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Journalism 2001: Reporting and Writing I Week One September 8, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Journalism 2001: Reporting and Writing I Week One September 8, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journalism 2001: Reporting and Writing I Week One September 8, 2008

2 Words Matter!

3 Are you ready to work! You’ll be a better writer/communicator at the end of this class … You’ll be a better writer/communicator at the end of this class …

4 Announcements Attendance! Attendance! Name cards Name cards Composition prerequisite Composition prerequisite –Comp 1120 If drop any classes, 100% tuition refund if dropped by September 9 If drop any classes, 100% tuition refund if dropped by September 9 –Drops to 75% Drops to 75%Drops to 75%

5 Introductions Instructor: Lucy Kragness Instructor: Lucy Kragness –University of Minnesota Duluth Experience  3/96 to present: Assistant to the Chancellor  1/05 to present: Jour 2001 instructor  10/90 to 3/96: Alumni Director, University Relations  8/90 to 10/90: Acting Director, Alumni and Media Relations  11/84 to 10/90: Publications Director, Alumni and Media Relations  3/89 to 5/94: Taught Publications Editing, a three-credit spring quarter journalism course  6/85 to 6/90: Volunteer editorial adviser, Statesman student newspaper –Freelance Experience:  7/86 to present: Freelance writer, photographer for several regional and national publications

6 –Newspaper Experience:  9/83 to 9/84: One-person bureau in Sheridan, Wyo., for the Billings Gazette in Billings, Mont.  3/81 to 9/83: Assistant state editor at the Billings Gazette in Billings, Mont.  3/80 to 3/81: Managing editor of the Williston Daily Herald, Plains Reporter (weekly) and the Williston Basin Reporter (bi- weekly), all in Williston, N.D.  11/79 to 3/80: Assistant managing editor/Sunday editor at the Williston Daily Herald  6/79 to 11/79: Reporter, business editor at the Williston Daily Herald  11/78 to 6/79: Assistant editor at the Northeaster newspaper in Minneapolis. –Education:  Master of Education in Educational Computing and Technology, University of Minnesota Duluth, 2001.  Bachelor of Arts in Journalism, University of Minnesota Minneapolis, 1979. –Personal:  Married, two grown stepchildren, grandma!

7 Remember this photo….

8 Let’s look at syllabus

9 Office Hours: 502 Darland Mondays between 3:30-4:30 p.m. Mondays between 3:30-4:30 p.m. Before/after class Before/after class By appointment By appointment

10 Texts News Writing and Reporting for Today’s Media, Itule & Anderson (7 th Edition) News Writing and Reporting for Today’s Media, Itule & Anderson (7 th Edition) Associated Press Stylebook Associated Press Stylebook

11 Course description First course for journalism minor First course for journalism minor Basic news reporting/writing Basic news reporting/writing

12 Student Responsibilities Mandatory attendance Mandatory attendance –Please arrive on time –Turn off cell phones –Avoid surfing the Internet! –Respect classmates/instructor Weekly writing/editing assignments Weekly writing/editing assignments In-class assignments In-class assignments Class participation Class participation Snowy? Call UMD snow hotline: 726-SNOW Snowy? Call UMD snow hotline: 726-SNOW Current event quizzes Current event quizzes Bring fully charged laptop to class each week Bring fully charged laptop to class each week

13 Daily reading of the Duluth News-Tribune Daily reading of the Duluth News-TribuneDuluth News-TribuneDuluth News-Tribune  Front page, opinion, local news, sports  Subscription specials for students living off campus Weekly reading of the Statesman Weekly reading of the StatesmanStatesman Daily viewing of a local news program Daily viewing of a local news program –WDIO-TV: Channel 10 (Charter Channel 13) WDIO-TV  ABC affiliate –KDLH-TV : Channel 3 (Charter Channel 4) KDLH-TV  CBS Affiliate –KBJR-TV: Channel 6 (Charter Channel 5) KBJR-TV  NBC Affiliate –KQDS Channel 21 What’s the connection between KDLH/KBJR? What’s the connection between KQDS 21 and the Duluth News-Tribune?

14 Final Project: Due December 12 Store academic information on your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. Store academic information on your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. –Access Electronic Portfolio at: https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.jsp https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.jsp

15 Grading Major writing assignments: 28% Major writing assignments: 28% In-class assignments: 24% In-class assignments: 24% –Lowest assignment dropped Weekly assignments: 24% Weekly assignments: 24% –Lowest assignment dropped Class participation: 13% Class participation: 13% Final project: 3% Final project: 3% Final exam: 4% Final exam: 4% Story pitches: 4% Story pitches: 4% Egradebook: Egradebook: –http://www.d.umn.edu/egradebook

16 Extra Credit Article published: 10 points Article published: 10 points –Need prior approval Letter to the Editor published: 10 points Letter to the Editor published: 10 points –Duluth News-Tribune –Minneapolis Star-Tribune –St. Paul Pioneer Press Media tours: 10 points Media tours: 10 points Other: Arranged Other: Arranged

17 Late assignments Journalism definition: Journalism definition: –The collection and editing of news for presentation through the media Old news = no news: Old news = no news: –No late assignments!

