Presentation on theme: "Transportation Security SYST 461/660, OR750 SPRING 2013 Irvin Varkonyi Adj Professor GMU School of Public Policy."— Presentation transcript:
Transportation Security SYST 461/660, OR750 SPRING 2013 Irvin Varkonyi Adj Professor GMU School of Public Policy
Transportation Security The Who, What, When, Where, Why and How Exaggerated? Or real? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXzYTDR1 UZU
Transportation Security O Your Bob Crandall video about American Airlines – Security concerns? O Are there differences between security and safety? O Are there connections between security in the aviation industry and other transportation modes?
Transportation Security O Aviation security violations O 9/11 O The Shoe bomber – Richard Reid O The Underwear bomber - Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab O Yemeni bomber
Transportation Security O Privacy and Airport Screening O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rouOrvftI 4c http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rouOrvftI 4c O The tip of the iceberg? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrRC31p nOf4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TrRC31p nOf4
Transportation Security Who? O Good guys O Bad guys O Passers-by
Transportation Security What? O Protection of people, assets O Our economy and our lifestyle O Risk Management
Transportation Security When? O 1960’s/1970’s Hijackings/terrorism O 1990’s aviation terrorism outside US, such as Pan Am Lockerbie O 2000’s/aviation terrorism inside US
Transportation Security Where? O Cuba O Europe O US – DB Cooper - refers to an unidentified man who hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the airspace between Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, on November 24, 1971. He extorted $200,000 in ransom and parachuted to an uncertain fate. Despite an extensive manhunt and an ongoing FBI investigation, the perpetrator has never been located or positively identified. The case remains the only unsolved air piracy in American aviation history.
Transportation Security Why? O Money? O Cold War? O Middle East conflict? O Mental breakdowns?
Transportation Security How? 1. Transportation Security – Edwards/Goodrich 2. Aviation Security – After Four Decades, It’s Time for Fundamental Review – Jenkins 3. TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan
Jenkins/Rand O From 9/12/01 through end of 2011, there were 75 terrorist attacks on airliners with 157 deaths O In same period, 2000 terrorist attacks on trains with 4000 fatalities
Jenkins/Rand O US population – a cantankerous bunch O Hostility of Congress – hostility between Executive/Legislative – hostility between Democrats and Republicans O Hawley – Permanent Emergency O Develop flexibility O Less focus on objects, more focus on passengers O Use of Pre-check
Jenkins/Rand O Consider real changes: O Outside organizations to design optimal aviation security (i.e. take security outside of terminal?) O Trusted travelers/trusted cargo shippers
TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan O http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/intermoda l-transportation-systems http://www.tsa.gov/stakeholders/intermoda l-transportation-systems O Fulfill requirements of HSPD – 7 (see earlier reference by Edwards/Goodrich) O National Infrastructure Protection Plan O TSA and US Coast Guard are Sector-Specific Agencies for Transportation Systems Sector
TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan O Expansive, open and accessible set of interconnected systems of airways, roads, tracks, terminals, and conveyances that provide services essential to our way of life O The Sector Partnership Model O Transportation Systems Sector Risk Management Framework
TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan O Four goals 1. Prevent and deter acts of terrorism 2. All-hazard preparedness and resilience 3. Effective use of resources 4. Improve sector situational awareness Risk = f(probability, consequence) (natural disaster Risk = f(threat, vulnerability, consequence) (terrorism)
TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan O Mission, Asset and System Specific Risk Assessments – a scenario specific approach O Modal Assessments – high risk focus with a mode of transportation O Sector Assessment and Comparative Analysis – cross modal comparative analyses focusing on two or more modes O Risk prioritization, measuring effectiveness, research and development
TSA Transportation Systems Specific Plan O Capability Gap Process – a tool used to develop detailed risk-based needs that focus on delivering the necessary capabilities to mitigate top risks.