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WOMEN’S HARD LABOR Fighting for their equal rights.

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1 WOMEN’S HARD LABOR Fighting for their equal rights

2 A project in tribute to Women’s History Month March 14-16, 2012 Evan Brees, Rm. 7 By Gerardo Hattie Jorge Jessica

3 WOMEN SYNOPSIS This slideshow will talk and show important events and people concerning the evolution of women’s rights.

4 ABORTION TO HUMAN RIGHTS Roe V. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973) is a landmark decision by the united states supreme court on the issue of abortion. Decided simultaneously with comparison case Doe V. Bolton the court ruled that a right to privacy under the due process cause in the fourteenth constitution extends a woman's decision to have a abortion but that right must be balanced against the states two ligament interest for regulating abortions : protecting parental life and protecting the women's health saying that these states interest become stronger over the course of a pregnancy, the court resolved this balancing test by trying to state regulations of abortion to the women's current trimester of pregnancy. The court later rejected Roes trimester frame work, while affirming roes central holding that a person has a right to an abortion until viability. The roe decision defined “viable” as being potentially able to live outside the mothers womb, albeit with artificial aid,” adding that visibility is usually placed at about seven months (28 weeks) but may occur earlier, even at (24 weeks).” in disallowing many state and feral restrictions on abortion in the United States, Roe vs. Wade prompted a national debate that continues today, about issues including whether and to what extent abortion should decide the legality of abortion, what method the supreme court should be of religious and moral views in the political sphere. Roe v. Wade reshaped national politics, dividing much of the united states into pro-choice and pro-life camps, while activating grassroots movements on both sides.

5 GRISWOLD VS. CONNECTICUT(1965) One of the important cases in women’s rights history, Griswold vs. Connecticut dealt with a Connecticut state law banning the use of contraceptives. This landmark ruling established a right to privacy within a marriage, even though this was explicitly guaranteed in the constitution. Married woman were granted the undeniable right to use contraceptives by the right to privacy. While this ruling did not address the question of use contraception outside of marriage, it was a step in the right direction for woman's rights.

6 MULLER V. OREGON (1908) While this Supreme Court case outcome was not exactly successful for women’s rights, it was a landmark case in the history of gender equality. Unanimously, the Supreme Court upheld an Oregon state law limiting women to working no more than ten hours a day (which was not the case for men). This ruling was negative in that it expressed an opinion of inequality between men and women. Claiming that the ruling was set in place to "protect" women, this result only upheld the patriarchal ideal that women are the lesser sex. However, Muller v. Oregon did ignite some positive consequences, beginning a widespread public discussion of women’s rights and gender equality.

7 IMPORTANT WOMEN LABOR EVENTS 1765-The first society of working women, the Daughters of Liberty, is organized as an auxiliary of the Sons of Liberty, a workingman's association The first union for women only formed: The United Tailoresses of New York Congress passes a law giving women federal employee equal pay for equal work Teddy Roosevelt's Bull Moose Party became the first major political party to include a woman's suffrage plank in its official platform During WWI women's wartime work in heavy industry and public service jobs expanded women's roles in society Francis Perkins, the first women in a presidential cabinet, served as Secretary of Labor throughout the Roosevelt administration, The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by a group of feminists including Betty Friedan. The largest women's rights group in the U.S. NOW seeks to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace, by means of legislative lobbying, litigation, and public demonstrations.

8 WOMEN LABOR EVENT PART II 1981-Sandra Day O'Connor was the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court Women serve in combat for the first time, during the Gulf War Arlene Holt Baker is named executive vice president by the AFL-CIO Executive Council, becoming the first African-American to be elected to one of the federation's three highest offices and the highest-ranking African-American woman in the union movement Randi Weingarten, Antonia Cortese and Loretta Johnson are elected to the top leadership positions in the American Federation of Teachers. It's the first time three women hold the top posts in AFT, whose membership is more than 70 percent female.

9 HALLEY BERRY Halle Berry is an American actress and former beauty queen. She won an Academy Award for Best Actress and was also nominated for a BAFTA Award in 2001 for her performance in Monster's Ball, becoming the first woman of African American descent to have won the award. She is one of the most highly paid actresses in Hollywood and also a Revlon spokeswoman. I've pretty much learned I can let that [being black] hinder me if I want to... or I can fight for different kinds of roles. -Halle Berry Q: In what year did Halley Berry win a Oscar? To find out the answer go to Halley Berry/biography.com

10 OPRAH WINFREY Media giant Oprah Winfrey was born in the poor rural town of Kosciusko, Mississippi on January 29, In 1976, Winfrey moved to Baltimore, where she hosted a hit TV chat show, People Are Talking, after which she was recruited by a Chicago TV station to host her own morning show. Later she went on to pursue her two-and-a-half decade stint as host of the wildly popular Oprah Winfrey show. Q: What secret did Oprah revel in the last episodes of her talk show? Find out at Oprah Winfrey/biography.com "The whole point of being alive is to evolve into the complete person you were intended to be.“ -Oprah Winfrey

