Presentation on theme: "How to use transitional words and phrases Transitional words and phrases are like bridges between parts of your paper. They are cues that help the reader."— Presentation transcript:
How to use transitional words and phrases Transitional words and phrases are like bridges between parts of your paper. They are cues that help the reader to interpret ideas in the way that you, as a writer, want them to understand. And finally, transitional words and phrases link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas. Transitional words and phrases help you carry over a thought from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, and from one paragraph to another with words or phrases. There are several types of transitional words and phrases, and each category leads your reader to make certain connections or assumptions about the areas you are connecting. Here is a list of some common transitional words and phrases that can be used to cue your reader in a given way.
UseExample(s) Not only ---- but also ليس فقط ولكن أيضا --- Not only do I think that it is important to share friendships with people of different ages, but also of different backgrounds. There are no reliable population figures, not only because of the size of the country but also because of the political sensitivity involved in counting its ethnic and religious groups. in the light of في ضوء In the light of your good record, we have decided to overlook this offence. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity by the same token وعلى نفس المنوال You have to show respect to your colleagues, and by the same token they have to show respect to you. "I'd obviously like to stay here and play out my career here but by the same token I want to be playing first grade and at the highest level." as well as إضافة إلى She has a house in London as well as a flat in Paris.
UseExample(s) coupled with The weather, coupled with the fact that the trains were on strike, meant few reporters turned up. UseExample(s) to say nothing of ناهيك عن Pollution affects the soil, to say nothing of its impact on wildlife. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity Additionally بالإضافة إلى ذلك Members receive six newsletters a year. Additionally, they have the use of a helpline. Additionally a decline in net investment gains in recent years and extremely liquid invested asset base has led to lower than average returns as a matter of fact في واقع الأمر I haven't been here long. As a matter of fact, I just got off the plane yesterday.
UseExample(s) Apart from / as well as إضافة إلى to link two statements which are true in order to emphasize that both things are true. Apart from/ as well as + -ing only when both verbs have the same subject apart from/ as well as + noun / pronoun apart from the fact that + subject + verb * must be used when the verbs have different subjects She has a house in London as well as a flat in Paris. She works in the evening as well as working all day. Apart from working all day, she works in the evening. I have several other bills to pay apart from this one. I’m not going to buy it. Apart from the fact that it’s expensive, I don’t really like it. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity
Too أيضا Too / as well at the end of a sentence in which two clauses are linked by a second sentence Note: Do not use too/ as well at the beginning of a sentence. I cooked the meal and I washed up afterwards, too / as well. English is my favourite subject but I like history too. UseExample(s) equally important نفس القدر من الأهمية I am trying to do what is best, but equally important I have to consider the cost. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity
UseExample(s) in addition to وبالإضافة إلى ذلك = apart from/ as well as, but more formal In addition to + -ing only used when both verbs have the same subject in addition to + noun/ pronoun in addition to the fact that + subject +verb, etc. when the verbs have different subjects in addition to this / that He speaks five languages in addition to his own. In addition to running the department, she has responsibility for staff training. You will require a work permit in addition to the appropriate qualifications. In addition to the fact that her work is good, she gets on very well with everyone else. You will require the appropriate qualifications and, in addition to a work permit. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I
Likewise كذلك I prepared well for the exam and Ali did likewise. The news reported that Montana would be very cold this week. I said, "Likewise, Rochester will be, too.“ He voted for the change and he expected his colleagues to do likewise. Furthermore/ moreover علاوة على ذلك to introduce another comment or point in addition to something previously said quite formal can be followed by a comma The room I was given at your hotel was unsatisfactory. Furthermore / Moreover, the service was very poor. More and more people are opposed to the idea of raising university fees. Moreover, there is now evidence that it discourages many students from coming to the U.K. Moreover, many of the fees are unrelated to the Brand's actual performance. UseExample(s) Again ثانية Could you say that again, please? He soon felt well again. This must never happen again. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I
as كما She works as a secretary for a big company. Obviously, it wasn't as clear as you thought, if you didn't understand my reference. of course بالطبع Since we disapprove of the scheme; of course we are not going to do it. Of course infinity is too much to pay to watch television or run your air conditioner. UseExample(s) not to mention ناهيك عن He has two big houses in this country, not to mention his villa in France. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I
in the same fashion / way في نفس الشكل / الطريقة Scientists in Japan have created a device that acts in the same way as a laser emits beams of light, except with sound waves. Comparatively نسبيا A comparatively large number of students were absent. The technology is still comparatively new. That's partly because both are comparatively new to mobile, Sharma said. UseExample(s) Then حينها She became a teacher in 2004. She lived in London then, but now she lives in Paris. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity First of allFirst of all, I will start with chapter one of my project.
Like مثل She looked like she was about to cry. The fall of 2000 felt like end times for rock 'n' roll in New York City Uniquely فريد Mr Smith is uniquely qualified to deal with students problems. The federal government is uniquely placed to push this forward. UseExample(s) Identically مماثل The boys were identically dressed in black suits The brown hair, the nearly identically arranged blue and white clothes Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I to point out أن نشير إلى His plan was to point out the best beaches before we would decide on the journey. Besides that بالاضافة لذلك I admire Mr. John Smith for being our teacher. Besides that, I admire him because he is always helping weak students in their class work.
Also أيضا He plays several musical instruments and also writes music. Crystal likes camping in the mountains. Also, Crystal is an experienced hiker. They're also great for handling multiple email accounts in one location. together with مع Your sandwich, together with your salad, came to $5,50 Together with a weakening of domestic institutions, this has hurt the investment climate. UseExample(s) Correspondingly في المقابل The service is better and correspondingly more expensive. The movement correspondingly calls for the ability of countries to leave the euro. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I
To إلى Her childhood was spent travelling from place to place. The vegetables were cooked to perfection. His expression changed from amazement to joy. It was a threat to world peace. Another reason We will be here for one more week so we can finish up our work. Another reason we are staying longer is because we do not want to miss the conference. UseExample(s) Similarly وبالمثل Students in both schools achieved similarly low scores on the test. The boys must wear a pair of pants and dress shirts. Similarly, the strict dress code requires plaid skirts and blouses for the girls. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity I on the positive side وعلى الجانب الإيجابي You must be prepared to be on the positive side of the scheme.
UseExample(s) to put it another way لوضع الأمر بطريقة أخرى He is going to put his discussion in another way in order to make it easier to understand. Sally has lost an oar on her boat and she is in big trouble. Well, to put it another way, Sally has to find another way to row or she will sink! that is to say وهذا يعني I will deal with second point first, that is to say the change to the club's rules. by all means بكل الوسائل His speech was excellent by all means. Everybody applauded at the end of his speech. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity
UseExample(s) important to realize المهم أن ندرك Development banks have their uses, but it is important to realize they are largely extensions of the international economic policies of great powers. Transitions and phrases for agreement/addition/similarity most compelling evidence معظم أدلة دامغة In that same World Cup, in Japan and South Korea, there was the most compelling evidence that the great tournament had never before operated so deeply in the shadow of the club game. must be remembered ويجب أن نتذكر The instructions must be remembered well; otherwise the students would not be able to do the task.