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Negotiating Intersections. EQ: What skills do you need to approach, enter and exit the many different types of intersections safely? Vocabulary Intersections.

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Presentation on theme: "Negotiating Intersections. EQ: What skills do you need to approach, enter and exit the many different types of intersections safely? Vocabulary Intersections."— Presentation transcript:

1 Negotiating Intersections

2 EQ: What skills do you need to approach, enter and exit the many different types of intersections safely? Vocabulary Intersections – places where roadways meet or cross Point of no return – is the point beyond which you can no longer stop safely without entering the intersection Safety stop – your front bumper is even with the curb line or cars parked on the cross street, allowing you to search 90 degrees to the right and left

3 The chances of a collision are greater at intersections than any other point on a roadway More the 1/3 of all collisions occur at intersections ¼ of all fatal collisions take place at intersections If traffic is moving @ 30 mph, the gap you enter should be 2/3 of a block It takes @ 6 seconds to turn right and accelerate to 30 mph

4 Identify that you are approaching an intersection: Traffic Lights Crossing Traffic Street lights and signs Roadway signs Stopping or turning traffic Pedestrians Rows of fences or mailboxes Power lines crossing the street

5 Determine if you have an open zone for your path of travel Search: left front and right front zones Look for line of sight restrictions Search zones for any changes

6 3 Critical locations at which to use the IPDE process 12-15 Seconds 4-6 Seconds 2 Seconds

7 Legal Stop Line before a crosswalk/intersection Safety Stop – front bumper is even with the curb line Stopping Behind a Vehicle Where you can see their rear tires touch the ground Assignment: Pg. 188 (1-4)

8 EQ: What are some situations in which the driver must yield the right of way? Vocabulary: Right of Way – the privilege of having immediate use of a certain part of the roadway Gap – distance between two vehicles Joining Traffic – turning into lanes of other traffic without interfering with the flow of traffic

9 If you do not have the right of way, your actions should not cause a person to slow, stop or change their path Traffic signs DO NOT stop traffic, they only show who should yield or stop NEVER assume someone will yield to you You have the right of way when other drivers give it to you It takes more time to turn left than right

10 EQ: What is the correct procedure to entering an intersection controlled by signs? Vocabulary: Controlled Intersection – has traffic signs or signals

11 2 kinds of signs at a controlled intersection STOP – must come to a complete stop YIELD – slow and yield the right of way Controlled intersection with a traffic signal Be in correct lane Predict in the light is going to change Fresh Green Light – just turned green Delayed Green Light – one side of the intersection is green while the other remains red for oncoming traffic

12 Unprotected Left Hand Turn – does not have a left turn light Protected Left Hand Turn – Left turn signal lets you turn left while stopping oncoming traffic. It may be an arrow or green light Turning Right on Red Complete stop Yield right of way (vehicles and pedestrians) Turn into the right lane nearest to you Cannot turn right on red if a sign prohibits it

13 EQ: What are some of the actions you take as you approach an uncontrolled intersection? Vocabulary: Uncontrolled Intersection – has no signs or signals to regulate traffic, usually found in residential areas

14 12-15 Seconds from intersection: Identify what type of intersection, speed, lane position 4-6 Seconds from intersection: Decide course of action, check rear zone 2 Seconds from intersection: When 2 or more vehicles reach an intersection at the same time, the driver on the left must yield to the driver on the right. Yield right of way to oncoming traffic 1 st At a blind intersection: look left, right, ahead as you creep forward

15 EQ: What are the correct actions to be taken at railroad crossings? Vocabulary: Crossbuck – large white X shaped sign, Fig. 14 (pg. 197) Active or Controlled Railroad Crossings – crossings that are controlled with electronic signals Flashing red lights, bells, gates, etc. Passive or Uncontrolled Railroad Crossings – usually in rural areas, do NOT have electronic devices

16 RR sign – round and yellow When a bus is in front of you: be prepared to stop

17 EQ: What is the correct procedure for driving through roundabouts? Vocabulary: Roundabout – intersections that are circles, also called traffic circles or rotaries. They do not have traffic signals; instead all vehicles move around in a circular pathway in the same direction

18 Reduce speed and search for traffic Vehicles in the circle have the right of way Traffic will move in a counter clockwise direction Watch for pedestrians Select a safe gap to enter Be alert to other vehicles entering Get into the correct lane to exit roundabout Signal Never stop in a roundabout

19 Know ALL vocabulary terms Your last check when crossing an intersection should be in the direction of your intended path of travel Procedures in a roundabout Procedures crossing intersections Procedures at railroad crossings Where uncontrolled intersections are common When you have the right of way at intersections Always yield to pedestrians Know how large should gaps be when crossing intersections or entering traffic


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