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Image Permanence Institute Making Sense of Environmental Data NARA Preservation Conference 2006 James M. Reilly Image Permanence Institute Rochester Institute.

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Presentation on theme: "Image Permanence Institute Making Sense of Environmental Data NARA Preservation Conference 2006 James M. Reilly Image Permanence Institute Rochester Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 Image Permanence Institute Making Sense of Environmental Data NARA Preservation Conference 2006 James M. Reilly Image Permanence Institute Rochester Institute of Technology

2 Image Permanence Institute Why Environmental Data? : Environment is best way to achieve and demonstrate stewardship of collections

3 Image Permanence Institute Why Environmental Data? : To inform key institutional functions = Facilities management = Fiscal management = Archival / curatorial : To inform key institutional functions = Facilities management = Fiscal management = Archival / curatorial

4 Image Permanence Institute Environment-Driven Collection Decay Mechanisms : Chemical change : Biological attack : Mechanical damage : Chemical change : Biological attack : Mechanical damage

5 Image Permanence Institute Deriving Meaning from T & RH Data : Algorithms to estimate specific decay risks : Integrations over time : Algorithms to estimate specific decay risks : Integrations over time

6 Image Permanence Institute Chemical Decay (Natural Aging) Metric : TWPI

7 Image Permanence Institute TWPI (Time-Weighted Preservation Index) : Measure of chemical change induced by heat and moisture : Typical cause of poor performance: High summertime dew point : Measure of chemical change induced by heat and moisture : Typical cause of poor performance: High summertime dew point

8 Image Permanence Institute TWPI Scale TWPI Scale : Poor: 1 – 45 : OK: 45 – 75 : Good: : Great: > 100 : Poor: 1 – 45 : OK: 45 – 75 : Good: : Great: > 100

9 Image Permanence Institute Biological Decay Metric : Mold Risk Factor (MRF)

10 Image Permanence Institute Mechanical Decay Metrics : Measures risk due to: = Moisture content of collections ! Too high ! Too low = Dimensional changes as moisture content varies over time : Measures risk due to: = Moisture content of collections ! Too high ! Too low = Dimensional changes as moisture content varies over time

11 Image Permanence Institute Mechanical Decay Risk Metrics : Too dry – Min EMC : Too damp – Max EMC : Too much expansion and contraction – % DC Max : Typical cause of poor performance: = Winter dryness : Too dry – Min EMC : Too damp – Max EMC : Too much expansion and contraction – % DC Max : Typical cause of poor performance: = Winter dryness

12 Image Permanence Institute Interpreting Data: Weigh the Risks According to the Nature and Importance of Collections : Archival & library materials: = Chemical, biological : Fine arts & rare books: = Mechanical, chemical, biological : Archival & library materials: = Chemical, biological : Fine arts & rare books: = Mechanical, chemical, biological

13 Image Permanence Institute

14 Metrics in Practice : At LoC = Identified underperforming spaces = Achieved operating improvements : At NYPL = Helped redirect capital plan for global improvements : At NARA = Used in DC, Regions : At LoC = Identified underperforming spaces = Achieved operating improvements : At NYPL = Helped redirect capital plan for global improvements : At NARA = Used in DC, Regions

15 Image Permanence Institute

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19 Fundamentals of Preventive Conservation : Gather and organize information = Materials and modes of decay = Storage circumstances = Present condition : Analyze risks : Take actions to minimize decay : Gather and organize information = Materials and modes of decay = Storage circumstances = Present condition : Analyze risks : Take actions to minimize decay

20 Image Permanence Institute Prototype of Collection Storage Information System : Built for National Museum of Denmark : Shown with permission : Linked Information = Climate = Collections = Mechanical systems : Built for National Museum of Denmark : Shown with permission : Linked Information = Climate = Collections = Mechanical systems

21 Image Permanence Institute

22 The Image Permanence Institute Rochester Institute of Technology g

23 Image Permanence Institute AcknowledgementsAcknowledgements : Andrew W. Mellon Foundation : NEH Division of Preservation and Access : IMLS : NARA : National Museum of Denmark : Andrew W. Mellon Foundation : NEH Division of Preservation and Access : IMLS : NARA : National Museum of Denmark


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