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Jerevan 12. - 14. November 20071 Tailing dams inspection Juliane Knaul Legal Expert, Agency of Mining, Geology and Minerals of Brandenburg, Germany AGENCY.

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Presentation on theme: "Jerevan 12. - 14. November 20071 Tailing dams inspection Juliane Knaul Legal Expert, Agency of Mining, Geology and Minerals of Brandenburg, Germany AGENCY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jerevan November Tailing dams inspection Juliane Knaul Legal Expert, Agency of Mining, Geology and Minerals of Brandenburg, Germany AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG, GERMANY STATE OF BRANDENBURG

2 Jerevan November Directive 2003/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2003 amending Council Directive 1996/82/EC on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances (SEVESO II) General Community Legislation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg STATE OF BRANDENBURG Objective This Directive aims at the prevention of major accidents which involve dangerous substances and the limitation of their consequences for man and the environment, with a view to ensuring high levels of protection throughout the Community in a consistent and effective manner.

3 Jerevan November Operator The industrial operator is obligated to put into effect safety management systems including a detailed risk assessment at regular intervals using possible accident scenarios. Within the safety report, all necessary measures have been taken to prevent such accidents and to limit their consequences for man and the environment. Before the operator commences construction or further operation, the safety report shall be sent to the competent authority. The safety report shall periodically reviewed by the competent authority, which is decided on time of beginning operation or further operation of the mining establishment concerned. STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Directive 2003/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2003 amending Council Directive 1996/82/EC on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances (SEVESO II) Control and monitoring procedure AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg

4 Jerevan November Competent authority The competent authority organize a system of inspections or other measures of control appropriate to the type of mining establishment concerned. The competent authority shall ensure in particular that the operator is able to demonstrate that he has taken appropriate measures to prevent major accidents. Following each inspection, a report shall be prepared by the competent authority. Control and monitoring procedure STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Directive 2003/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2003 amending Council Directive 1996/82/EC on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances (SEVESO II) AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg

5 Jerevan November AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Directive 2003/105/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2003 amending Council Directive 1996/82/EC on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances (SEVESO II) The Directive covers the minerals processing of the extractive industries including tailing ponds and dams from its scope. It is important to note that any such activity would only be covered by the Directive if dangerous substances are involved and if they are present in quantities beyond the threshold levels set out in the Directive. Scope

6 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1975/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 as amended by Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg The Directive shall ensure that waste is recovered or disposed of without endangering human health and without using processes or methods which could harm the environment. The essential objective should be the protection of human health and the environment against harmful effects caused by the collection, transport, treatment, storage and tipping of waste. Objective

7 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1975/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 as amended by Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg The competent authority should, in addition to taking responsible action to ensure the disposal and recovery of waste, take measures to restrict the production of waste. The competent authority shall draw up waste management plans. Any establishment or undertaking which carries out the waste disposal and recovery shall obtain a permit from the competent authority. Control and monitoring procedure

8 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1975/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 as amended by Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Scope The Directive includes waste resulting from prospecting, extraction, treatment and storage of mineral resources and the working of quarries from its scope except the activities of the extractive industries including tailing ponds and dams are already covered by other community legislation.

9 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1975/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 as amended by Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg The aim of this Directive is, by way of stringent operational and technical requirements on the waste and landfills, to provide for measures, procedures and guidance to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on the environment, in particular the pollution of surface water, groundwater, soil and air, and on the global environment, including the greenhouse effect, as well as any resulting risk to human health, from landfilling of waste, during the whole life-cycle of the landfill. Objective

10 Jerevan November The operator of a landfill shall carry out during the operational phase and after-closure a control and monitoring programs. The operator shall notify the competent authority of any significant adverse environ- mental effects revealed by the control and monitoring procedures and follow the decision of the competent authority on the nature and timing of the corrective measures to be taken. Control and monitoring procedure STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg

11 Jerevan November “Landfill" means a waste disposal site for the deposit of the waste onto or into, and if the storage of waste prior to recovery or treatment for a period less than three years as a general rule, or if the storage of waste prior to disposal for a period less than one year. All the issues related to tailing ponds management including tailing dams have not been specifically considered in this Directive. STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Scope

