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結論部分 1. 基本內容與結構 2. 介紹研究結果 3. 敘述研究結果 4. 說明或評論研究結果 5. 時態.

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Presentation on theme: "結論部分 1. 基本內容與結構 2. 介紹研究結果 3. 敘述研究結果 4. 說明或評論研究結果 5. 時態."— Presentation transcript:

1 結論部分 1. 基本內容與結構 2. 介紹研究結果 3. 敘述研究結果 4. 說明或評論研究結果 5. 時態

2 1. 本段內容的三個要素 介紹研究結果,而且往往一個句子指出反 映完整研究結果的圖表。 概述最重要的研究結果。 對研究結果作出評或概括由這些結果得到 的推論。

3 2. 介紹研究結果 Fig.5 shows the influences of secondary fragmentation on char loadings. Data in Table 3 show that operating and capital costs of DicTT technology are significantly lower. The effect of having higher turbine inlet temperature on the cycle thermal efficiency is shown in Figure 4.

4 At night the average hourly heat release from storage is massive. At night the average hourly heat release from storage is massive. At night the average hourly heat release is massive, as shown in Fig (3.) At night the average hourly heat release is massive, as Fig. 3 shows. As shown in Fig.3, at night the average hourly heat release is massive. As Fig.3 shows, at night the average hourly heat release is massive.

5 3. 敘述研究結果 The sensible and latent heat fluxes of Case 1 in daytime were greater than those of Case 2, but there was little difference in net longwave radiation. The ionic conductivities of these membranes were either very close to or slightly lower than that of a Nafion 117 membrane. Bubbles were hold between the two bottom electrodes at EHD voltages exceeding 10kV, and consequently heat transfer coefficients were adversely affected owing to the bubbles blanketing the heating surface.

6 科技論文中,作者常常必須敘述的 研究結果有: 某個參數或變數在某段時間內的變化情況。 不同試樣、方法或研究物件之間的比較。 不同參數或變數之間的關係或影響。

7 表達參數或變數在某段時間內變化的基本句型 參數或變量過去簡單式動詞時間 The enhancement factor The pressure increased decreased rose fell dropped when the applied voltage was from 0kV to 20kV. after more heat flux was added The number of postgraduates in Management School declined went up went down remained constant remained unchanged From 1998 to 2000. The pressurepeaked reached a maximum reached a minimum after 20 seconds. in 2001

8 不同試樣、方法或研究物件之間比較的基本句型 項目 1 用於比較的動詞 片語 項目 2 The power throughput of the condenser increased much slower than that of the evaporator. The NRP algorithm has much higher packet dropping rate, when compared to the PRP algorithm. The PRP protocolhas a higher blocking probability than the NRP algorithm.

9 不同試樣、方法或研究物件之間的比較。在進行比 較時,句子中常出現形容詞、副詞的比較級、最高 級。 The fastest algorithm was the genetic algorithm. Samples 1 had the highest magnetic resistance. The temperature difference between the cases with and without anthropogenic heat was smallest near dawn.

10 不同參數或變數之間的關係或影響。常用的句型包 括含有如 correlated 、 related 等動詞的句子以及包含 描述其中一個參數或變數變化的子句的複合句。 參數 1 關係參數 2 Pressurewas correlated with was negatively correlated was dependent on was independent of was determined by was closely related to the ambient temperature.

11 表達參數或變數之間關係或影響的 基本句型(複合句) 參數 1 主句動詞連接 詞 參數 2 子句動詞 Pressureincreased decreased rose fell as when Temperatureincreased. decreased. rose. fell.

12 也可改寫為簡單句 Pressure increased with an increase in temperature. Pressure increased with temperature. An increase in temperature let to an increase in pressure.

13 4. 說明或評論研究結果 A. 根據本人的研究結果作出推論。 These results suggest that untrained octopuses can learn a task more quickly by observing the behavior of another octopus than by reward-and–punishment methods. B. 作者解釋研究結果或說明產生研究結果的原因。 These findings are understandable because the initial annealing temperature dictates the state of conformational structures. C. 作者對此次研究結果與其他研究者曾發生的結果作比較, 例如出自己的結果是否與其他研究者的結果一致。 These results agree with Gerner’s analysis, in that Qmax varies inversely with length and to the third power of the pipe width.

14 D. 作者對自己的研究方法或技術的性能與其研 究者的方法技術的性能進行比較,這種比較常 出現在工程類研究論文中。 The recognition rate of our system is significantly higher than that reported for Token’s system. E. 作者指出自己的理論模型是否與實驗資料符 合。 The measured temperatures along the heat pipe were all highly consistent with the predictions of the theoretical model.

15 個別評論方式 Results Figures 3 and 4 show the transient response of the power throughput and the temperatures for the disk-shaped heat pipe and the flat-plat heat pipe during the startup process, respectively. As shown in Figs. 3(a) and 4(a), the power throughput of the evaporator increases rapidly during the initial phase of the transient. Conversely, the power throughput of the condenser increases much slower and reaches the steady-state about 5-s later than that of the evaporator. This is because the thermal capacity of the evaporator is smaller than that of the condenser due to the fact that the condenser area is seven times larger than the evaporator area for the disk-shaped heat pipe and nine times for the flat-plate heart pipe… The transient responses of the vapor temperature and the wall outer surface temperatures are shown in Fig.3 (b) and Fig.4 (b). The temperature difference across evaporator wall and wick is larger than that across condenser wall and wick. This is because the heat flux in the evaporator is larger than that in the condenser due to the smaller evaporator area… The vapor and wall outer surface temperatures along the heat pipe at different times during the starting transient are shown in Fig.6 and Fig.7. For both disk- shaped and flat-plate heat pipes, the bottom wick acts as a condenser. Therefore, the temperatures at the bottom wall outer surface are almost uniform. This indicates that neglecting heat conduction along he heap pipe is reasonable for the bottom wall and wick regions…

16 綜合評論方式 The results are shown in Figure 4. The two tests of quenching from 153 ℃ have identical creep curves, confirming the thermo reversibility of quenching and aging as well as the reliability of the apparatus. The quench from 153 ℃ to 0 ℃ produced the least dense structure and the highest creep, whereas the quench from 96 ℃ to 0 ℃ yielded the most dense structure, leading to the slowest creep behavior. These results are understandable because the initial annealing temperature determines the state of conformational structures, from which the quenching takes place. For a higher T, greater excess free volume or molecular mobility is most likely to be frozen in to the glassy matrix if quenching is performed properly. Thus molecular mobility is determined by the initial annealing temperature.

17 5. 時態 These findings suggest that the equivalence ratio is the strongest factor affecting the NOx emission levels through its influence on the combustion wave velocity and temperature. The contact angles may have effect on the time required for the heat pipe to reach steady-state. It appears that heat transfer coefficients are more dependent on heat flux in regions of lower quality.

18 當評論的內容為對研究結果可能的証明時,句子的 主要動詞之前通常加上 may 或 can 這些現在簡單式的 情態助動詞。 The layer structural or some other mixed complex material may be the most suitable refrigerants for the Ericsson magnetic refrigerator. The results can be explained by a giant magnetic entropy change. One reason of this advantage may be that the Hank visual programming language can avoid some of the syntactic problems associated with textual programming languages.

19 A possible explanation for this is that the Hank visual programming language can avoid some of the syntactic problems associated with textual programming languages. This may have occurred because the calculation did not consider the initial cooling requirements to pre-cool the semi-trailer body and the solar radiation load.


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