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TECHNICAL INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM. GENERAL INFORMATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM.

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Presentation on theme: "TECHNICAL INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM. GENERAL INFORMATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM."— Presentation transcript:

1 TECHNICAL INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

2 GENERAL INFORMATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

3 General informationsGeneral informations Polyethylene PE Polypropylen PP PVC, PS,... PolyolefinesFluorpolymeres Polyvinylidenfluorid PVDF Ethylen-Chlortrifluorethylen ECTFE Range of Plastics Synthetic PlasticsModified Natural Substances Polymers Polycondensates Polyadducts Thermoplasts Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

4 WHY PLASTICS ?  Good physical properties (low specific weight, flexible material,...)  Wide range of application fields  Easy handling  Easy installation  Superior chemical resistance  Clean material General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

5 MATERIAL PROPERTIES INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

6 POLYETHYLEN PE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE CC HH HH n General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

7 POLYETHYLEN PE GENERAL PROPERTIES  Flexible  Low specific weight of 0,95 kg/dm³  Favourable transportation (e.g. coils)  Good weathering resistance  Good weldability  No deposits and no overgrowth possible  Resistant to rodents General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

8 POLYETHYLEN PE GENERAL PROPERTIES / TYPES Molecularstructure PE 100 (3rd Generation) Modified controlled polymerisation process with new catalysts  bimodule structure result in better properties Molecularstructure = composition of only one polymer [Polyethylen with high Density (PEHD)] PE80 (2nd Generation) = composition of only one polymer [Polyethylen with high Density (PEHD)] Low pressure polymerisation process (standard) General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

9 PE 100 PE 80 TREND General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

10 POLYPROPYLEN PP CHEMICAL STRUCTURE CC HCH 3 HH n General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

11 POLYPROPYLEN PP GENERAL PROPERTIES  Flexible  Low specific weight of 0,91 kg/dm³  Favourable transportation (e.g. coils)  Corrosion resistant  Good weldability  Resistant to all kinds of microbic corrosion  Low permeability General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

12 POLYPROPYLEN PP GENERAL PROPERTIES / TYPES = composition of only one polymer, the prolypropylene PP-B 80 (Block-Copolymer) PP-H 100 (Homopolymer) P – P – P – P – P – P – P – P – P – P = compolymer, where Ethylene is taken up in blocks up to 30 % (normally <7%) P – P – P – E – E – E – P – P – P – P PP-R 80 (Random-Copolymer) = certain percentage (2 – 7%) of Ethylene is built in static distributed E – P – E – P – P – P – E – P – P – P General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

13 POLYVINYLIDENFLUORIDE PVDF CHEMICAL STRUCTURE PVDF results at the polymerisation process of Vinylidenefluoride CC F H H n F (C 2 H 2 F 2 ) n General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

14 POLYVINYLIDENFLUORID PVDF GENERAL PROPERTIES  High heat resistant  Very good chemical resistance  Resistant against UV- and g – radiation  Excellent abrasion resistance (low friction coefficient)  Superior insulation and electrical properties  Flame retarding (UL94-VO)  Good mechanical properties General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

15 POLYVINYLIDENFLUORID PVDF GENERAL PROPERTIES Pipes, Fittings, Valves and Semi Finished Products are manufactured out of one raw material SOLEF = Suspensions-PVDF higher degree of crystallinity higher melting point higher thermomechanical properties (compared to the Emulsionprocess) Solef 1010 Solef 1008 Solef 6010 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

16 ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE CHEMICAL STRUCTURE Copolymer out of Ethylen and Chlortrifluoroethylen CCCC H Cl F HFF HH n (-CH 2 – CH 2 – CF 2 – CF -) n Cl (C 4 H 4 F 3 Cl) n General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

17 ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE GENERAL PROPERTIES  Broad operating temperature range  UV and g – radiation resistant  ageing resistant  Flame retardant (UL94-V0)  Marvellous chemical resistance (acids, alkalis, solvents, chlorine,...)  Physiologically non-toxic  Very good sliding properties General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

