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Living in a Material World Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Sustaining our future GCSE Resource.

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Presentation on theme: "Living in a Material World Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Sustaining our future GCSE Resource."— Presentation transcript:

1 Living in a Material World Reduce, Reuse, Recycle – Sustaining our future GCSE Resource

2 Living in a Material World Our clothes are getting cheaper, fashion changes more rapidly and we’re buying more and more clothes. At the same time, we hear more about poor working conditions in clothing factories, the environmental effect is becoming more threatening and the UK is facing a crisis in disposing of its waste. What should we do?

3 What’s the impact to the Environment? Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. Burning of fossil fuels are required to create ….. Electricity for heating water and air in laundering cloth… Other major energy uses Are needed to provide fuel for… Agricultural machinery and production. Toxic chemicals are used widely in cotton agriculture.. … also in pre-treatment, dyeing and printing…. Water consumption is extensive & expensive when growing cotton Workers earn as little as 0.5% of the final price you pay… T-shirts are made in Far East & India – they are shipped here… … we buy them in our shops in Shopping Centres…. … even though we probably have enough already…. We wash them at 60  C, tumble dry them and iron them… Then we bin them, before they have worn out, maybe because they are no longer fashionable, we then go buy a new T shirt!!! Every year each person in the UK send 30kg of textiles to the landfill

4 What’s the impact to the Environment? Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. Burning of fossil fuels are required to create ….. Electricity for heating water and air in laundering cloth… Other major energy uses Are needed to provide fuel for… Agricultural machinery and production.

5 What’s the impact to the Environment? Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. Toxic chemicals are used widely in Cotton agriculture.. … also in pre-treatment, dyeing and printing…. Water consumption is extensive & expensive when growing cotton Workers earn as little as 0.5% of the final price you pay…

6 What’s the impact to the Environment? WEEK1 Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. T-shirts are made in Far East & India – they are shipped here… … we buy them in our shops in Shopping Centres…. … even though we probably have enough already…. We wash them at 60  C, tumble dry them and iron them…

7 What’s the impact to the Environment? Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. Then we bin them, before they have worn out, maybe because they are no longer fashionable, we then go buy a new T shirt!!!

8 What’s the impact to the Environment? WEEK1 Let’s take ONE T Shirt and understand the impact….. Every year each person in the UK send 30kg of textiles to the landfill

9 What is the impact on the Workers? In UK in 18 th & 19 th Century we had poor working conditions in textile factories. That work has moved to factories in developing countries where the same happens to the workers. Making clothes takes a lot of effort by workers – they can made up to 15 T-shirts a day Workers get 0.5% of the final cost we pay for an item. Some retailers are looking to change things for the better.

10 Spot the differences? Lesson Starter 4 Identify the differences Between these two T-shirts

11 Just your average T-shirt…. Retail UK: £7.00 Wholesale UK: £2.65 Knitted T-shirt China £1.96 Knitted fabric: China £1.08 Cotton yarn USA £0.55

12 T-Shirts UK Consumers buy around 8 T-shirts per person per year (2004). USA is the largest producer of cotton, government subsidies ensure they receive per KG more than its market rate. The Cotton is processed into yarn in the USA and shipped to China to be made into T shirts. Mainly young women work in the factories – most live in factory dormitories as they come from the country to the city for work instead of getting married. The workers make approx 15 T shirts a day. 25% of the cotton fabric is wastage when making T-shirts.

13 T-Shirts The UK imported 460 million T shirts in 2004 from China, valued at £3.2 billion. The amount of shipping required to move the T-shirts from China to UK was the same as sending 1 bag of sugar around the World 105 million times!!!

14 What is recommended to Consumers? Buy second-hand clothing and textiles where possible. Buy fewer more durable garments and textile products. When buying new products, choose those made with least energy and least toxic emissions, made by workers paid a credible living wage with reasonable employment rights and conditions. Lease clothes that would otherwise not be worn to the end of their natural life. Wash clothes less often, at lower temperatures and using eco- detergents, hang-dry them and avoid ironing where possible. Extend the life of clothing and textile products through repair. Dispose of used clothing and textiles through recycling businesses who would return them for second-hand sale wherever possible, but otherwise extract and recycle the yarn or fibres

15 Designers’ Dilemma… If consumers do reduce the amount of clothes they buy, re-use and recycle more clothes, are conscious of fair trade. What will designers need to do in the future to make their products appealing to this new type of consumer?

16 7 R’s REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE, REPAIR REFUSE RETHINK

17 7 R’s REDUCE, the amount of the Earth’s resources we use. REUSE, don’t just bin it, could someone else make use of it? RECYCLE, can the materials be made into something new? REPAIR, Can it be fixed? REFUSE, extra bags, packaging and items made by children in sweat shops. RETHINK, how much energy do I use, how could it be less, what is the impact to the planet?

18 7 R’s in Designing REDUCE, the amount of damaging resources when designing. REUSE, resources that you have before buying new. RECYCLE, resources that others no longer need to make something new. REPAIR, so it can be easily & cheaply fixed if it breaks. REFUSE, resources which have been made using un-reputable sources. RETHINK, How could I make it better for the future of the World?

19 Case Study - Traid TRAID (Textile Recycling for Aid and International Development) is a charity committed to protecting the environment and reducing world poverty through recycling and delivering educational programmes and campaigning within the UK. Funds raised by TRAID through the collection and sale of reclaimed clothing and shoes help to divert waste from landfill and fund sustainable development projects in some of the poorest regions of the world.

20 It’s a bit different from your high street Charity Shop…. TRAID operates over 900 textile recycling banks across the UK. Clothing donated to TRAID recycling banks is transported to TRAID's central warehouse and sorted by hand according to quality and style. The clothing is then sold back to the public in one of TRAID's charity shops. Clothing that is torn or stained is reconstructed and redesigned into new one- off pieces and sold under the award-winning recycled fashion label, TRAIDremade. The money that is raised by TRAID through this operation is used to expand TRAID’s recycling activities, fund assemblies and workshops in London schools and donated to overseas development projects.

21 Traid Designers

22 Task Your task is to re-create the way Traid operate but for your school. Follow your standard D&T project processes. You need to find good quality, unwanted clothes and accessories from local sources (you can ask famous people too!) and ask them to donate them to your cause (you will need to also identify which charity you will support with your gains) You will need to sort through the items, decided how much to re-sell them for and if they can be improved by adding embellishments, changing them from trousers to a skirt etc. Label and market your goods, decide how much to sell them for. Set up a sale, invite people to come along to buy your goods.

23 References The majority of research – statistics on textile usage etc. was from: Well dressed? The present and future sustainability of clothing and textiles in the United Kingdom. This report produced in 2006 © University of Cambridge Institute for Manufacturing. /mass/UK_textiles.pdfhttp://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/sustainability/projects /mass/UK_textiles.pdf and and


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