12 Jerevan November The purpose of this Directive is to achieve integrated prevention and control of pollution arising from the activities and industrial facilities with significant negative environmental effects. The Directive down measures designed to prevent or, where that is not practicable, to reduce emissions in the air, water and land from the abovementioned activities, including measures concerning waste, in order to achieve a high level of protection of the environment taken as a whole, without prejudice to relevant Community provisions. STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation Council Directive 1996/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Objective

13 Jerevan November The competent authority determines the conditions of the permit to prevent any adverse effects on the environment. The competent authority periodically reconsiders and where necessary, updates permit conditions and inspects the whole operation of installations. STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Council Directive 1996/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control Control and monitoring procedure

14 Jerevan November The Directive covers activities of waste management of the extractive industries where tailing ponds and dams are used from its scope assumed the dangerous substances are present in quantities beyond the threshold levels set out the Directive. The Directive includes lanfills receiving more than 10 tonnes per day or with a total capacity exceeding 25,000 tonnes excluding landfills of insert waste. STATE OF BRANDENBURG General Community Legislation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Scope Council Directive 1996/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control

15 Jerevan November In consequences of the Baia Mare accident, it has been considered as one of the priority actions an initiative to regulate management of waste from the extractive industries to achieve a high level of environmental protection. Such specific Community legislation on this type of waste should replace the Directive on waste and the landfill Directive. The Directive is designed to complete the Directive on the control of major – accident hazards involving dangerous substances and the Directive concerning integrated pollution, prevention and control in the case that waste facilities particularly with regard to tailing ponds contain large quantities of dangerous substances which need to be controlled below levels that constitute environmental harm. STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Development Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries

16 Jerevan November The Directive provides a stringent regulating system for waste facilities, especially for heaps and ponds including tailing dams which depose extractive waste with a substantial harmfulness on the environment and human health. The concept of "waste“ is defined in the Directive on waste. Thereafter “waste” means any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard. STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Scope Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries

17 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg This Directive lays down minimum requirements in order to prevent or reduce as for as possible any adverse effects on the environment and human health which are brought about as a result of the management of waste from the extractive industries. Objective Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries

18 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg The Directive requires to take the necessary measures to prohibit the abandonment, dumping or uncontrolled depositing of extractive waste high means the management of any waste facility and the control and monitoring of all life-circles of heaps and ponds including tailing dams. Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries Control and monitoring procedure

19 Jerevan November Each operator shall draw up a waste management plan which shall consider the waste management during the design procedure concerning the operation and after- closure of waste facility. The waste management plan includes the minimization, treatment, recovery and disposal of extractive waste. The competent authority shall approve the waste management plan and shall monitor its implementation. STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries Control and monitoring procedure

20 Jerevan November Construction and operation phase During the construction and operation phase of waste facilities, the competent authority periodically reconsiders and, where necessary, updates permit conditions including waste management plan. This based on the monitoring results and aggregated data reported by the operator. Prior to the commencement of deposit operations and at regular intervals thereafter, the competent authority shall inspect any waste facility in order to ensure that it complies with the relevant conditions of the permit. STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation Control and monitoring procedure AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries

21 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg 2. Construction and operation phase The competent authority shall satisfy itself that, in constructing and operation a new waste facility, the operator ensures that the waste facility is suitably located, suitably constructed, managed and maintained to ensure its physical stability and to prevent pollution or contamination of soil, air surface, water or groundwater in the short and long-term perspectives as well as to minimize as for as possible damage landscape. Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries Control and monitoring procedure

22 Jerevan November Closure and after-closure phase A waste facility shall only start the closure procedure if especially is satisfied the relevant conditions stated in the permit which ate met. After the closure procedure for waste facilities, the operator shall be responsible for the maintenance, monitoring, control corrective measures for as long as may be required by the competent authority. During the after-closure phase, the competent authority shall inspect any waste facilities in order to ensure that it complies with conditions of permit. STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation Control and monitoring procedure AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries

23 Jerevan November STATE OF BRANDENBURG Special European Regulation AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg 4. Summery The competent authority is obligated to inspect all life-cycles of the waste facility including tailing dams in order to ensure that it complies with the relevant conditions of the permit which the operator needs for constructing, operating and closing the facility. Directive 2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries Control and monitoring procedure

24 Jerevan November AGENCY OF MINING, GEOLOGY AND MINERALS OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg STATE OF BRANDENBURG Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe Brandenburg (LBGR) Inselstraße 26, Cottbus Germany Phone: Fax:


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