Presentation on theme: "CASE STUDY ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN BLOCK H AND L, NORTH NAZIMABAD, KARACHI ManHammad Hayat Khan."— Presentation transcript:
1 CASE STUDY ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN BLOCK H AND L, NORTH NAZIMABAD, KARACHI ManHammad Hayat Khan
2 objectiveThe presentation examines the urban development and its impact in Bock H and L, North Nazimabad, Karachi. As North Nazimabad is of the well planned localities of Karachi and in terms of aesthetics, amenities, and grandeur, no other locality in Pakistan could match the town planning of North Nazimbad.The increase in commercialization and demand of housing in North Nazimabad Block H and L, the planned blocks are now facing urban challenges in terms of traffic jams, parking issues, noise pollution, inadequate water supply, drainage problems and congestion.
3 Introduction The world is undergoing the largest wave of urban growth By 2030, almost 5 billion people will be living in towns and cities, with urban development concentrated in Africa and AsiaBy 2030, it is estimated that nearly half of the Pakistan’s population will be living in the urban areas and about 17 cities will have a population of more than one millionThe increase in urban population is attributed to either continued rural to urban migration or natural increaseAs a consequence of the above increase in population the urban living conditions are under great pressureKarachi, the economic hub of Pakistan is also going through the process of urban development and thus facing urban challenges
4 IntroductionPakistan’s current population is about one-third urban. However, that figure will rise to nearly 50% by 2025.More than 60 percent of the population of urban Sindh lives in Karachi and this concentration has increased over time.Karachi is growing so fast that estimates of its population range from 12 million to 18 million.
5 North nazimabadIn 2001, North Nazimabad was declared as one of the 18 towns of KarachiLocality / Township of North Nazimabad was planned to house Federal government employees when Karachi was capital of PakistanIn 1962, the capital was shifted from Karachi to Islamabad and the planned neighborhood of North Nazimabad became available to general public instead of originally planned employees of Federal government only
7 North nazimabadNorth Nazimabad consists of 20 residential blocks identified with alphabets from A to TNorth Nazimabad of today boasts of at least four First-Class cricket grounds, several hospitals, a medical and dental university, several higher secondary colleges, Taimuria library, several parks and sustained commercial activity which makes it a complete city within the city.
8 Block H & L Profile (Study Area) The 1 km long and 150 feet wide strip between Block H and L of North Nazimabad known as Shahra-e-Jahangir has been developed as a vibrant urban space.This strip is also experiencing growth as well, and multistory towers are seen to change the skyline of a previously residential neighborhood.Block H and L of North Nazimabad is facing urban problems and challenges due to this commercialization and development of multistory towers and walkups
11 methodology Review of literature Collection of qualitative and quantitative data through field surveysQuestionnaireInterviews from residents, shop keepers and booking officersCapturing photographs and co-ordinatesGIS MappingGIS AnalysisSoftwares Used; ArcGIS 10.0, AutoCAD 2010, Google Earth Pro
12 ResultsBlock H and L of North Nazimabad of today have lost much of its past glory. like many localities of big cities, businesses from city center slowly creep into residential areasThe once peaceful residential locality of North Nazimabad is now fast turning into a commercial marketSignificant percentage of large size plots (area>400 Sq. yards) of block H and L have seen change in land use from residential to some private school, private University, marriage lawns, fast food centers, medical centersAnother major landuse change in Block H and L of North Nazimabad is the development of high-rise (multi story) residential buildingsDuring survey 7 new high rise projects were identified. Many of them are completed and booked and residents have started living there and the under construction projects have already been booked before the foundation has been laid
13 Results S. No. Project Name Status Floor s Area 1 Saima Grand Under Construction121277 Sq. Yards2Mahnoma HeightsConstructed7650 Sq. Yards3Sheikh Heights101250 Sq. Yards4Habib Pride600 Sq. Yards5Burj View1200 Sq. Yards6Euro Clock TowerAjwa Apartments1000 Sq. Yards
15 ResultsUncontrolled walkups is posing a serious issue of densificationThe increase in population is highly affecting the infrastructure of block H and LWater supply, electricity supply, drainage, sanitation is over burdenedAt the other hand there is increase in load on hospitals, dispensaries, parks, play grounds and most importantly result in lengthy and frequent traffic jamsMany high rises are without parking facilities this will create traffic jam on the main road as it is already a food street with no parking facilityWalkups
18 Development of Ground+1 and Ground+2 Walkups started
19 Development of High Rises (Multi Story) Projects
20 ResultsOpen SpacesOpen spaces/amenity plots are not developed in a manner to encourage public use and recreationThe playgrounds and parks are being encroached and land mafia is grabbing the land of playground day by day, reducing its size which can be easily seen in yellow polygonsEncroachment on open spaces
21 ResultsIrregular Land use, Such as batching plants in amenity plots is creating environmental pollution and utilizing public space. Marriage lawn on Sharah-e-Jahangir, is too narrow to accommodate flash in flux of arriving and departing guestsBatching plant in a JAFCO cricket ground near Landi-Kotal roundaboutWhite house marriage lawn on main shahra-e-jahangir road
22 proposalsCommercialization of strip has created a disjoint in land use and densityA large scale solution is needed to tackle this rupture in the overall city’s urban fabricThe planning agency could create a system of area wise land pooling where successful commercialization has taken placeThe Authority Managed land pooling system could create transition zones such as walkups, plazas, parks between multistory and residential neighborhoodsIt is proposed that in order to retain the quality of the neighborhood authority incentivized land pooling schemes should be launched.
23 proposalsTransitional zones could be created to ease the stark differences and densities of development. Parallel roads could be established to create a shunt to separate residential and thoroughfare traffic.Transition Zone
24 proposalsRegularization of illegal land use can be curtailed by creating a public vigilance cell where complaints about illegal land use/ construction could be reported and hence the local Authority observer kept under checkTo increase development of new public amenities such as parks and cater for expansion of such facilities, the authority will have to ameliorate and amortize some plots. There are two typesIllegally occupied to be returned to amenityLegally occupied to be consumed by amenityIllegal occupants can be relocated in peri urban localities where planning agency would provide tenured housing unitsLegal occupants could be bought out on market value, this could be achieved by creating a one time tax to residents of the block, or spread over a period of 3-5 years
26 The solution must be identified in terms of conclusionMonetary value increase due to qualitative amendmentsPolitical Gain and LeverageThe gain from inclusive solutions (law & order and lack of court interventions)The solution must be identified in terms of