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© 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices 2-15 The Health Insurance Portability.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices 2-15 The Health Insurance Portability."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices 2-15 The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) contains a number of rules, including: –HIPAA Electronic Transaction and Code Sets standards –HIPAA Privacy Rule –HIPAA Security Rule –Final Enforcement Rule

2 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices (Continued) 2-16 HIPAA Electronic Transaction and Code Sets standards –Describe an electronic format that providers and health plans must use to send and receive health care transactions –The electronic transmission of data is called electronic data interchange (EDI) –Payment may be via electronic funds transfer (EFT)

3 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices (Continued) 2-17 Claim Formats –The HIPAA-standard X Health Care Claim, or 837P –The CMS-1500 (08/05) paper claim The National Provider Identifier (NPI) is a ten- position numerical identifier consisting of all numbers

4 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices (Continued) 2-18 HIPAA Privacy Rule –Protects individually identifiable health information –Mandates rules all covered entities must follow in protecting patients’ privacy –Information that can be used to find out a person’s identification, is referred to as protected health information (PHI)

5 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices (Continued) 2-19 HIPAA Security Rule –Outlines safeguards to protect health information stored on a computer system or transmitted across computer networks –Administrative safeguards: the policies and procedures that protect electronic health information –Physical safeguards: the mechanisms required to protect electronic systems, equipment, and data –Technical safeguards: the automated processes used to protect data and control access to data An audit trail is a report that shows who has accessed information and when

6 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.5 HIPAA Legislation and its Impact on Physician Practices (Continued) 2-20 HIPAA in the Age of Health Information Technology –A breach is the acquisition, access, use, or disclosure of unsecured PHI in a manner not permitted under the HIPAA Privacy Rule

7 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 2.6 The HITECH Act’s Impact on Privacy and Security 2-21 The HITECH Act introduced additional privacy and security regulations, including: –Breach notification –Monetary penalties –Advanced enforcement


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