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© 2013 Empire Justice Center How Detailed Data Analysis Reveals the True Face of Suburban Poverty PART 2 September 26, 2013 Presented by: Michael L. Hanley.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2013 Empire Justice Center How Detailed Data Analysis Reveals the True Face of Suburban Poverty PART 2 September 26, 2013 Presented by: Michael L. Hanley."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2013 Empire Justice Center How Detailed Data Analysis Reveals the True Face of Suburban Poverty PART 2 September 26, 2013 Presented by: Michael L. Hanley Empire Justice Center Rochester, New York Telling the Full Story –

2 The New York Times Census Project: The New York Times Census Project: 2

3 “INCOME” MAPS: Household Income Distribution Median Household Income Change, Median Household Income Households Earning Under $30,000 Households Earning Over $200,000 The New York Times Census Project: The New York Times Census Project: 3

4 “HOUSING AND FAMILIES” MAPS: Median Home Value Change in Median Home Value Median Monthly Rent Change in Median Monthly Rent Mortgages Consuming 30% of Income Same Sex Couples The New York Times Census Project: The New York Times Census Project: 4

5 EDUCATION MAPS: High School Graduates Bachelor’s Degree or Higher Master’s Degree or Higher Elementary Students in Private Schools The New York Times Census Project: The New York Times Census Project: 5

6 “RACE AND ETHNICITY” MAPS: Racial/Ethnic Distribution White Population Black Population Hispanic Population Asian Population Foreign Born Population The New York Times Census Project: The New York Times Census Project: 6

7 Similarly, the “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website has some helpful free online maps. These can give you a quick look at where wealth variations are, and what issues might be relevant. (The data is mapped at the census tract level.) “INCOME” maps are free, “POVERTY” maps have a small fee. “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website: “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website: 7

8 Detroit area: 8

9 If time permits, we can look at more maps from the “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website to see how patterns of poverty concentration vary: Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Phoenix, AZ St. Louis, MO San Francisco, Oakland, Berkeley, CA Detroit, MI Baltimore, MD Boston, MA New York City, NY “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website: “Rich Blocks, Poor Blocks” website: 9

10 So, where’s the detailed data?  The basic Datasets: Keep in mind the difference between the Decennial Census; the Consumer Survey, and the American Community Survey (five year vs. one year data)  68 poverty tables with 5 year ACS Data, including-- S1701: Poverty Status (All Persons) -- numbers and percents above or below poverty level given by age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, employment status, and includes numbers at certain percentages of poverty S1702: Poverty Status (Families) -- For All families; Married; Female HH no husband – gives race/ethnicity; workers; SSI; education; family size, etc B17022: Ratio of Income to Poverty Level of Families by Family Type (Married; Female HH w/no husband; Male HH w/no wife) grouped by ages of children B17026: Ratio of Income to Poverty Level of Families – (good increments: e.g., under 50% of Poverty; at Poverty; 100 to 200% in breaks; 3x, 4x, over 5x) 10

11 POVERTY: PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES AND PEOPLE WHOSE INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS IS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL LIVINGSTONMonroeONTARIOSenecaWAYNEYates ROCHESTER All families 7.1%10.3%6.2%7.7%7.5%10.3%27.6% With related children under 18 years 13.6%17.3%11.5%13.0%13.3%18.7%40.4% With related children under 5 years only 28.3%17.7%14.2%16.6%14.5%10.8%40.7% Married couple families 2.1%3.2%2.4%5.0%3.6%5.4%9.6% With related children under 18 years 4.0%4.1%4.2%8.5%5.9%10.3%14.6% With related children under 5 years only 4.0%3.3%3.9%8.2%6.7%4.3%10.4% Families with female householder, no husband present 29.1%32.3%21.8%17.3%26.0%28.1%46.8% With related children under 18 years 37.7%42.0%30.8%23.3%33.2%32.2%55.5% With related children under 5 years only 64.5%51.8%29.3%35.3%36.4%23.9%64.2% All people 11.7%14.4%9.7%11.7%11.1%15.4%31.1% Under 18 years 13.5%20.5%13.2%16.4%17.0%23.7%45.8% Related children under 18 years 13.0%20.1%12.8%16.3%16.4%23.3%45.6% Related children under 5 years 19.4%23.4%16.8%20.3%16.5%23.4%50.0% Related children 5 to 17 years 11.0%19.0%11.6%14.9%16.4%23.3%43.8% 18 years and over 11.2%12.6%8.6%10.3%9.2%12.6%26.1% 18 to 64 years 12.6%13.5%9.1%10.6%9.5%13.9%27.1% 65 years and over 4.8%8.1%6.6%8.9%7.9%8.0%17.9% People in families 7.1%11.4%7.0%9.2%8.7%13.0%29.9% Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 28.7%25.4%20.5%22.3%22.8%26.7%34.0% Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey Comparing counties and the central city within a metropolitan area: 11