18 ETHYLENCHLORTRIFLUORETHYLEN ECTFE GENERAL PROPERTIES Pipes, Fittings, Valves and Semi Finished Products are manufactured out of one raw material  HALAR ECTFE Halar 901 Halar 350 Halar 901 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

19 CREEP CURVES INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

20 CREEP CURVE PE 100 0,11, ,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 20°C 40°C 60°C Standzeit [Jahre] 10°C 80°C 100 Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] 20°C 50 years 10,0 N/mm²  MRS10 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

21 CREEP CURVE PE 100 0,11, ,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 20°C 40°C 60°C Standzeit [Jahre] 10°C 80°C 100 Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] ~6,7 N/mm² 10 years 50°C General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

22 CREEP CURVE PP-H100 0,11, ,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50, Standzeit [Jahre] 20°C 40°C 60°C 70°C 80°C 95°C °C 30°C 50°C 90°C Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] 10 N/mm²  MRS10 20°C 50 years General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

23 CREEP CURVE PP-R80 0,11, ,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 7,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50, Standzeit [Jahre] 20°C 40°C 80°C °C 30°C 50°C 60°C 70°C 95°C 90°C Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] ~9,8 N/mm² 20°C 50 years  MRS8 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

24 CREEP CURVE PVDF ,1 1,0 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1,0 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,0 6,0 8,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 7,0 20°C 30°C 40°C 50°C 60°C 70°C 80°C 90°C 95°C 100°C 110°C 120°C 130°C 140°C Time to fail [years] Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] 20°C27 N/mm² 50 years General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

25 CREEP CURVE ECTFE °C 60°C 23°C Time to fail [years] Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] ~18 N/mm² 20°C 10 years General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

26 CREEP BEHAVIOUR PE100 / PP-H100 / PP-R80 / PVDF / ECTFE Reference stress [N/mm²] Medium: water 20°C & 50 years 0,11, ,0 9,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 20°C 40°C 10°C 50°C 30°C 10 Reference stress sv [N/mm²] Time to fail [h] Standzeit [Jahre] 100 ECTFE PVDF PE100 PP-H100 PP-R80 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

27 CREEP BEHAVIOUR PE100 / PP-H100 / PP-R80 / PVDF / ECTFE Reference stress [N/mm²] Medium: water 20°C & 50 years 10 9, (10 years) General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

28 DENSITY PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications PE PP PVDF ECTFE

29 TEMPERATURE LIMITS [°C] PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE Limit [°C] Minimum Temperature Maximum Temperature PEPPPVDFECTFE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications Limit [°C]

30 MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

31 MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS  PE-el:Polyethylene electro-conductive  PP-s:Polypropylene self-extinguishing  PPs-el:Polypropylene self-extinguishing and electro-conductive  PP white  PP-s white  PP black Modifications will influence the properties of the standard materials General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

32 MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS APPLICATIONS PE-el:Surface resistivity <106 [Ohm] Lining of tanks and containers PP-s:UL94 – V2 to V0 (s>9mm) Ventilation piping system PP-s-el:UL94 – V0 and a surface resistivity of <106 [Ohm] Transport systems for explosive media MaterialPropertyTypical application General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

33 MODIFIED THERMOPLASTICS APPLICATIONS PP white: Construction of facilities PP-s white: UL94 – V2 to V0 (s>9mm) Wet benches PP black: Resistant against UV radiation Out door systems MaterialProperty Typical application General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications Slightly blue coloured

34 CALCULATION GUIDELINES INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

35 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE s da example: da = 110mm s = 10mm SDR = ? SDR = da s = = 11 SDR = s da General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications SDR...Standard Dimension Ratio da...Outside diameter [mm] s...Wall thickness [mm] SDR