11 DR. MAE C. JEMISON Dr. Mae C. Jemison On September 12, 1992, Jemison flew into space with six other astronauts aboard the Endeavour on mission STS47. She became the 1st female African American Astronaut in the U.S. History. Jemison received several awards and honorary doctorates. After leaving the astronaut corps in March 1993, Jemison accepted a teaching fellowship at Dartmouth. She also established the Jemison Group, a company that seeks to research, develop, and market advanced technologies. Q: How old was she when she became an astronaut? To find out the answer go to Mae C. Jemison biography.com Quote "Never limit yourself because of others' limited imagination; never limit others because of your own limited imagination.” -Mae C. Jemison

12 MARIE ANTOINETTE Marie Antoinette was 37yrs of age. When she was 14 in 1769 she was asked of she would marry king Louis. 1773, she and her husband ran away. They were caught and had gotten arrested for treason. 1789, she and her family were arrested and were held like pioneers in Versailles, Paris. January 21 st, 1793 she was beheaded and her daughter knew she was up soon. She is one of the most important women because of her inner strength.

13 APHRA BEHN Aphra Behn ( ), when she was 23yrs old, she lived in Suriname for about a year. In 1664, she married a Dutch man which is where she got the last name Behn. Her husband later passed away in 1665 a year after they were married. In 1670, Aphra made her first play that was called “ the Farced Marriage” she came out with a play called “Abdelazer”.

14 TUBMAN’S JOURNEY During the Civil War, Harriet was a nurse, a spy, and a scout, and Thomas Garrett, her partner for many of the trips, died in Harriet joined Thomas Garrett in death in Her birth year hasn't been exactly determined, so it isn't known how old she was when she died. But, it has been determined she was born between 1816 and Harriet Tubman was the "Moses of her people". She deserves that name because of her epic, heroic expeditions leading fugitive slaves to the promised land where they would be safe.

15 TZU ITSI Tzu Itsi ( ) she gave birth to her son in 1856, her husband passed away soon after that. In 1873, her son became the emperor. She started out as no more then Hsian – Feng emperor concousin she decided to eliminate China's corruption as best as she could. In 1900, she was forced to agree to flee and accept the peace agreement terms. She passed away on Nov. 13 th. The day after her dad passed away.

16 1 ST WOMEN TO BE ELECTED INTO CONGRESS Jeanette Rankin becomes the first woman to serve in the U.S. Congress, when most states don’t grant women the right to vote. In 1916 she runs for Congress as a progressive Republican and wins serving one term, then unsuccessfully ran for the Senate. After a twenty year hiatus, working for anti-war organizations, Rankin successfully runs again for the House in She follows her conscience and votes against U.S. entry into World War II, as she had done in the previous war. She does not run for reelection, instead choosing to devote the rest of her life to promoting peace in the United States and abroad.

17 THE 1 ST WOMEN TO VOTE July 1848 at Seneca Falls, woman's rights convention Charlotte Woodward, she was nineteen at the time in 1920 when women really won the vote throughout the nation.

18 ANNE FRANK On July 6, 1942 Anne and her family went into hiding during the holocaust in the “secret Amex “an attic above her fathers office. August 4, 1944 she and her family were owned by the Nazi’s. they were betrayed to the Nazis and all of them were put in concentration camps. Ann frank is one girl who influenced us all and she will not be forgotten. Anne had left behind a diary in the attic that she received on her 13 th birthday. In 1933 her family moved to Holland without her to flee from the Nazis who were gaining power in Europe.

19 QUEEN ISABELLA Born on April 22, 1451 in Madrigal de las atlas Torres castile.1498 she was proclaimed as the kings heiress by the accord Ortoros de Guisando. When she was 3yrs old her brother became king henry. She was the leader or Christopher Columbus when he supposedly found the new world. 1479, she married Aragorn. She passed away on November 26, 1504 in Medina del campo, Spain.

20 QUOTES “If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation.” -Abigail Adams, U.S. First Lady, 1776 “I am prepared to sacrifice every so-called privilege I possess in order to have a few rights.” -Inez Milholland, Suffragist 1909 “Modern dance isn't anything except one thing in my mind: the freedom of women in America.” -Martha Graham, choreographer, 1946 “I do not know the word 'quit.' Either I never did, or I have abolished it.” -Susan Butcher, Iditarod winner, 1988 “The thing women have yet to learn is nobody gives you power. You just take it.” -Roseanne Barr “In politics if you want anything said, ask a man. If you want anything done, ask a woman.” -Margaret Thatcher, British politician

21 QUOTES “That there is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his.” -Helen Keller “Some of us are becoming the men we wanted to marry.” -Gloria Steinem, feminist “If women could go into your Congress, I think justice would soon be done to the Indians.” -Sara Winnemucca, Piute tribe activist, 1883 “There are no good girls gone wrong - just bad girls found out.” -Mae West “How important it is for us to recognize and celebrate our heroes and she-roes!” -Maya Angelou, African American poet

22 1.)Oyez.com 2.)100 most important women in history 3.)History alive 4.) Wikipedia 5.)Biography.com 6.)Google images 7.)About.com/women history month WEBSITES


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