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Information Sharing and Cross-System Collaboration John Petrila, J.D., LL.M. Professor, University of South Florida

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Presentation on theme: "Information Sharing and Cross-System Collaboration John Petrila, J.D., LL.M. Professor, University of South Florida"— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Sharing and Cross-System Collaboration John Petrila, J.D., LL.M. Professor, University of South Florida

2 The Importance of Client- Specific Information Identify target population for intervention Provide better clinical care Provide information for assessing outcomes Provide information for program evaluation

3 Reasons Information Does Not Get Shared It’s confidential It’s private I can’t tell you You can’t know HIPAA won’t let me

4 Technological Issues Appropriate data not collected Appropriate data not entered Appropriate data not analyzed Appropriate data lost in too much data

5 HIPAA Law Handcuffs Hospitals and Police “Area police agencies said the federal privacy laws have led to potentially dangerous people being released without their knowledge” Police “…agreed that hospital staff members are just following the new rules”

6 HIPAA Law Handcuffs Hospitals and Police “Area police agencies said the federal privacy laws have led to potentially dangerous people being released without their knowledge” Police “…agreed that hospital staff members are just following the new rules”

7 Fact or Myth? What does HIPAA really say? “…a covered entity may disclose protected health information in response to a law enforcement official’s request…for the purpose of identifying or locating a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person…” Section (f)(2)(i)

8 The ACLU Question: Can the police get my medical information without a warrant? Answer: “Yes”

9 The Ideal Confidentiality Policy 1. You have to give me all of the information I want, when I want it, in the form I want it 2. I can’t give you anything, because everything you want is confidential (plus someone told me HIPAA says so, whatever HIPAA is)

10 Why Confidentiality? Reduction of stigma Fostering trust Preserving privacy Encouraging help-seeking behavior

11 Applicable Laws Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy regulation Security regulation Federal regulations on substance abuse treatment State statutes State court decisions

12 HIPAA Myth 1 Myth: HIPAA applies to everybody Fact: HIPAA applies only to Health plans (group health plan, Medicare, Indian Health Service plan…) Health care clearinghouses Health care providers who transmit health information in electronic form Courts are not covered entities Special rules for corrections Accrediting agencies are not covered

13 HIPAA Myth 2 Myth: All disclosures require consent Fact: Consent is not required for disclosures or uses that are necessary to carry out treatment, payment, or health care operations

14 Florida Law ( b) Information may be released “to…an aftercare treatment provider…for treatment of the patient, …aftercare planning, or evaluation of programs”

15 HIPAA Myth 3 Myth: No one has access to protected health information Fact: HIPAA permits disclosures for the following purposes: Public health activities Victim of abuse or neglect Judicial/Administrative proceedings Law enforcement Threats to health or safety Court-ordered examinations Correctional facilities

16 HIPAA Myth 4 Myth: HIPAA eliminates state laws on confidentiality Fact: State laws that are more protective of confidentiality apply instead of HIPAA Fact: HIPAA merely sets a national minimum

17 HIPAA Myth 5 Myth: Federal law prohibits staff from the same agency from talking to each other Fact: Both HIPAA and 42 CFR (on substance use) permit intra-agency exchanges of information

18 HIPAA Myth 6 Myth: I can’t write down anything because the individual client can see everything Fact: There are exceptions to client access which protect certain types of information

19 HIPAA Myth 7 Myth: If I violate HIPAA I will be severely punished, possibly even executed Fact: There have been 24,000 complaints filed with the federal government; there has not been a single enforcement action

20 Florida Law ( ) “Any facility or private…practitioner who acts in good faith in releasing information from this section is not subject to civil or criminal liability for such release.”

21 HIPAA Myth 8 Myth: There is simply no way to share information across systems because of HIPAA Fact: HIPAA provides several tools: Uniform authorization forms Business associate agreements (and qualified service organization agreements under 42 CFR) Standard judicial orders Patient safety organizations

22 The Security Regulation An electronic system is “interconnected set[s] of information resources under the same direct management control that share common functionality. A system normally includes hardware, software, information, data, applications, communications and people." (45 CFR )45 CFR Exemptions include Paper to paper faxes Voice mails Video conferencing

23 Requirements ( ) Security management Assigned security responsibility Workforce security Information access management Security awareness and training Security incident procedures Contingency plan Evaluation

24 Some Useful Sites d2/SAMHSAHIPAAComparisonClearedPD FVersion.pdf


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