18 Cina 104 Available to all journalism students Available to all journalism students

19 Internships Internships key to journalism positions Internships key to journalism positions Marty Sozansky, Department of Composition, coordinates internships Marty Sozansky, Department of Composition, coordinates internships

20 Student Academic Integrity Policy UMD is committed to providing students every possible opportunity to grow in mind and spirit. This pledge can only be redeemed in an environment of trust, honesty and fairness. As a result, academic dishonesty is regarded as a serious offense by all members of the academic community. UMD is committed to providing students every possible opportunity to grow in mind and spirit. This pledge can only be redeemed in an environment of trust, honesty and fairness. As a result, academic dishonesty is regarded as a serious offense by all members of the academic community. http://www.d.umn.edu/assl/conduct/integrity

21 Student Conduct Code Students are expected to follow the University’s Student Conduct Code Students are expected to follow the University’s Student Conduct Code Student Conduct Code Student Conduct Code Disruptive classroom behavior that substantially or repeatedly interrupts either the instructor’s ability to teach, or student learning, is prohibited. Disruptive classroom behavior that substantially or repeatedly interrupts either the instructor’s ability to teach, or student learning, is prohibited. Disruptive behavior includes ringing cell phones, text-messaging, watching videos, playing computer games, surfing the Internet, doing email. Disruptive behavior includes ringing cell phones, text-messaging, watching videos, playing computer games, surfing the Internet, doing email.

22 Students with Disabilities Individuals who have any disability, either permanent or temporary, that might affect their ability to perform in this class are encouraged to inform the instructor at the start of the semester. Adaptation of methods, materials, or testing may be made as required to provide for equitable participation. Individuals who have any disability, either permanent or temporary, that might affect their ability to perform in this class are encouraged to inform the instructor at the start of the semester. Adaptation of methods, materials, or testing may be made as required to provide for equitable participation.

23 Safety and Security at UMD UMD is committed to the safety and security of its students, faculty and staff. Many people have been involved in planning and implementing a variety of approaches to campus safety. UMD is committed to the safety and security of its students, faculty and staff. Many people have been involved in planning and implementing a variety of approaches to campus safety. http://www.d.umn.edu/emergency

24 How will the class work? Weekly reading assignments Weekly reading assignments In-class assignments In-class assignments Weekly out-of-class assignments Weekly out-of-class assignments Major reporting assignments Major reporting assignments Current event quizzes Current event quizzes –A journalist must follow the news! All assignments need to be completed in Microsoft Word and sent as an attachment to: lkragnes@d.umn.edu

25 Let’s look at List of Assignments

26 October 13: Important! Class will be attending Duluth City Council meeting on Monday, October 13 Class will be attending Duluth City Council meeting on Monday, October 13 If miss that class, miss Hard News 2 assignment! If miss that class, miss Hard News 2 assignment!

27 Questions about syllabus? Syllabus, assignments, lectures at: http://www.d.umn.edu/~lkragnes http://www.d.umn.edu/~lkragnes

28 Let’s practice Connect to UMD Wireless Access Connect to UMD Wireless Access –http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/computing/wireless/ http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/computing/wireless/ Microsoft Word available almost free to all students: Microsoft Word available almost free to all students: –http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/software/ http://www.d.umn.edu/itss/software Open Microsoft Word Open Microsoft Word  Open blank file  Type: testing  Save file to desktop as: Class test Open Mail Program Open Mail Program  New message  Send to this address: lkragnes@d.umn.edu lkragnes@d.umn.edu  Copy yourself: Add cc:  Attach file  Send!

29 Words matter!

30 We’ll focus on local issues

31 Who is the current mayor of Duluth? 1. Don Ness 2. Herb Bergson 3. Gary Doty

32 When was Don Ness elected mayor? 1. Three years ago 2. Two years ago 3. Last November

33 Is Mayor Ness a graduate of UMD? 1. Yes 2. No

34 As a student at UMD, Don Ness was ___________. 1. Captain of the UMD basketball team 2. Editor of the Statesman 3. Student Association President

35 What was a big issue in the mayoral election? 1. Duluth Public Schools 2. Paying for retiree health care 3. Closing of U.S. Steel

36 The Duluth Public Schools system is undergoing a reorganization process. What is it called? 1. Time for change 2. The Red Plan 3. Zenith City Plan

