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Nixon and the Presidency United States History. At the Beginning Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 after losing the previous election to LBJ.Richard Nixon.

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Presentation on theme: "Nixon and the Presidency United States History. At the Beginning Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 after losing the previous election to LBJ.Richard Nixon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nixon and the Presidency United States History

2 At the Beginning Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 after losing the previous election to LBJ.Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 after losing the previous election to LBJ. At the beginning of Nixon’s presidency, the US was in shambles.At the beginning of Nixon’s presidency, the US was in shambles. Vietnam had become an enormous disappointment, the country itself was divided, and the assassinations of two very popular figures had made Americans feel unsafe.Vietnam had become an enormous disappointment, the country itself was divided, and the assassinations of two very popular figures had made Americans feel unsafe.

3 A Nixon Success One of the biggest successes of Nixon was his war on crime.One of the biggest successes of Nixon was his war on crime. This was suppose to weaken the rights of the accused because Nixon felt they had gotten out of had.This was suppose to weaken the rights of the accused because Nixon felt they had gotten out of had. He blamed the Supreme Court for these problems in the American judicial system.He blamed the Supreme Court for these problems in the American judicial system.

4 War on Crime… Soon after Nixon was elected, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Earl Warren, resigned.Soon after Nixon was elected, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Earl Warren, resigned. Nixon began to win battles with the Supreme Court.Nixon began to win battles with the Supreme Court.

5 War on Crime continued… Warren Burger, a conservative and favorite of Nixon, became the chief justice and Nixon also place three other conservative justices on the court.Warren Burger, a conservative and favorite of Nixon, became the chief justice and Nixon also place three other conservative justices on the court. It looked as if Nixon was going to get his way with the court (they even reversed the decision that capital punishment was illegal and unconstitutional.It looked as if Nixon was going to get his way with the court (they even reversed the decision that capital punishment was illegal and unconstitutional.

6 National Debt Nixon did inherit a huge national debt because of LBJ’s Great Society and the Vietnam War.Nixon did inherit a huge national debt because of LBJ’s Great Society and the Vietnam War. Nixon tried a variety of methods to try and solve this problem, but what he ended up doing was to freeze wages, rents, and product pricesNixon tried a variety of methods to try and solve this problem, but what he ended up doing was to freeze wages, rents, and product prices

7 National Debt continued… Nixon also cut taxes to try and stimulate the economy.Nixon also cut taxes to try and stimulate the economy. The balance of payments began to become a problem as the US was spending far more than it was making.The balance of payments began to become a problem as the US was spending far more than it was making. Nixon just happened to be President in one of the worst economic periods in US history.Nixon just happened to be President in one of the worst economic periods in US history.

8 New Federalism Nixon’s program to reduce the federal gov’t role and put more emphasis on the state and local gov’t.Nixon’s program to reduce the federal gov’t role and put more emphasis on the state and local gov’t. It called for revenue sharing in which the federal gov’t would give the state gov’t money for them to spend as they saw fit.It called for revenue sharing in which the federal gov’t would give the state gov’t money for them to spend as they saw fit.

9 1973 Arab nations placed an embargo on oil shipments to the United States.Arab nations placed an embargo on oil shipments to the United States. Nixon urged Americans to take measures to lead toward self-sufficiency in energy usage.Nixon urged Americans to take measures to lead toward self-sufficiency in energy usage. OPEC began to raise prices on oil after the embargo was lifted which contributed to the economic problems that faced the US throughout the 70’s.OPEC began to raise prices on oil after the embargo was lifted which contributed to the economic problems that faced the US throughout the 70’s.

10 Election of 1972 Nixon ran against George McGovern.Nixon ran against George McGovern. McGovern, although supported by many people, did not even come close to winning this election because he ran such a bad campaign.McGovern, although supported by many people, did not even come close to winning this election because he ran such a bad campaign.