36 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE S = SDR example: SDR11 S=? S= SDR = = 5  therefore:...SDR11 ISO-S5... General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications S-NUMBER

37 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE p zul = 20. MRS (SDR – 1). c min General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications OPERATING PRESSURE pzul...permissible operating pressure [bar] MRS...Minimum Required Strength [N/mm²] SDR...Standard Dimension Ratio Cmin...Safety factor (=1,25 acc. ISO 12162)

38 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE example: PE 100  MRS = 10 N/mm² SDR 11 c min = 1,25 p zul = ? p zul = 20. MRS (SDR – 1). c min = (11 – 1). 1,25 = 16 bar General informations General informations Material properties Material properties Creep curves Modified thermoplastics Modified thermoplastics Calculation guidelines Calculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary joints Temporary joints Philosophy injection moulding Philosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep test Compressive creep test Typical applications OPERATING PRESSURE

39 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications SAFETY FACTOR

40 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA P a = PBPB f AP. f CR. A Z Pa... Operating pressure of the relevant application [bar] PB... Component operating pressure, valid for water [bar] fAP... Application factor fCR... Chemical resistance factor according DVS AZ... Reducing factor for the specific tenacity General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

41 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA Application factor f AP General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

42 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA General informations General informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications Reducing factor for the specific tenacity by low temperatures (DVS 2205, part 1) *) not recommended

43 CALCULATION GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE OPERATING PRESSURE FOR WATER-DANGEROUS MEDIA example: PE 100  MRS = 10 N/mm² SDR 11, C = 1,25 medium : nitric acid, 53% concentration temperature: 20°C p ad = 20. MRS (SDR – 1). C min = (11 – 1). 1,25 = 16 bar p a = pBpB f AP. f CR. A Z = 16 1,6. 2,00. 1 = 5 bar General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

44 WELDING GUIDELINES INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

45 WELDING GUIDELINES PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE Flange connection (detachable joint) Union (detachable joint) Thread connection (detachable joint) Heating element butt welding Electrosocket welding Extrusion welding Hot gas welding General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

46 HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE pipe end heating element Preparation of the welding Alignment and preheating Joining and cooling General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications PRINCIPLE

47 HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE Welding time Alignment Adjusting Joining pressure build-up Cooling Praeheating temperature Welding- temperature Alignment resp. Joining pressure pressure General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications PRINCIPLE

48 HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE WELDING MACHINE FOR BIG Ø General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

49 HEATING ELEMENT BUTT WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE BUILDING-SITE WELDING MACHINE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

50 HEATING ELEMENT SOCKET WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE fitting heating element pipe end Preparation of the welding Alignment and pre-heating Joining and cooling General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

51 HEATING ELEMENT SOCKET WELDING PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

52 ELECTROFUSION PE/PP connection pin welding wire indicator middle stop pipe end Principle: The welding wire is heated up due to the energy input of the welding machine. Pipe and electro fusion fitting are welded together. General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

53 ELECTROFUSION WELDING MACHINE Polymatic plus General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

54 EXTRUSION WELDING PE/PP/PVDF hot gas working piece welding device supplying of welding filler (from extruder) welding shoe welded seam General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

55 EXTRUSION WELDING PE/PP/PVDF HAND EXTRUSION EQUIPMENT General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

56 HOT GAS WELDING PE/PP/PVDF welding rod hot gas working piece welding device welded steam General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

57 HOT GAS WELDING PE/PP/PVDF General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

58 TEMPORARY JOINTS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

59 FLANGE CONNECTION PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE pipe stub flange screws backing ring sealing Principle: The stub flanges, which are welded onto the pipes, are pressed by the help of the screws onto the sealing between it. General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

60 UNION PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE sealing union nut threaded part compression part General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

61 UNION PE/PP/PVDF/ECTFE General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

62 THREADED CONNECTION PE/PP/PVDF standard metric thread (NPT-thred on request) welding area fully coated plastic flow area General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