37 Duluth voters approved the Red Plan for reorganization of the Duluth Public Schools. 1. Yes 2. No

38 What sporting events are we missing?

39 What’s the big news tomorrow?

40 Are you registered to vote?

41

42 Chapter 1: Today’s Media Remembering 9/11 Remembering 9/11 –Moment of silence Where were you on 9/11? Where were you on 9/11? How did you hear the news? How did you hear the news? News events help define generations News events help define generations

43 Focus on print journalism Text focuses on print reporters: Text focuses on print reporters: –Jim Heffernan, former opinion editor, Duluth News-Tribune –Tim Franklin, publisher of the Hinckley News, Pine County Courier (former Statesman editor, editor/reporter in Cloquet, Grand Marais, Duluth) –Tom Wilkowske, former Wave editor, Duluth News-Tribune

44 Journalism skills helped these UMD grads: Journalism skills helped these UMD grads: –TV news reporters  Dennis Anderson, anchor for WDIO-TV  Joel Runck, reporter for KBJR-TV  KQDS Channel 21; Westmoreland Flint representative  Kyle Underwood, former WDIO-TV Kyle Underwood, former WDIO-TV Kyle Underwood, former WDIO-TV –Newspapers  Sarah Doty, Rochester Post-Bulletin –Public relations  Susan Latto, UMD Public Relations Director  Amy Rutledge, communications manager for Minnesota Power, former anchor for KDLH-TV and –Sports Information  Bob Nygaard, UMD Sports Information Director –Grant writers/non-profit organizations  Cindy Finch, Woodland Hills –Advertising  John Hyduke, Westmoreland Flint –Government relations  Julene Boe, City of Duluth  Jess Myers, Minnesota Senate Office/former Hockey News

45 Newspaper industry shrinking 1,745 U.S. daily newspapers in 1980 1,745 U.S. daily newspapers in 1980 1,457 U.S. daily newspapers in 2002 1,457 U.S. daily newspapers in 2002 In 1970: 78 percent of adults read a newspaper daily In 1970: 78 percent of adults read a newspaper daily In 2002: 58 percent of men and 53 percent of women read a daily newspaper In 2002: 58 percent of men and 53 percent of women read a daily newspaper –Biggest drop in readers 34 and younger

46 Newspaper industry not dead One of the most profitable U.S. industries One of the most profitable U.S. industries –Captures huge share of U.S. advertising dollar*  Direct Mail: 19.4 percent  Daily Newspapers: 18.6 percent  Broadcast television: 17.8 percent  Radio: 8 percent  Cable television: 6.9 percent  All other 29.3 percent –All media face challenges * Source: McCann-Erickson Inc., Newspaper Association of America (News Reporting and Writing, The Missouri Group)

47 Multimedia Organizations Time Warner Time Warner –Began with Time magazine

48 Walt Disney Company Walt Disney Company –Walt Disney Studios –Walt Disney amusement parks –ABC television network –Several local radio and television stations –ESPN and its magazine –The Disney Store –The Disney Channel Microsoft Network Microsoft Network –Recruited from newspapers, broadcast stations

49 “The New Old Journalism” Article by Adam L. Pennenberg Article by Adam L. Pennenberg –Journalism professor at New York University http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2005/04/67366

50 General assignment reporters General assignment reporters  Spot news  Night reporter Beat reporters Beat reporters  Education  Crime/courts  Government: city, county, regional, state, national Specialty reporters Specialty reporters  Multicultural  Family  Taste  Business How reporters cover the news

51 Newspaper Editorial Organization Managing Editor Sports Editor Lifestyle Editor City EditorNews Editor State Editor Sports Reporters Lifestyle Reporters Copy editors Chief photographer Photographer Reporters

52 Other Newspaper Departments Advertising Advertising –Local display –Classified –National –Advertising art –Ad promotion –Public relations –Community relations Circulation Circulation –Mail room –Delivery Business Business –Accounting –Billing –Credit –Payroll –Credit union –Labor Relations Production Production –Composing –Platemaking –Camera –Data processing –Press

53 What goes in the newspaper Daily editorial meeting Daily editorial meeting –Editors make story pitches –Editor/managing editor makes final decision –Photography or graphic assignments finalized Deadlines for multiple editions Deadlines for multiple editions

54 Yes, we want to sell papers Trying to sell newspapers? As a matter of fact, yes Trying to sell newspapers? As a matter of fact, yes –Column by Rob Karwath, editor of the Duluth News-Tribune –http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/articles/in dex.cfm?id=73497§ion=Opinion http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/articles/in dex.cfm?id=73497§ion=Opinionhttp://www.duluthnewstribune.com/articles/in dex.cfm?id=73497§ion=Opinion

55 “It's impossible to teach anyone to be a journalist because most of the skills necessary to be a good journalist — an insatiable curiosity, a tenacity for the truth and a love of words — must be developed within. Those of us who have chosen to teach journalism don't really teach, we merely light the way.” — Prof. Malcolm Gibson, College Program Guide, published by The New York Times Co. — Prof. Malcolm Gibson, College Program Guide, published by The New York Times Co.