11 Nixon’s 1972 Campaign Even though Nixon won, you could see that he could be dirty.Even though Nixon won, you could see that he could be dirty. His political advisors organized CREEP to receive campaign contributions, many of which were received illegally.His political advisors organized CREEP to receive campaign contributions, many of which were received illegally.

12 Committee for Re-election of the President. (CREEP) A group of CREEP members were caught bugging the Democratic headquarters in 1972.A group of CREEP members were caught bugging the Democratic headquarters in The trial of these members was watched by many Americans.The trial of these members was watched by many Americans. The trial for all the issues discussed in the Watergate investigation led back to Nixon.The trial for all the issues discussed in the Watergate investigation led back to Nixon. As members were sent to prison for their involvement, Nixon feared it would get to him.As members were sent to prison for their involvement, Nixon feared it would get to him. He claimed executive privilege on tapes that had been discovered about the Watergate break-in.He claimed executive privilege on tapes that had been discovered about the Watergate break-in.

13 Watergate Nixon had the attorney general appoint a special prosecuter, Archibald Cox, to help in the investigation.Nixon had the attorney general appoint a special prosecuter, Archibald Cox, to help in the investigation. After Cox asked Nixon to give him the tapes, Nixon ordered the attorney general to fire Cox.After Cox asked Nixon to give him the tapes, Nixon ordered the attorney general to fire Cox. In response to that, the attorney general resigned as well as top aides to him.In response to that, the attorney general resigned as well as top aides to him.

14 Watergate continued….. Nixon finally found someone to fire Cox, this was called the Saturday Night Massacre.Nixon finally found someone to fire Cox, this was called the Saturday Night Massacre. It proved to be a bad move for Nixon as the American public started to call for his impeachment.It proved to be a bad move for Nixon as the American public started to call for his impeachment. Vice President Spiro Agnew also resigned due to the fact a grand jury found him guilty of taking bribes while governor of Maryland.Vice President Spiro Agnew also resigned due to the fact a grand jury found him guilty of taking bribes while governor of Maryland.

15 Gerald Ford: Vice President Nixon appointed Gerald Ford as his new VP.Nixon appointed Gerald Ford as his new VP. Nixon did release written transcripts of the tapes although they were heavily edited.Nixon did release written transcripts of the tapes although they were heavily edited. The Supreme Court ordered Nixon to hand over the tapes and he did.The Supreme Court ordered Nixon to hand over the tapes and he did. The tapes revealed direct evidence of a cover up of the break-in.The tapes revealed direct evidence of a cover up of the break-in.

16 Nixon resignation…. In 1974, Nixon resigned fearing a certain impeachment by Congress.In 1974, Nixon resigned fearing a certain impeachment by Congress. Gerald Ford immediately pardoned Nixon for all crimes, but that did not sit well with the public.Gerald Ford immediately pardoned Nixon for all crimes, but that did not sit well with the public. The issue of presidential power was huge at the end of the Nixon administration.The issue of presidential power was huge at the end of the Nixon administration.

17 War Powers Act Congress passed this to limit the power of the president in military affairs.Congress passed this to limit the power of the president in military affairs. Congress also passed the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act which forced the president to spend any money he attempted to hold onto.Congress also passed the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act which forced the president to spend any money he attempted to hold onto.

18 Ford and Congress They did not help each otherThey did not help each other Although leeway was given to Ford, he still couldn’t pass many things through Congress.Although leeway was given to Ford, he still couldn’t pass many things through Congress. In turn, Ford would veto many of the bills Congress sent him.In turn, Ford would veto many of the bills Congress sent him. Aid for Asian countries was not granted to Ford, even though he asked, and Vietnam and Cambodia fell to communist gov’t.Aid for Asian countries was not granted to Ford, even though he asked, and Vietnam and Cambodia fell to communist gov’t. The only real positive thing that came out of the 70’s was the bicentennial which brought a new sense of hope for Americans.The only real positive thing that came out of the 70’s was the bicentennial which brought a new sense of hope for Americans.


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