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Author: Gary Paulsen Genre: Realistic Fiction Big Question: How does facing challenges help us learn about ourselves?

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Presentation on theme: "Author: Gary Paulsen Genre: Realistic Fiction Big Question: How does facing challenges help us learn about ourselves?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Author: Gary Paulsen Genre: Realistic Fiction Big Question: How does facing challenges help us learn about ourselves?

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3 Story Sort Story Sort VocabularyWords Vocabulary Words:  Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games  Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack  Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary  Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

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5 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

6 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

7  hatchet  ignite  painstaking  quill  registered  smoldered  stiffened  exasperation  imbedded  flammable  blustery  temperatures  tracks Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Question of the Day How does facing challenges help us learn about ourselves?

9  Build Concepts  Sequence  Visualize  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Principal Parts of Regular Verbs  Spelling: Unusual Spellings  Survival in Nature

10 Model Phrasing

11  Listen as I read “Arctic Lights.”  As I read, notice how I chunk words together in meaningful phrases in the story.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12  What organizational device did the author use to show the sequence of events?  How are the fall equinox and the vernal equinox alike? How are they different?

13  blustery – blowing violently  temperatures – degrees of heat  tracks – footprintstracks  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

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15 (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

16 AnimalsWeather People Survival in Nature

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18 Survival Protection Shelter Nourishment

19  This week’s audio explores survival tips for a visit to a prairie wildlife park. After you listen, we will discuss what you learned about surviving in the wilderness.

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21  hatchet – a small ax with a short handle, for use with one hand hatchet  ignite – to set on fireignite  painstaking – very careful; particular; diligent  quill - a stiff, sharp hair or spine like the pointed end of a featherquill

22  registered – to have had some effect; to have made an impression  smoldered – burned and smoked without flame  stiffened – to have been made or become rigid; fixed

23  exasperation – extreme annoyance; irritation; anger  imbedded – enclosed in a surrounding mass; fastened or fixed firmly  flammable – easily set on fire  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

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27 Principal Parts of Regular Verbs

28  gary breathed a sigh of relief, at the sight of the rescue veehicle  Gary breathed a sigh of relief at the sight of the rescue vehicle.  darla had consider a train trip but she decided to fly  Darla had considered a train trip, but she decided to fly.

29  The steel had nicked into the edge of one of the darker stone pieces.  The verb phrase had nicked combines the participle of the verb nick with a form of have.

30  Verbs in the past tense show action that has already happened. Most verbs in the past tense end in –ed.  The flowers in the vase wilted after two days.

31  A verb’s tenses are made from four basic forms. The basic forms are called the verb’s principal parts.  A regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –ed or –d to the present form. PresentPresent ParticiplePastPast Participle walk(is, are) walking walked(has, have, had) walked study(is, are) studying studied(has, have, had) studied

32  When a verb ends with a consonant and y, change the y to i before adding –ed: cried.  When a one-syllable verb ends with a vowel and consonant, double the consonant before adding –ed: hopped.

33  The present and the past form can be used by themselves as verbs.  The present participle and the past participle are always used with a helping verb.  When a verb ends with a consonant and y, change the y to i before adding –ed: cried.

34  The porcupine terrified the young boy.  past  Brian is pouring the water onto the flames.  present participle  Wendy had wished for an early spring.  past participle

35  Jack saves his strength.  present  The sun warmed his back.  past  The rescue pilots are searching the area every day.  present participle

36  Marian carries the supplies by herself.  present  The hikers had settled into a daily routine.  past participle

37  The hungry flames are licking up the dry bark.  present participle  He hammered the rock with the flat end of his hatchet.  past

38  The mammoth oak tree is shading us from the burning sun.  is shading, present participle  Diana strapped the parachute on before take-off.  strapped, past

39  Dawn has cooked us supper on an open fire.  has cooked, past participle  Our fox terrier barks at every squirrel and rabbit.  barks, present

40  Brad wanted a quiet vacation away from the telephone.  wanted, past

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42 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

43 Question of the Day Do you think Brian will survive? What hints has the author given?

44  Word Structure: Endings  Sequence  Visualize  Plot  Vocabulary  Fluency: Choral Reading  Grammar: Principal Parts of Regular Verbs  Spelling: Unusual Spellings  Time for Science: Porcupines  Flint  Survival in Nature

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47 Choral Reading

48  Turn to page 281, paragraphs 3.  As I read, notice that I use commas and periods to determine how to group the words.  We will practice as a class doing three choral readings of these paragraphs.

