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BONDED JOINTS. BONDED/MECHANICAL JOINT COMPARISON adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and 23 adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and 2322232223.

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Presentation on theme: "BONDED JOINTS. BONDED/MECHANICAL JOINT COMPARISON adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and 23 adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and 2322232223."— Presentation transcript:

1 BONDED JOINTS

2 BONDED/MECHANICAL JOINT COMPARISON adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and 23 adhesion science - see Loctite, pgs 22 and brainstorming exercise brainstorming exercise – advantages of adhesive joints over mechanical joints – advantages of mechanical joints over adhesive joints compare with list from Strong, pg 167 compare with list from Strong, pg 167Strong, pg 167Strong, pg 167

3 TAPE EXPERIMENT

4 TYPES OF JOINTS joint designs – see Loctite, pg 150 and 151 joint designs – see Loctite, pg 150 and lap joints preferred since no machining of composite pieces required (however increased weight and not as strong as other joint designs) lap joints preferred since no machining of composite pieces required (however increased weight and not as strong as other joint designs)

5 JOINT SHOULD BE LOADED IN SHEAR NOT IN PEEL shear stress distribution in adhesive (see Fig. 2, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1) shear stress distribution in adhesive (see Fig. 2, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1)Fig. 2, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1Fig. 2, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1 tapering edges will help eliminate stress risers under loading - reducing tendency to peel (especially in lap joints) tapering edges will help eliminate stress risers under loading - reducing tendency to peel (especially in lap joints) influence of bonded lengths in flat lap joints (see Fig , pg. 616, Lubin) influence of bonded lengths in flat lap joints (see Fig , pg. 616, Lubin) Fig , pg. 616, Lubin Fig , pg. 616, Lubin performance of different joint types (see Figs and 22.10, pg. 614, Lubin) performance of different joint types (see Figs and 22.10, pg. 614, Lubin)Figs and 22.10, pg. 614, LubinFigs and 22.10, pg. 614, Lubin

6 CREEP continued strain at constant load continued strain at constant load dependent on dependent on – joint configuration – stress level – type of adhesive – orientation of adherends generalized characteristics of creep (old reference) generalized characteristics of creep (old reference) – brittle adhesives exhibit less creep than do ductile adhesives – a reduction of 30% in either stress or operating temperature level increases creep durability 500 times

7 FATIGUE symmetrical bonded joints have higher fatigue endurance limits than unsymmetrical bonded joints symmetrical bonded joints have higher fatigue endurance limits than unsymmetrical bonded joints generalized characteristics of fatigue resistance generalized characteristics of fatigue resistance – an increased depth of lap creates increased fatigue life – adhesive fatigue life decreases slightly with increased thickness of adherends

8 DESIGN OF BONDED JOINT adhesive selection adhesive selection – ability to withstand required stresses – ability to withstand in-service environmental conditions – practicality of the application process mode of surface preparation mode of surface preparation restriction on handling prepared surfaces before bonding restriction on handling prepared surfaces before bonding method of mixing and applying adhesive to joint method of mixing and applying adhesive to joint fixturing necessary for support of joint during bonding fixturing necessary for support of joint during bonding method of cleaning joint after bonding method of cleaning joint after bonding – types of adhesive (see Table 1, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1) Table 1, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1Table 1, pg. 684, ASM Vol. 1 analysis of joint to determine area of bond analysis of joint to determine area of bond

9 BONDED JOINT PROCESS dry fit and/or imprint dry fit and/or imprint prepare surfaces prepare surfaces apply adhesive apply adhesive –maintain thickness of bond (from Strong: in in., from Hercules: in in.) –to maintain bondline thickness use bond wires, glass beads, or scrim cloth place in a locating/bonding fixture place in a locating/bonding fixture compact to remove entrapped air compact to remove entrapped air clean up clean up cure cure

10 PREPARATION OF COMPOSITE ADHEREND surface must be free of grease and other contaminants (i.e. mold release agent) surface must be free of grease and other contaminants (i.e. mold release agent) – wipe with solvent or vapor degreasing – rinse with water or alkaline solution (to remove solvents) abrade surface with sandpaper (or Scotchbrite) abrade surface with sandpaper (or Scotchbrite) wipe again with solvent wipe again with solvent rinse with water (dry in oven if rinsed with water) rinse with water (dry in oven if rinsed with water) peel ply may be used to eliminate sanding peel ply may be used to eliminate sanding water break test to ensure proper surface preparation water break test to ensure proper surface preparation

11 PREPARATION OF METAL ADHEREND aluminum - phosphoric acid anodizing (PAA) followed by primer aluminum - phosphoric acid anodizing (PAA) followed by primer titanium - phosphate fluoride or some anodizing method titanium - phosphate fluoride or some anodizing method any metal which forms surface oxide should be carefully treated to achieve stable surface any metal which forms surface oxide should be carefully treated to achieve stable surface

12 BONDING OF THERMOPLASTICS materials can be welded (fusion bonded) rather than adhesively bonded materials can be welded (fusion bonded) rather than adhesively bonded welding process welding process – conventional heating, ultrasonic heating, friction heating and induction heating (requires metal screen - susceptor) – clean surfaces with solvent and/or water and detergent – heat surfaces to point of incipient melting – press surfaces together


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