Download presentation

1
**Introduction to Kinesiology & Biomechanics**

2
Definitions Kinesiology Biomechanics

3
Definitions Kinematics Kinetics

4
Definitions Static Analysis Dynamics Analysis

5
Definitions Anthropometrics

6
**Why study biomechanics?**

Biomechanist vs Applied Biomechanist Sports Performance Ergonomics Injury Prevention Improved Rehabilitation

7
**Ways to Solve Biomechanical Problems**

Qualitative vs Quantitative Scalar vs Vector Quantities

8
**Basic Structural Analysis**

Stress-Strain Curve Stress Strain Key Points on Curve Elastic Modulus Yield Point Plastic Region Elastic Region Residual Strain Failure Safety Factor Mechanical Energy

9
**Basic Structural Analysis**

Stress-Strain Curve Stress Strain Key Points on Curve Elastic Modulus Yield Point Plastic Region Elastic Region Residual Strain Failure Safety Factor Mechanical Energy

10
**Basic Structural Analysis**

Stress-Strain Curve Stress Strain Key Points on Curve Elastic Modulus Yield Point Plastic Region Elastic Region Residual Strain Failure Safety Factor Mechanical Energy = ½ stress * strain Area under the curve

11
Types of Materials Elastic Linear relationship between stress & strain

12
**Types of Materials Viscoelastic Nearly all biologic tissues**

Manifestations of Viscoelastic Properties Rate of Loading Hysteresis Creep

13
**Types of Materials Viscoelastic Nearly all biologic tissues**

Manifestations of Viscoelastic Properties Rate of Loading Hysteresis Creep

14
**Types of Materials Viscoelastic Nearly all biologic tissues**

Manifestations of Viscoelastic Properties Rate of Loading Hysteresis Creep

15
**Types of Materials Viscoelastic Nearly all biologic tissues**

Manifestations of Viscoelastic Properties Rate of Loading Hysteresis Creep

16
**Material Characteristics**

Stiff Compliant Brittle

17
**Review Anatomical Terms**

Directional Terms Superior/Inferior Proximal/Distal Anterior/Posterior Medial/Lateral Superficial/Deep Movement Terms Flexion/Extension Abduction/Adduction Horizontal Abduction/Hor. Adduction Internal Rotation/External Rotation Radial Deviation/Ulnar Deviation Supination/Pronation Inversion/Eversion

18
Reference Systems

19
**Reference Systems Why? Absolute vs Relative Absolute Reference Frame**

Segments intersect in joint center & movement of segment is described with respect to that joint

20
**Reference Systems Why? Absolute vs Relative Absolute Reference Frame**

Relative Reference Frame Movement of segment described relative to adjacent segment

21
**Reference Systems Spatial Reference Frame**

Movement of body relative to ground Occurs in xyz directions x Up (+) Forward (+) z Down (-) Backward (-) y Left (+) Right (-)

22
**Reference Systems Cartesian Coordinate System Fixed reference point**

x,y and z coordinates

23
**Anatomical Planes & Axes**

Plane of Motion 2 dimensional flat surface Axis point about which movement occurs perpendicular to the plane of movement Whole Body Planes and Axes Segmental Planes and Axes

24
Anatomical Planes

25
**Planes of movement Sagittal left/right halves**

Perpendicular Axis - Frontal or Mediolateral

26
**Planes & Axes Frontal Plane Anterior/posterior halves**

Axis - Anteroposterior or Sagittal

27
Planes & Axes Transverse Plane Upper/lower halves Axis - Longitudinal

28
**Other Planes and axes Diagonal or Oblique plane of movement**

perpendicular to the plane how to find

Similar presentations

OK

Mechanical Properties of Biological Materials Chapter 14 KINE 3301 Biomechanics of Human Movement.

Mechanical Properties of Biological Materials Chapter 14 KINE 3301 Biomechanics of Human Movement.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on e waste in india Ppt on acid-base indicators chemistry Ppt on environmental issues and their solutions Ppt on live line maintenance tools Ppt on c programming language Ppt on object-oriented programming definition Ppt on endangered and extinct species in india Download ppt on community planning for disaster management Ppt on rc coupled amplifier experiment Ppt on chromosomes and genes in dna