12 Comparing Suburban Towns to the Central City Within an Urban County B17026: RATIO OF INCOME TO POVERTY LEVEL OF FAMILIES IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS - Universe: Families 2007 to 2011 ACS five year estimates Total: Under to to to to to to to to to to 4.99 Brighton8, ,1871,387 Chili7, ,2241,5071,255 Clarkson1, East Rochester1, Gates7, ,5531, Greece25, ,9614,3743,812 Hamlin2, Henrietta9, ,4402,0221,326 Irondequoit13, ,5572,3271,892 Mendon2, Ogden5, ,002 Parma4, , Penfield9, ,1331,6471,359 Perinton13, ,2801,6951,994 Pittsford7, Riga1, Rochester43,9925,7853,8202,5442,9132,9842, ,4957,1474,4533,454 Rush1, Sweden2, Webster11, ,7621,7501,602 B17026: RATIO OF INCOME TO POVERTY LEVEL OF FAMILIES IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS - Universe: Families 2007 to 2011 ACS five year estimates Total: Under to to to to to to to to to to 4.99 Brighton8, ,1871,387 Chili7, ,2241,5071,255 Clarkson1, East Rochester1, Gates7, ,5531, Greece25, ,9614,3743,812 Hamlin2, Henrietta9, ,4402,0221,326 Irondequoit13, ,5572,3271,892 Mendon2, Ogden5, ,002 Parma4, , Penfield9, ,1331,6471,359 Perinton13, ,2801,6951,994 Pittsford7, Riga1, Rochester43,9925,7853,8202,5442,9132,9842, ,4957,1474,4533,454 Rush1, Sweden2, Webster11, ,7621,7501,602 All county 182,270 8,3595,6534,8705,6626,4106,2952,2494,23327,91227,01023,845 Rochester 43,992 5,7853,8202,5442,9132,9842, ,4957,1474,4533,454 Towns 138,278 2,5741,8332,3262,7493,4263,4581,6252,73820,76522,55720,391 12

13 Entire County Central City Outside Central City Family Incomes Under.50 8,3595,7852, to.74 5,6533,8201, to.99 4,8702,5442, to ,6622,9132, to ,4102,9843, to ,2952,8373, to , , to ,2331,4952, to ,9127,14720, to ,0104,45322, to ,8453,45420,391 Over 5x Poverty 59,7725,93653, ,27043,992138,278 Entire County Central City Outside Central City Family Incomes Under 50% of Poverty 8,3595,7852,574 Under 75% of Poverty 14,0129,6054,407 Under 100% of Poverty 18,88212,1496,733 Under 125% of Poverty 24,54415,0629,482 Under 150% of Poverty 30,95418,04612,908 Under 175% of Poverty 37,24920,88316,366 Under 185% of Poverty 39,49821,50717,991 Under 2x Poverty 43,73123,00220,729 Under 3x Poverty 71,64330,14941,494 Under 4x Poverty 98,65334,60264,051 Under 5x Poverty 122,49838,05684,442 All Families 182,27043,992138, ,27043,992138,278 Entire County Central City Outside Central City Family Incomes Under 50% of Poverty 8,35969%31% Under 75% of Poverty 14,01269%31% Under 100% of Poverty 18,88264%36% Under 125% of Poverty 24,54461%39% Under 150% of Poverty 30,95458%42% Under 175% of Poverty 37,24956%44% Under 185% of Poverty 39,49854%46% Under 200% of Poverty 43,73153%47% Over 2x Poverty 71,64342%58% Over 3x Poverty 98,65335%65% Over 4x Poverty 122,49831%69% All Families 182,27024%76% 100%24%76% Comparing Suburban Towns (combined) to the Central City Within an Urban County 13

14 Population for whom poverty status is determined AGE Under 18 years Related children under 18 years 18 to 64 years 65 years and over SEX Male Female RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN One race White Black or African American American Indian and Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Some other race Two or more races Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race) White alone, not Hispanic or Latino EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 25 years and over Less than high school graduate High school graduate (includes equivalency) Some college, associate's degree Bachelor's degree or higher EMPLOYMENT STATUS Civilian labor force 16 years and over Employed Male Female Unemployed Male Female WORK EXPERIENCE Population 16 years and over Worked full-time, year-round in the past 12 months Worked part-time or part-year in the past 12 months Did not work All Individuals below: 50 percent of poverty level 125 percent of poverty level 150 percent of poverty level 185 percent of poverty level 200 percent of poverty level Unrelated individuals for whom poverty status is determined Male Female Mean income deficit for unrelated individuals (dollars) Worked full-time, year-round in the past 12 months Worked less than full-time, year-round in the past 12 months Did not work ACS 5-year data -- Table S 1701: Numbers and Percentages Above or Below Poverty Level in the Past 12 Months ACS 5-year data -- Table S 1701: Numbers and Percentages Above or Below Poverty Level in the Past 12 Months 14

15 Contact Information: Michael L. Hanley Empire Justice Center Rochester, New York 15


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