49 Principal Parts of Regular Verbs

50  blake felt ill and he was showing simptoms of dehydration  Blake felt ill, and he was showing symptoms of dehydration.  wilderness camping was a unieque experience for uncle ken  Wilderness camping was a unique experience for Uncle Ken.

51  The verb’s tenses are formed from its principal parts.  Some principal parts of a verb are the present, past, and past participle.  A regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –ed or –d to the present form.  Have, has, had, and shall have show perfect tenses.

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53 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

54 Question of the Day Do you think this is a believable story? Why or why not?

55  Sequence  Visualize  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Principal Parts of Regular Verbs  Spelling: Unusual Spellings  Time for Science: The Fire Triangle  Survival in Nature

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57 Model Phrasing

58  Turn to page 282, first paragraph.  As I read, notice how I group words together. Again, commas and periods are helpful in determining the meaningful groups.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings.

59 Principal Parts of Regular Verbs

60  from the plane emily gazed at lake michigans coastline  From the plane, Emily gazed at Lake Michigan’s coastline.  sally wondered why the broshure was written in french  Sally wondered why the brochure was written in French.

61  The verb’s tenses are formed from its principal parts.  Some principal parts of a verb are the present, past, and past participle.  A regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –ed or –d to the present form.  Have, has, had, and shall have show perfect tenses.

62  The tense of a helping verb shows the time of the action. Is and are show present tense, while has, have, and had show past tense. The tense of the helping verb should match the tense of any other verb in the sentence.  Present Tense: Brian is walking home because the bus is late.  Past Tense: Braid had walked home because the bus was late.

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64 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

65 Question of the Day How is school knowledge and book learning different from self- knowledge?

66  Expository Nonfiction/Text Features  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Principal parts of Regular Verbs  Spelling: Unusual Spellings  Time for Science: Edible and Poisonous Plants

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68 Partner Reading

69  Turn to page 282, paragraph 1.  Read this paragraphs three times with a partner. Be sure to read with proper phrasing and offer each other feedback.

70 Principal Parts of Regular Verbs

71  trevor watched the clouds creep across the cresent moon  Trevor watched the clouds creep across the crescent moon.  is valerie and aaron picking berrys or walnuts  Is Valerie and Aaron picking berries or walnuts?

72  The verb’s tenses are formed from its principal parts.  Some principal parts of a verb are the present, past, and past participle.  A regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –ed or –d to the present form.  Have, has, had, and shall have show perfect tenses.

73  Test Tip: Do not use of when you mean have.  Incorrect: Lucy should of gone.  Correct: Lucy should have gone.  Remember that could, should, and would are usually followed by either have and the past participle of a verb or the present tense form alone.

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75 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

76 Question of the Day How does facing challenges help us learn about ourselves?

77  Build Concept Vocabulary  Sequence  Personification  Word Structure: Endings  Grammar: Principal Parts of Regular Verbs  Spelling: Unusual Spellings  Posters/Announcement  Survival in Nature

78  Sequence is the order of events in a story. Clue words such as next, then, and yesterday help to indicate the sequence in which events occur.  Some events in a story happen simultaneously, or at the same time. Clue words such as meanwhile and during signal simultaneous events.

79  Personification is a figure of speech in which human traits are given to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract ideas. The human traits may include personality, intelligence, emotion, or speech.

80  Authors may use words that imply humanness, such as words that describe what an animal is feeling or thinking.  Authors may include conversations between an animal or inanimate object and a human to add interest to a story.

81  Adding an ending to a base word affects its meaning. Knowing how an ending affects word meaning can help you determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.  For example, adding –ed to a verb shows past action, while the ending –ly indicates an adverb.

82 WordEndingMeaning terrified slithering gingerly glancing

83  How might you inform other classes in the school about an upcoming event?  A announcement makes information known to the general public.  A poster is a type of announcement that gives specific answers to the questions Who? What? When? Where? Why? and How? This information is sometimes given in the form of a schedule of events.

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85 Principal Parts of Regular Verbs

86  remember too take your compass or you may get lost  Remember to take your compass, or you may get lost.  when i was in brazil i bought this waterproof watch  When I was in Brazil, I bought this waterproof watch.

87  The verb’s tenses are formed from its principal parts.  Some principal parts of a verb are the present, past, and past participle.  A regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –ed or –d to the present form.  Have, has, had, and shall have show perfect tenses.

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89 crescent language vehicle exhibit examine Michigan parachute unique conquer rhyme penguin exertion exotic brochure symptom antique exhausted heirloom rhinoceros bureau hygiene chauffeur ricochet chandelier chalet

90  Story test ◦ Classroom webpage, ◦ Reading Test  AR ◦ Other Reading Quizzes ◦ Quiz #


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