Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 5 Mass Movements and Subsidence. Causes vs. Triggers Cause – situation that leads to failureTrigger – event that produces failure Natural geologic.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Mass Movements and Subsidence. Causes vs. Triggers Cause – situation that leads to failureTrigger – event that produces failure Natural geologic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Mass Movements and Subsidence

2

3 Causes vs. Triggers Cause – situation that leads to failureTrigger – event that produces failure Natural geologic – fractures, layers Physical Natural morphology Heavy rainfall/rapid snowmelt Uplift (tectonic or volcanic) Rapid drawdown Subsurface erosion Earthquake Vegetation loss (fire, drought) Volcanic eruption Freeze-thaw action FloodingHuman Excavation or loading Explosions Deforestation Mining Irrigation or water leakage

4 Resolution of forces on a slope Driving force – downhill component Resisting force – depends on underlying material Safety factor = resisting force/driving force if > 1, slope is stable if < 1, failure can occur

5 Angle of repose

6 Bedding planes on a slope

7 How stable is this house?

8 Classification of Mass Movements Falls – free fall Rock Debris Slides and slumps Rotational Translational Flows Mudflow or earthflow Creep

9 Free fall

10 Cause of slope failure 1- steepening of slope 2- removal of toe support 3- addition of mass at top

11 Toe Crown Basal surface Head scarp Rotational slide

12 Anchorage Alaska March 1964 Earthquake

13 Translational slide

14 Types of flows – notice differences Debris flow Earthflow

15 Creep

16

17

18 Turtle Mtn/Frank Slide, Alberta 1903

19 Mass movements of other material Snow avalanches Submarine slumps – largest mass movements on Earth, but not seen

20 Subsidence Downward movement of ground surface Not reversible once it occurs Causes Removal of water or oil Compaction of clay materials (deltas) Solutioning of limestone by CO 2

21

22

23 Alabama m long - 46 m deep


Download ppt "Chapter 5 Mass Movements and Subsidence. Causes vs. Triggers Cause – situation that leads to failureTrigger – event that produces failure Natural geologic."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google