兽医
8Grading Scale 4-Point Scale 5-Point Scale Chinese Letter Grade PercentageCharacterDescriptorEP GradeA85-100%优ExcellentB75-84%良GoodC60-74%及格 or 中Satisfactory/PassF0-59%不及格Fail5-Point ScaleChinese Letter GradePercentageCharacterDescriptorEP GradeA90-100%优ExcellentB80-89%良GoodC70-79%中SatisfactoryC+D60-69%及格PassE/F0-59%不及格FailF
9RecapAn official academic record must be issued by an authority, institution, or office that is authorized to issue themA document that is original may not necessarily mean it is an official academic record. An official academic record may be in an original state or photocopied.The language of the document matters in determining whether the credential is official or not.Know the difference between a translation and interpretation.Call the credential what it is in the home country, not what it is considered to be in the United StatesCheck the names, date of birth, gender if they all match; check consistency of gradesKnow the difference between a Diploma program and Degree program; zhuanke or short-term cycle and benke or long-term cycle
12College Record Transcript Application for Admission to an Educational Institution in the United States (U.S.A.)/Canada/Germany/UK and All CountriesCollege Record TranscriptNote: Enter below the information requested for each of the subject which will have been completed before beginning studies in the United States (U.S.A.)/ Canada/ UK/ Germany & all other countries. Enter subject in chronological order. And evaluation will be made on the basis of the statement made below.
13Swami Sahajanand College Of Commerce & Management Statement of MarksRegistrar signaturePrincipalSwami Sahajanand CollegeOf Commerce & ManagementBhavnagar
17Regulations on Academic Degrees of the People’s Republic of China CertificateBachelor DegreeEngineeringBachelor DegreeRegulations on Academic Degrees of the People’s Republic of ChinaShanghai University