63 THREADED CONNECTION PE/PP/PVDF General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

64 PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

65 PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING CENTRAL INJECTION MOULDING GATE  High dimensional accurancy of the fitting  No joint lines (source of weakness!)  Low internal stresses  Same flow distance for all flow paths  High long time properties (internal pressure test): -Requirements for the standards: 165h -AGRU fittings reach more than 1.500h upto h  higher safety General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

66 PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING DECENTRAL INJECTION MOLDING GATE  Limited dimensional accurancy of the fitting  Joint lines (source of weakness!)  Low long time properties  High internal stresses  Different flow distance for all flow paths General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications joint line

67 PHILOSOPHY INJECTION MOULDING CENTRAL MOULDING GATE  High dimensional stability  Low internal stresses  Good weldability  Increased long time properties General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications  PRODUCT PROPERTIES

68 PRODUCT RANGE INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

69 PRODUCT RANGE PE/PP  Extruded pipes in all pressure rates(Ø20 – 1400) PE pipes available on request up to 2200mm  Fittings for electrosocket and butt welding (“elongated“ fittings) upto 315mm  Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded (-500mm)  Segmented (fabricated) fittings for butt welding (- 1400mm) General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

70 PRODUCT RANGE PE/PP  Electrofusion fittings (mainly PE)  Fittings for heating element socket welding (“socket fusion“ fittings) upto 110mm  Special fittings  Sheets, roundbars, welding rods General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

71 PRODUCT RANGE PVDF  Extruded pipes upto Ø400mm  Sockets for electrofusion (HPF-welding)  Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded (-315mm)  Socket welding fittings Ø20 - Ø110mm  Valves, fittings General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

72 PRODUCT RANGE ECTFE  Extruded pipes upto Ø160mm  Fittings for butt welding, injection moulded upto 110mm  Diaphragm valves upto Ø63mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

73 COMPRESSIVE CREEP TEST INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

74 LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST ACC. DIN 8078 Test criteria: 1000h at 95°C s=3,5N/mm² Test result: >2400h without failure AGRU PP-pipe General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

75 LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST ACC. DIN 8078 Other PP pipes in comparison Test criteria: 1000h at 95°C s=3,5N/mm² Test result: 36h until fail General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

76 LONG TERM INTERNAL PRESSURE TEST ACC. DIN 8078 General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

77 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM

78 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Double containment piping system for the transport of chemicals which could contaminate the soil in ecological sensitive areas. General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

79 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Drainage system for a bridge PE Ø315mm Connectors Ø90mm Butt- and Electrosocket welding General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

80 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM PE Water distribution system AGRU- plant1 Main dimensions Ø200mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

81 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Water for industrial use distribution system PE Piping system in connection with PE storage tanks General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

82 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM PP Ducting Ø560mm Segmented (fabricated) fittings General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

83 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Feed line for the transport of hazard chemicals, manufactured in PP Segmented fittings Ø560mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

84 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Support pipe line in PP Ø355mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

85 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM PVDF Process ducting Ø40mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

86 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM Chemical support line for a mixing unit in PVDF Ø50 and Ø32mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

87 TYPICAL APPLICATIONS INDUSTRIAL PIPING SYSTEM ECTFE Process piping system Ø32 and Ø50mm General informationsGeneral informations Material propertiesMaterial properties Creep curves Modified thermoplasticsModified thermoplastics Calculation guidelinesCalculation guidelines Welding guidelines Temporary jointsTemporary joints Philosophy injection mouldingPhilosophy injection moulding Product range Compressive creep testCompressive creep test Typical applicationsTypical applications

88 AGRU Kunststofftechnik GmbH Ing.-Pesendorfer-Str. 31 A-4540 Bad Hall Austria / EU T +43 (0) F +43 (0) E Subject to errors of typesetting, misprints and modifications. Illustration are generic and for reference only! THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION


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