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Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasketology 101 Presented.

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Presentation on theme: "Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasketology 101 Presented."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasketology 101 Presented by Richard Rudy and Jack Cooke BASCO, Inc.

3 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasket Performance Keep Product In, Air and Contaminants Out High Internal Pressures Resist Stacking Forces Work With Many Chemicals Temperature Extremes

4 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasket Performance Convenient To Install, Never Fall Out Easy To Close The Drum Must Resist Hydrostatic and Drop Tests Low Cost

5 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Gasket Design & Selection Factors UN/DOT requirements Curl and Cover geometry Type of locking ring Intended contents of the drum Type of filling and closing operation Expected storage conditions Re-sealability Cost

6 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. What Is Rubber? A Unique Material Stores and Releases Energy Made Like a Cake Vulcanization is Irreversible

7 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR)

8 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR)

9 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR) Ethylene-Propylene (EPDM)

10 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR) Ethylene-Propylene (EPDM) Chloroprene (CR)

11 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR) Ethylene-Propylene (EPDM) Chloroprene (CR) Nitrile (NBR)

12 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR) Ethylene-Propylene (EPDM) Chloroprene (CR) Nitrile (NBR) Fluorocarbon (e.g.Viton ® )

13 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Materials Natural Rubber (NR) / Isoprene (IR) Styrene Butadiene (SBR) Ethylene-Propylene (EPDM) Chloroprene (CR) Nitrile (NBR) Fluorocarbon (e.g.Viton ® ) Coated Rubber

14 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Relative Rubber Cost

15 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Rubber Types Cellular (Sponge) Rubber Dense Rubber

16 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Cellular (Sponge) Rubber

17 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Sponge Rubber Gaskets Square Sponge Sponge Cord Special Profiles

18 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Square Sponge Gaskets

19 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Open-Cell Sponge Cord Gaskets

20 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Closed-Cell Sponge Cord Gaskets

21 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Special Profile Gaskets MultiSeal ™ Pinnochio ™ WaveSeal ™ VariSeal ™

22 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. MultiSeal ™ Gasket

23 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Pinnochio ™ Gasket

24 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. WaveSeal ™ Gasket

25 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. VariSeal ™ Gasket

26 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Dense Rubber Gaskets Tubular

27 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Tubular Gaskets

28 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. When standard gaskets won’t work Engineered sealing solutions

29 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation

30 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Tensile Strength and Elongation Measures of strength and stretch

31 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Density and Compression Deflection

32 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Density and Compression-Deflection How Much Does A Certain Amount Weigh? How Much Effort Does It Take To Compress It?

33 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Density and Compression Deflection Compression Set

34 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Compression Set Measure of Size ASTM Standard D395 Not “Real World”

35 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Compression Set in Sponge Rubber Permanent Deformation of Open Cells

36 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Compression Set in Sponge Rubber Gas Diffusion from Closed Cells

37 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Compression Set in Sponge Rubber Gasket 24 Hours After Removal Fresh Gasket

38 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Density and Compression Deflection Compression Set Stress Relaxation / Creep

39 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Stress Relaxation Measure of Force Related to Compression Set Not “Real World” Creep

40 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Compression Deflection Compression Set Stress Relaxation / Creep Hardness

41 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Hardness Resistance to indentation Widely used for dense rubber Not good for sponge Indentor

42 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Density and Compression Deflection Compression Set Stress Relaxation / Creep Hardness Service Temperature

43 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Service Temperature MaterialLower LimitUpper Limit SBR-85°F+158°F Natural Rubber-85°F+158°F EPDM-80°F+300°F Neoprene-65°F+225°F Nitrile-55°F+275°F Urethane-70°F+250°F Silicone-180°F+525°F Viton-40°F+500°F

44 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength and Elongation Density and Compression Deflection Compression Set Stress Relaxation / Creep Hardness Service Temperature Storage and Shelf Life

45 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Storage and Shelf Life

46 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Storage and Shelf Life Store at 40º - 80º F, 75% RH Avoid freezing, never exceed 120º F Protect from sunlight Avoid electric motors and high voltage

47 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Industry Standards STM RMA MIL Standards

48 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Industry Standards STM Not useful by itself Not very meaningful for drum gaskets

49 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Industry Standards STM RMA

50 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Industry Standards STM RMA MIL Standards

51 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Chemical Compatibility Drum Gaskets Have Narrow Compatibility Usually Not a Critical Factor

52 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Chemical Compatibility Lab Derived Not “Real World” Avoid Overspecifying

53 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Food Grade Rubber FDA Compliance Based on Ingredients

54 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Kosher Certification

55 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. MSDS and Gaskets MSDS not required Gaskets are “articles”

56 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. Used vs. New? Questionable quality Questionable performance New is best

57 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. So, How Does The Gasket “Fit In”? Drums are non-precision systems Stress Relaxation Measuring “tightness”

58 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. So, What’s The Right Gasket? No “silver bullet” The Right G asket The Best Value Right

59 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. OK, It’s Time To Wake Up!

60 Reusable Industrial Packaging Association - Technical Projects Committee Meeting Charlotte, NC April 22, 2009 © 2009, BASCO, Inc. BASCO 2595 Palmer Avenue University Park, IL Fax


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