Presentation on theme: "Title: BASIC SENTENCE PARTS Please write down anything that is underlined during this PowerPoint presentation. Y A Y ! T H E B R O N C O S A R E G O I."— Presentation transcript:
Title: BASIC SENTENCE PARTS Please write down anything that is underlined during this PowerPoint presentation. Y A Y ! T H E B R O N C O S A R E G O I N G T O T H E S U P E R B O W L !
Today’s Learning Objective: I will be able to identify two essential parts of a sentence that are necessary in order to create a complete, well- formed sentence.
Brainstorm In two sentences explain your feeling about the Broncos going to the Super bowl. Thank you for communicating some of your opinions and ideas about the Broncos.
BASIC SENTENCE PARTS The eight parts of speech are the building blocks of language. Whenever, you speak and write, you use these basic units to express ideas. Patterns of words that communicate ideas are called sentences. All sentences must have certain basic parts. For the rest of the quarter I will introduce the basic sentence parts and describe how you can use them to express your thoughts clearly.
The Complete Sentence Every sentence, regardless of its length, must have a subject and a verb. A SENTENCE contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.
The SUBJECT The SUBJECT of a sentence is the word or group of words that answers the question Who? Or What? Ex. Cowboys herd cattle for a living. This example, the noun COWBOYS is the subject that tells us who herd cattle. Circle the subject
However, there are some exceptions. There are simple subjects that consist of more than one word. These include titles, names, and compound nouns. Ex. Pen pals can now use computers. Pen pals is the subject of this sentence
More Exceptions… Subjects sometimes appear at the middle or the end of a sentence Ex. After the debate, Marion sent an email. A sentence that makes a request or a command can have an unstated but understood subject. The subject you is not stated. Type the word. (the subject is understood to mean “You type the word.”
The VERB The VERB in a sentence tells what the subject does, what is done to the subject, or what the condition of the subject is. The VERB in a sentence tells what the subject does, what is done to the subject, or what the condition of the subject is. Ex. Bobby gave an unforgettable show. Ex. Bobby gave an unforgettable show. GAVE is the VERB in this example because GAVE tells what the subject, Bobby, did. Circle the Verb in the example sentence. GAVE is the VERB in this example because GAVE tells what the subject, Bobby, did. Circle the Verb in the example sentence.
EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT A group of words with a subject and a verb express a COMPLETE THOUGHT if it can stand by itself and still make sense. Ex. The kitten sleeps in the basket. KITTEN is the SUBJECT SLEEPS is the VERB This is a complete sentence because it expresses a complete thought.
INCOMPLETE THOUGHT VS. COMPLETE THOUGHT Making sure that your words express COMPLETE THOUGHTS is especially important when you write Incomplete thoughts will leave the readers with questions in their minds. EX. In the basket in the hall. This incomplete thought contains two prepositional phrases. In this case, the phrases can become a sentence only after both the SUBJECT and a VERB are added to them. In grammar, incomplete thoughts are often called fragments.
GAME TIME!!! The term simply describes these cowboys on a horse. They have many responsibilities to their herds of cattle. Other herds might mix with cattle. All cattle are branded by the cattle owner’s unique symbol. The brand distinguishes one herd from another.