56 Words matter!

57 Chapter 2: Ingredients of News What is news? What is news? –Folklore definition:  North  East  West  South Let’s hear your definitions…

58 Dictionary definition of news Merriam Webster Online Definition: 1 a : a report of recent events b : previously unknown information 2 a : material reported in a newspaper or news periodical or on a newscast b : matter that is newsworthy

59 What is hard news? 1. Timely events reported almost automatically by the media. 2. Events not usually considered immediately important or timely to a wide audience.

60 Are these hard news or soft news? Car wash by fourth graders to raise money for a classmate with cancer Car wash by fourth graders to raise money for a classmate with cancer Murder in Lakeside Murder in Lakeside High wind creating surf conditions for wind surfers High wind creating surf conditions for wind surfers City council meeting City council meeting Strike by AFSCME Strike by AFSCME

61 Hard News Murders Murders City Council meetings City Council meetings Government meetings Government meetings Not always bad news: major announcements Not always bad news: major announcements Soft News Retirements Retirements School programs School programs Human interest Human interest

62 Convergence Collaboration between newspapers, TV and Internet Collaboration between newspapers, TV and Internet –KDLH/Duluth News Tribune –Newspaper reporter/radio reporter Community Connectedness: Community Connectedness: –Sue Clark-Johnson, Arizona Republic

63 What does it mean for a journalist to be objective? Let’s hear your definitions Let’s hear your definitions

64 A subjective/objective business Journalist’s feelings, thoughts, experiences influence a story Journalist’s feelings, thoughts, experiences influence a story Objectivity key to respect of media Objectivity key to respect of media What’s a gatekeeper? What’s a gatekeeper? –Editors, reporters, sources –Big responsibility: Deciding what’s news Evolving process Evolving process –Editor/reporter tap dance

65 What makes news? Timeliness Timeliness –Train derailment Proximity/Relevance Proximity/Relevance Conflict Conflict Prominence Prominence Consequence/impact Consequence/impact Human interest/novelty Human interest/novelty

66 Factors affecting news Instincts of reporters Instincts of reporters Audience: local vs. regional Audience: local vs. regional News holes News holes –Space left after ads placed –Dummy pages Availability of news Availability of news –Saturday a slow news day –Wire services: AP, Gannett, LA Times, NY Times

67 Philosophy of the medium Philosophy of the medium –Wall Street Journal, Duluth News-Tribune, Proctor Journal –KBJR vs. NBC Nightly News Pressure from the publisher Pressure from the publisher Influence from advertisers Influence from advertisers The news mix The news mix Competition among media Competition among media Changing demographics Changing demographics

68 Pitching a news story What’s the angle? What’s the angle? Succinctness/enthusiasm Succinctness/enthusiasm –If you’re bored by the story, why bother? –Less is usually more! Monitoring other media Monitoring other media

69 Let’s look at Duluth News-Tribune

70 Assignment for 9/15: Using the Tuesday (September 9, 2008) Duluth News- Tribune, list the stories on the front page, local section and the sports section. Determine if the stories where selected on the traditional news elements of: Using the Tuesday (September 9, 2008) Duluth News- Tribune, list the stories on the front page, local section and the sports section. Determine if the stories where selected on the traditional news elements of: –Timeliness –Proximity/relevance –Conflict –Prominence –Consequence & impact –Human Interest Keep evaluations brief: no more than three sentences each. Email Microsoft Word attachment to: lkragnes@d.umn.edu

71 Reading Assignment Read Chapters 3, 4, 5 Read Chapters 3, 4, 5 Read the Duluth News-Tribune! Read the Duluth News-Tribune!

72 Words still matter!

73 How to use AP Stylebook Stylebook Key Stylebook Key –Addresses:  Is this correct? 25 East Silver St. –Spellings:  Adviser/advisor; Legislative titles Sports Guidelines and Style Sports Guidelines and Style Business Guidelines and Style Business Guidelines and Style A Guide to Punctuation A Guide to Punctuation Editing Marks Editing Marks

74 Don’t memorize, familiarize!

75 Today’s assignment AP Stylebook editing practice AP Stylebook editing practice Prepare a Microsoft word file with the following information and send it as an email attachment to: lkragnes@d.umn.edu: Prepare a Microsoft word file with the following information and send it as an email attachment to: lkragnes@d.umn.edu: –Your name, hometown –Your year at UMD –Your major/minor –Your career goals –Journalism experience (OK if none!) –What you hope to get out of this class –Anything else you’d like me to know –Best day for media tour from 4-6 p.m.


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