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Putting Learning Back into Welfare to Work National Conference on Family Literacy April 30, 2013 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Putting Learning Back into Welfare to Work National Conference on Family Literacy April 30, 2013 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Putting Learning Back into Welfare to Work National Conference on Family Literacy April 30, 2013 1

2 TANF Career Pathway Pilot in Cuyahoga County, Ohio Robert E. Paponetti, Executive Director 2

3 TANF Participation Rates Set minimum work participation standards that a state must meet Standards are performance measures computed in the aggregate Specified percentage of families are engaged in specified activities for a minimum number of hours Penalties if standards are not met 3

4 Core Vs. Non-Core Hours Participant must be engaged in approved activities at least 30 hours per week Core hours must be met or non-core hours do not count for the time period Core activities include unsubsidized or subsidized employment, OJT, Job Search/Job Readiness, WEP, Community Service, Vocational Education Non-Core activities include education and job skills training directly related to employment and GED preparation 4

5 Cuyahoga County Challenge Most requested core activity is vocational training, yet almost two-thirds of candidates do not meet minimum math and reading level Most candidates not meeting minimum levels are sent to a WEP assignment with option to complete basic skills on their own Basic skills is non-core activity and must be scheduled around core activity to ensure compliance Most candidates do not pursue basic skills, become disinterested in WEP, drop out, resulting in failed participation rates 5

6 Opportunity Vocational Education is defined as organized education programs that are directly related to the preparation of individuals for employment in current or emerging occupations requiring training. Basic Skills Education may be counted as long as it is a necessary and regular part of the vocational educational training. 6

7 Proposed Pilot American Red Cross State-Tested Nurse Assistant Training Program linked with an ABLE Program Currently STNA is 130 hours, 30 hours per week, 8 th grade reading and math minimum requirement Increase to 250 hours, 30 hours per week, 6 th grade reading and math minimum requirement 7

8 Summary Research participation rates Contact state office as well as local TANF and WIA offices Approved training program may be a better approach than a pilot Do not let time go by – keep communication lines open 8

9 Contact Information Robert E. Paponetti Executive Director The Literacy Cooperative 1331 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, OH 44115 216-776-6181 9

10 Paul Burke, Director Office of Adult & Career Education Services Youth Development & Family Services Rochester City School District 10

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14 For more information on the Family C.A.R.E.E.R.S program please contact: Paul Burke Director Office of Adult & Career Education Services Rochester City School District 30 Hart Street Rochester, New York 14605 (585) 262-8072 14

15 Learning Gains for TANF Clients, or How to Manage Misaligned Policies Dr. Judith Rényi Executive Director 15

16 The Problem: Misaligned Policies TANF Goal: employment within 90 days, and a defined list of work preparation activities that does not include learning; Funder’s Goal: measurable learning gains Client Goal: comply with TANF rules on how they spend their time to get their money Teaching Goal: show educational gains 16

17 Time is the enemy The funder targets only clients with no more than 125% of the poverty level and reimburses only for services that show documented learning gains; Working with TANF clients simplifies the income level documentation problem, BUT TANF clients are extremely short-term learners (fewer than 12 hours); standardized post-tests cannot be used to show learning gains; Only those in a special program for pregnant women will stay long enough for a standardized post-test. EARN Centers are NOT motivated to hang on to the clients or to refer them to learning. 17

18 Managing the policy arena Targeted Skills Assessment satisfies the funder’s need for results on a very short-term basis: Targeted Skills are micro-skills, teachable and observable in the space of a single lesson. Multilevel Literacy classes in the EARN Centers Focused teaching and assessments 18

19 Foundation Skills Wheel 19

20 Foundation Skills Framework Workforce Education Research Center Institute for the Study of Adult Literacy, Pennsylvania State University Six levels of “Reads with Understanding,” including: W.1.1 Demonstrates word recognition and alphabetization skills W.1.2 Uses active reading strategies W.1.3 Reads and interprets signs, symbols, abbreviations, and acronyms 20

21 Foundation Skills Framework Four levels of “Writes Clearly and Concisely” Three levels of “Listens with Understanding” Four levels of “Speaks Clearly and Concisely” Five levels of “Applies Mathematical Concepts and Operations” Four levels of “Observes Critically” Five levels of “Uses Technology” And twelve additional, specialized workplace skills categories, each with numerous levels. 21

22 Foundation Skills Resources ommunity/resources___documents/9086/workf orce_education_resources/523341 22

23 Pre-test and Post-test EACH lesson Learners are TABE assessed prior to entry in class Learners attend multilevel classes, but are doing individualized learning plans in each class Learners are pre- and post-tested at each lesson Data collected on student achievement of targeted skills 23

24 Pilot Demographics August – October, 2012 N=125 Income of all participants 125% of poverty line 88% female and 12% male Ages from 17 to 71 14% ESL and 86% non-ESL 24

25 Using data to evaluate the effectiveness of the model Learner feedback Comparing pre- and post-tests as a measure of learning Weekly spreadsheets Collecting data on types of learning gains based on Targeted Skills Assessment, attendance, and number of learning gains 25

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27 Specialty 27

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29 87% of the Learners made at least One Gain Out of 125 learners: 109 achieved at least one gain 16 achieved no gains, mostly because they dropped out after doing the pre-test 29

30 Outcomes for the Policy Agenda Demonstrated gains for the investment = happy funder Demonstrated gains for the learner = something to add to the resume, and better capacity to pass employment tests, gain and retain employment Incorporation of state-approved framework in practice = happy state Dept. of Education Guide to future practice and curriculum 30

31 Next Steps Online 30-course curriculum with: built-in, industry-relevant activities and assessments at all levels from low intermediate through 10 th -grade math. Each activity in each course will be industry- cluster based for a minimum of three cluster in the highest growth industries in Philadelphia. framed by the NRS levels, with a cross-walk to the Common Core of Learning, and the PA workforce literacy framework. 31

32 Questions? 32

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